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PREPSYCHOTIC PERSONALITY OF PATIENTS WITH INVOLUTIONAL MELANCHOLIA

PREPSYCHOTIC PERSONALITY OF PATIENTS WITH INVOLUTIONAL MELANCHOLIA Abstract The clinical impression that patients with involutional melancholia have a uniform prepsychotic personality stimulated a more thorough study to ascertain the extent to which this holds true. As the investigation proceeded, three more or less well defined questions arose: 1. Is there any trait or pattern of traits which can be said to be common to persons in whom involutional melancholia develops later? 2. Does this pattern differ notably from that of the average person? 3. Is this pattern common to all depressive groups or peculiar to that of the involutional type? In order to have a description of the personality prior to psychotic distortion, only those patients were chosen whose early histories were known in detail. An analogous difficulty presented itself in the study of persons with recurrent manic-depressive attacks. So far as possible the characteristics of the basic personality were obtained. Although it is the current impression that References 1. Kirby, G. H.: State Hosp. Bull. 1:459, 1908-1909. 2. Hoch, A., and MacCurdy, J. T.: Prognosis of Involutional Melancholia , Arch. Neurol & Psychiat. 7:1 ( (Jan.) ) 1922. 3. MacCurdy, J. T.: The Psychology of Emotion: Morbid and Normal , New York, Harcourt, Brace & Company, 1925. 4. Gillespie, R. D.: Guy's Hosp. Rep. 79:306 ( (July) ) 1929. 5. Harrowes, W. M.: J. Ment. Sc. 79:235 ( (April) ) 1933. 6. Henderson, D. K., and Gillespie, R. D.: A Text-Book of Psychiatry for Students and Practitioners , ed. 3, New York, Oxford University Press, 1932 7. Noyes, A. P.: Modern Clinical Psychiatry , Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1934. 8. Noyes, A. P.: Personal communication to the author. 9. Freud, S.: Collected Papers , translated by Joan Rivière, London, Hogarth Press, 1925, vol. 2. 10. Jones, E.: Anal-Erotic Character Traits , Abnorm. Psychol. 13:261 ( (Dec.) ) 1918. 11. Brill: J. Abnorm. Psychol. 7:302, 1915. 12. Muncie, W.: Rigid Personality as Factor in Psychoses , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 26:359 ( (Aug.) ) 1931. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry American Medical Association

PREPSYCHOTIC PERSONALITY OF PATIENTS WITH INVOLUTIONAL MELANCHOLIA

Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry , Volume 36 (1) – Jul 1, 1936

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1936 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6754
DOI
10.1001/archneurpsyc.1936.02260070027003
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The clinical impression that patients with involutional melancholia have a uniform prepsychotic personality stimulated a more thorough study to ascertain the extent to which this holds true. As the investigation proceeded, three more or less well defined questions arose: 1. Is there any trait or pattern of traits which can be said to be common to persons in whom involutional melancholia develops later? 2. Does this pattern differ notably from that of the average person? 3. Is this pattern common to all depressive groups or peculiar to that of the involutional type? In order to have a description of the personality prior to psychotic distortion, only those patients were chosen whose early histories were known in detail. An analogous difficulty presented itself in the study of persons with recurrent manic-depressive attacks. So far as possible the characteristics of the basic personality were obtained. Although it is the current impression that References 1. Kirby, G. H.: State Hosp. Bull. 1:459, 1908-1909. 2. Hoch, A., and MacCurdy, J. T.: Prognosis of Involutional Melancholia , Arch. Neurol & Psychiat. 7:1 ( (Jan.) ) 1922. 3. MacCurdy, J. T.: The Psychology of Emotion: Morbid and Normal , New York, Harcourt, Brace & Company, 1925. 4. Gillespie, R. D.: Guy's Hosp. Rep. 79:306 ( (July) ) 1929. 5. Harrowes, W. M.: J. Ment. Sc. 79:235 ( (April) ) 1933. 6. Henderson, D. K., and Gillespie, R. D.: A Text-Book of Psychiatry for Students and Practitioners , ed. 3, New York, Oxford University Press, 1932 7. Noyes, A. P.: Modern Clinical Psychiatry , Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1934. 8. Noyes, A. P.: Personal communication to the author. 9. Freud, S.: Collected Papers , translated by Joan Rivière, London, Hogarth Press, 1925, vol. 2. 10. Jones, E.: Anal-Erotic Character Traits , Abnorm. Psychol. 13:261 ( (Dec.) ) 1918. 11. Brill: J. Abnorm. Psychol. 7:302, 1915. 12. Muncie, W.: Rigid Personality as Factor in Psychoses , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 26:359 ( (Aug.) ) 1931.

Journal

Archives of Neurology & PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jul 1, 1936

References