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Postnatal Growth of the Orbit and Upper Face in Rabbits: After Exenteration of the Orbit

Postnatal Growth of the Orbit and Upper Face in Rabbits: After Exenteration of the Orbit Abstract Introduction and Purpose Growth of bones occurs (1) by endochondral bone formation as in the epiphyses, base of skull and mandibular condyle, (2) by sutural growth, and (3) by subperiosteal or appositional growth.1 Only in the skull are all three of these found. Intrinsic and extrinsic, as well as local and systemic factors, may affect skeletal growth centers. Growth of the nasal cartilaginous septum, the brain, and the orbital contents are supposed to influence growth of surrounding bones.2,3The purpose of this preliminary study of postnatal growth of the orbit and upper face after unilateral exenteration of the orbit in growing rabbits was not only to confirm and extend previous reports but also to establish a base for future work. Review of Literature Studies of orbital growth include the embryonic and postembryonic stages as well as the normal and abnormal. A wide variety of animals ranging from amblystoma, References 1. Taken by Drs. Harold Pessin and Gerald Mells. 2. Sarnat, B. G.: Postnatal Growth of Upper Face , Angle Orthodont 33:139-161 ( (July) ) 1963. 3. Brash, J. C.; McKeag, H.; and Scott, J. H.: Aetiology of Irregularity and Malocclusion of the Teeth , ed 2, London: Dental Board of the United Kingdom, 1956. 4. Scott, J. H.: Growth of Human Face , Proc Roy Soc Med 47:91-100, 1953. 5. Hale, F.: Relation of Maternal Vitamin A Deficiency to Microphthalmia in Pigs , Texas J Med 33:228-232, 1937. 6. Washburn, S. L., and Detwiler, S. R.: Experiment Bearing on Problems of Physical Anthropology , Amer J Phys Anthrop 1:171-190, 1943.Crossref 7. Steinitz, E.: Über den Einfluss der Elimination der embryonalen Augenblasen auf die Entwicklung des Gesamtorganismus beim Frosche , Arch f Entwickl-Mech Org 20:537-578, 1906.Crossref 8. Coulombre, A. J., and Crelin, E. S.: Role of Developing Eye in Morphogenesis of Avian Skull , Amer J Phys Anthrop 16:25-37, 1958.Crossref 9. Lesshaft, P.: Grundlagen der theoretischen Anatomie , Erster Teil, Leipzig: W. Hartmann, 1892. 10. Thomson, W. E.: Determination of Influence of Eyeball on Growth of Orbit by Experimental Enucleation of One Eye in Young Animals , Trans Ophthal Soc UK 21:258-268, 1901. 11. Wessely, K.: Über Korrelationen des Wachstums , Z Augenheilk 43:654-681, 1920. 12. Schultz, A. H.: Size of Orbit and of Eye in Primates , Amer J Phys Anthrop 26:389-408, 1940.Crossref 13. Brodie, A. G.: " Contribution of Mandibular Condyle to Growth of Face ," in Temporomandibular Joint , ed 2, edited by B. G. Sarnat, Springfield, Ill: Charles C Thomas, Publishers, 1964. 14. Moss, M. L., and Young, R. W.: Functional Approach to Craniology , Amer J Phys Anthrop 18:281-292, 1960.Crossref 15. Alexander, J. C., et al: Determination of Orbital Volume , Trans Canad Ophthal Soc 24:105-111, 1961. 16. Gans, B. J., and Sarnat, B. G.: Sutural Facial Growth of Macaca Rhesus Monkey: Gross and Serial Roentgenographic Study by Means of Metallic Implants , Amer J Orthodont 37:827-841 ( (Nov) ) 1951.Crossref 17. Sarnat, B. G., and Gans, B. J.: Growth of Bones: Methods of Assessing and Clinical Importance , Plast Reconstr Surg 9:140-160 ( (Feb) ) 1952.Crossref 18. Sarnat, B. G.: Facial and Neurocranial Growth After Removal of Mandibular Condyle in Macaca Rhesus Monkey , Amer J Surg 94:19-30 ( (July) ) 1957.Crossref 19. Wexler, M. R., and Sarnat, B. G.: Rabbit Snout Growth , Arch Otolaryngol 74:305-313 ( (Sept) ) 1961.Crossref 20. Sarnat, B. G.; Brodie, A. G.; and Kubacki, W. H.: Fourteen-Year Report of Facial Growth in Case of Complete Anodontia With Ectodermal Dysplasia , Amer J Dis Child 86:162-169 ( (Aug) ) 1953. 21. Rosen, M. D., and Sarnat, B. G.: Change of Volume of Maxillary Sinus of Dog After Extraction of Adjacent Teeth , Oral Surg 8:420-429 ( (April) ) 1955.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

Postnatal Growth of the Orbit and Upper Face in Rabbits: After Exenteration of the Orbit

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1965 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1965.00970030831015
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Introduction and Purpose Growth of bones occurs (1) by endochondral bone formation as in the epiphyses, base of skull and mandibular condyle, (2) by sutural growth, and (3) by subperiosteal or appositional growth.1 Only in the skull are all three of these found. Intrinsic and extrinsic, as well as local and systemic factors, may affect skeletal growth centers. Growth of the nasal cartilaginous septum, the brain, and the orbital contents are supposed to influence growth of surrounding bones.2,3The purpose of this preliminary study of postnatal growth of the orbit and upper face after unilateral exenteration of the orbit in growing rabbits was not only to confirm and extend previous reports but also to establish a base for future work. Review of Literature Studies of orbital growth include the embryonic and postembryonic stages as well as the normal and abnormal. A wide variety of animals ranging from amblystoma, References 1. Taken by Drs. Harold Pessin and Gerald Mells. 2. Sarnat, B. G.: Postnatal Growth of Upper Face , Angle Orthodont 33:139-161 ( (July) ) 1963. 3. Brash, J. C.; McKeag, H.; and Scott, J. H.: Aetiology of Irregularity and Malocclusion of the Teeth , ed 2, London: Dental Board of the United Kingdom, 1956. 4. Scott, J. H.: Growth of Human Face , Proc Roy Soc Med 47:91-100, 1953. 5. Hale, F.: Relation of Maternal Vitamin A Deficiency to Microphthalmia in Pigs , Texas J Med 33:228-232, 1937. 6. Washburn, S. L., and Detwiler, S. R.: Experiment Bearing on Problems of Physical Anthropology , Amer J Phys Anthrop 1:171-190, 1943.Crossref 7. Steinitz, E.: Über den Einfluss der Elimination der embryonalen Augenblasen auf die Entwicklung des Gesamtorganismus beim Frosche , Arch f Entwickl-Mech Org 20:537-578, 1906.Crossref 8. Coulombre, A. J., and Crelin, E. S.: Role of Developing Eye in Morphogenesis of Avian Skull , Amer J Phys Anthrop 16:25-37, 1958.Crossref 9. Lesshaft, P.: Grundlagen der theoretischen Anatomie , Erster Teil, Leipzig: W. Hartmann, 1892. 10. Thomson, W. E.: Determination of Influence of Eyeball on Growth of Orbit by Experimental Enucleation of One Eye in Young Animals , Trans Ophthal Soc UK 21:258-268, 1901. 11. Wessely, K.: Über Korrelationen des Wachstums , Z Augenheilk 43:654-681, 1920. 12. Schultz, A. H.: Size of Orbit and of Eye in Primates , Amer J Phys Anthrop 26:389-408, 1940.Crossref 13. Brodie, A. G.: " Contribution of Mandibular Condyle to Growth of Face ," in Temporomandibular Joint , ed 2, edited by B. G. Sarnat, Springfield, Ill: Charles C Thomas, Publishers, 1964. 14. Moss, M. L., and Young, R. W.: Functional Approach to Craniology , Amer J Phys Anthrop 18:281-292, 1960.Crossref 15. Alexander, J. C., et al: Determination of Orbital Volume , Trans Canad Ophthal Soc 24:105-111, 1961. 16. Gans, B. J., and Sarnat, B. G.: Sutural Facial Growth of Macaca Rhesus Monkey: Gross and Serial Roentgenographic Study by Means of Metallic Implants , Amer J Orthodont 37:827-841 ( (Nov) ) 1951.Crossref 17. Sarnat, B. G., and Gans, B. J.: Growth of Bones: Methods of Assessing and Clinical Importance , Plast Reconstr Surg 9:140-160 ( (Feb) ) 1952.Crossref 18. Sarnat, B. G.: Facial and Neurocranial Growth After Removal of Mandibular Condyle in Macaca Rhesus Monkey , Amer J Surg 94:19-30 ( (July) ) 1957.Crossref 19. Wexler, M. R., and Sarnat, B. G.: Rabbit Snout Growth , Arch Otolaryngol 74:305-313 ( (Sept) ) 1961.Crossref 20. Sarnat, B. G.; Brodie, A. G.; and Kubacki, W. H.: Fourteen-Year Report of Facial Growth in Case of Complete Anodontia With Ectodermal Dysplasia , Amer J Dis Child 86:162-169 ( (Aug) ) 1953. 21. Rosen, M. D., and Sarnat, B. G.: Change of Volume of Maxillary Sinus of Dog After Extraction of Adjacent Teeth , Oral Surg 8:420-429 ( (April) ) 1955.Crossref

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jun 1, 1965

References