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PRE-COLUMBIAN OSSEOUS SYPHILIS: Skeletal Remains Found at Kinishba and Vandal Cave, Arizona, with Some Comments on Pertinent Literature

PRE-COLUMBIAN OSSEOUS SYPHILIS: Skeletal Remains Found at Kinishba and Vandal Cave, Arizona, with... Abstract THE to the pre-Columbian or post-Columbian origin of syphilis in America.1 In this particular instance, it is to be approached through studies made on comparatively recently excavated skeletons or parts of skeletons, 57 in number, from Kinishba and from Vandal Cave in Arizona. Kinishba is situated in the White Mountains on the banks of an arroya in the White River valley near Fort Apache. At one time the village, or pueblo, consisted of 700 rooms and could have housed from 1,000 to 1,500 persons. Skeletons of the inhabitants were found in burial sites, in trash heaps ouside the rooms, in virgin soil, and in the floors of rooms. The area was systematically excavated by the Arizona State Museum, beginning in 1931. Vandal Cave was excavated under the direction of Dr. Emil W. Haury of the Department of Anthropology, University of Arizona, in References 1. Hensler, P. G.: Cited by Proksch,8 Vol. 1, p. 275. 2. Cole, H. N.: Antiquity of Syphilis with Some Observations on Its Treatment Through the Ages , A. M. A. Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 64:12-22 ( (Nov.) ) 1951. 3. Douglass, A. E.: The Secret of the Southwest Solved by Talkative Tree Rings , Nat. Geog. M. 56: 736-770 ( (Dec.) ) 1929. 4. Williams, H. U.: The Origin and Antiquity of Syphilis , Arch. Path. 13:779-814 ( (May) ) and 931-982 (June) 1932. 5. Denninger, H. S.: Syphilis of Pueblo Skull Before 1350 , Arch. Path. 26:724-727 ( (Sept.) ) 1938. 6. Hooton, E. A.: Indians of Pecos Pueblo: A Study of Their Skeletal Remains , Department of Archaeology, Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., New Haven, Conn., Yale University Press, 1930. 7. Means, H. J.: A Roentgenological Study of the Skeletal Remains of the Prehistoric Mound Builder Indians of Ohio , Am. J. Roentgenol. 13: 359-367 ( (April) ) 1925. 8. Langdon, F. W.: The Madisonville Prehistoric Cemetery: Anthropological Notes , Cincinnati Society of National History, 1881, Vol. 4, pp. 237-258. 9. Proksch, J. K.: Die Geschichte der venerischen Krankheiten: Eine Studie , Bonn, P. Hannstein, 1895-1900. 10. Buret, F.: Syphilis in Ancient and Prehistoric Times, translated from the French , with notes, by A. H. Ohmann-Dusmesnil, Philadelphia, F. A Davis, 1891. 11. Scheube, B.: Zur Geschichte der Syphilis . Arch. path. Anat. 91:448-452 ( (March 2) ) 1883. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Dermatology American Medical Association

PRE-COLUMBIAN OSSEOUS SYPHILIS: Skeletal Remains Found at Kinishba and Vandal Cave, Arizona, with Some Comments on Pertinent Literature

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1955 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-5359
DOI
10.1001/archderm.1955.01540260089019
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract THE to the pre-Columbian or post-Columbian origin of syphilis in America.1 In this particular instance, it is to be approached through studies made on comparatively recently excavated skeletons or parts of skeletons, 57 in number, from Kinishba and from Vandal Cave in Arizona. Kinishba is situated in the White Mountains on the banks of an arroya in the White River valley near Fort Apache. At one time the village, or pueblo, consisted of 700 rooms and could have housed from 1,000 to 1,500 persons. Skeletons of the inhabitants were found in burial sites, in trash heaps ouside the rooms, in virgin soil, and in the floors of rooms. The area was systematically excavated by the Arizona State Museum, beginning in 1931. Vandal Cave was excavated under the direction of Dr. Emil W. Haury of the Department of Anthropology, University of Arizona, in References 1. Hensler, P. G.: Cited by Proksch,8 Vol. 1, p. 275. 2. Cole, H. N.: Antiquity of Syphilis with Some Observations on Its Treatment Through the Ages , A. M. A. Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 64:12-22 ( (Nov.) ) 1951. 3. Douglass, A. E.: The Secret of the Southwest Solved by Talkative Tree Rings , Nat. Geog. M. 56: 736-770 ( (Dec.) ) 1929. 4. Williams, H. U.: The Origin and Antiquity of Syphilis , Arch. Path. 13:779-814 ( (May) ) and 931-982 (June) 1932. 5. Denninger, H. S.: Syphilis of Pueblo Skull Before 1350 , Arch. Path. 26:724-727 ( (Sept.) ) 1938. 6. Hooton, E. A.: Indians of Pecos Pueblo: A Study of Their Skeletal Remains , Department of Archaeology, Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., New Haven, Conn., Yale University Press, 1930. 7. Means, H. J.: A Roentgenological Study of the Skeletal Remains of the Prehistoric Mound Builder Indians of Ohio , Am. J. Roentgenol. 13: 359-367 ( (April) ) 1925. 8. Langdon, F. W.: The Madisonville Prehistoric Cemetery: Anthropological Notes , Cincinnati Society of National History, 1881, Vol. 4, pp. 237-258. 9. Proksch, J. K.: Die Geschichte der venerischen Krankheiten: Eine Studie , Bonn, P. Hannstein, 1895-1900. 10. Buret, F.: Syphilis in Ancient and Prehistoric Times, translated from the French , with notes, by A. H. Ohmann-Dusmesnil, Philadelphia, F. A Davis, 1891. 11. Scheube, B.: Zur Geschichte der Syphilis . Arch. path. Anat. 91:448-452 ( (March 2) ) 1883.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of DermatologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Feb 1, 1955

References