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PNEUMOBACILLUS (FRIEDLANDER'S) MENINGITIS SECONDARY TO OTITIS MEDIA: REPORT OF TWO CASES

PNEUMOBACILLUS (FRIEDLANDER'S) MENINGITIS SECONDARY TO OTITIS MEDIA: REPORT OF TWO CASES Abstract That the pneumobacillus was the cause of many fatal cases of meningitis during the epidemic of 1918 and that many deaths are caused by this organism yearly are well known to the medical profession; yet there appears to be hardly any cases on record in American medical literature. Isolated cases of Friedlander's bacillus septicemia have been described.1 Brain and Valentine2 reported a case of infection of the meninges and the blood stream by Bácillus mucosus-capsulatus secondary to chronic purulent otitis media of the right ear of almost four years' duration. Two months after the patient had had a mastoidectomy followed by an uninterrupted recovery, he was readmitted to the hospital. He complained of severe cold in the head and that for fourteen days he had suffered from severe headaches and intense pains at the back of the neck. Two days after admission, he died. The References 1. Howard, W. T.: The Importance of the Bacillus Mucosus Capsulatus (B. of Friedlander) as the Cause of Acute and Chronic Infections , Philadelphia M. J. 1:336, 1898. 2. Brain, W. R., and Valentine, F. C. O.: Case of Infection of Meninges and Blood Stream by Bacillus Mucosus Capsulatus , Lancet 1:855 ( (April 28) ) 1928.Crossref 3. Lereboullet, P., and Denoyelle: Grave Pneumobacillus Septicemia , Bull. et mém. Soc. méd. d. hôp. de Paris 48:226 ( (Feb. 29) ) 1924. 4. Caussade, G.; Joltrain, E., and Surmont, J.: Pneumobacillus Septicemia , Bull. et mém. Soc. méd. d. hôp. de Paris 48:148 ( (Feb. 8) ) 1924. 5. Lion, G., and Minvielle: Suppurating Meningitis with Friedlander's Bacillus , Bull. et mém. Soc. méd. d. hôp. de Paris 48:286 ( (March 7) ) 1924. 6. Ford, W. W.: Text-Book of Bacteriology , Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1927, p. 556. 7. Von Eisler, M., and Porges, O.: Ueber die Differenzierung der Kapselbakterien mit Hilfe agglutinierender und präzipitierender Immunsera , Centralbl. f. Bakteriol. 42:660, 1906. 8. Ford (footnote 6, p. 557). 9. Jordan, Edwin O.: Genral Bacterioogy , ed. 8, Philaelpia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1926, pp. 225-227. 10. Neufeld: Ztschr. f. Hyg. 34:454, 1900.Crossref 11. Avery, O. T.; Chickeing, H. T.: Cole, R., and Dochez, A. R.: Monograph no. 7, Rockefeller Inst. Med. Res. , (Oct.) 16, 1917, p. 14. 12. Ford (footnote 6, p. 387). 13. Julianelle, L. A.: Bacterial Variation in Cultures of Friedlander's Bacillus , J. Exper. Med. 47:889 ( (June) ) 1928.Crossref 14. Megrail, E.: Toxicity of Filtrates of B. Friedlander Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 23:655 ( (May) ) 1926. 15. Hiss-Zinsser and Russel A Text-Book of Bacteriology ed. 5, New York, D. Appleton & Company, 1925. 16. Menetrier, P., and Fontaine, Bertrand: Pneumobacillus Meningitis , Bull. et mém. Soc. méd. d. hôp. de Paris 48:114 ( (Feb. 1) ) 1924. 17. Eagleton, Wells P.: Physiological Factors in Control of Otitic Meningitis , Laryngoscope 37:113 ( (Feb.) ) 1927. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

PNEUMOBACILLUS (FRIEDLANDER'S) MENINGITIS SECONDARY TO OTITIS MEDIA: REPORT OF TWO CASES

Archives of Otolaryngology , Volume 12 (2) – Aug 1, 1930

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1930 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9977
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1930.03570010190003
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract That the pneumobacillus was the cause of many fatal cases of meningitis during the epidemic of 1918 and that many deaths are caused by this organism yearly are well known to the medical profession; yet there appears to be hardly any cases on record in American medical literature. Isolated cases of Friedlander's bacillus septicemia have been described.1 Brain and Valentine2 reported a case of infection of the meninges and the blood stream by Bácillus mucosus-capsulatus secondary to chronic purulent otitis media of the right ear of almost four years' duration. Two months after the patient had had a mastoidectomy followed by an uninterrupted recovery, he was readmitted to the hospital. He complained of severe cold in the head and that for fourteen days he had suffered from severe headaches and intense pains at the back of the neck. Two days after admission, he died. The References 1. Howard, W. T.: The Importance of the Bacillus Mucosus Capsulatus (B. of Friedlander) as the Cause of Acute and Chronic Infections , Philadelphia M. J. 1:336, 1898. 2. Brain, W. R., and Valentine, F. C. O.: Case of Infection of Meninges and Blood Stream by Bacillus Mucosus Capsulatus , Lancet 1:855 ( (April 28) ) 1928.Crossref 3. Lereboullet, P., and Denoyelle: Grave Pneumobacillus Septicemia , Bull. et mém. Soc. méd. d. hôp. de Paris 48:226 ( (Feb. 29) ) 1924. 4. Caussade, G.; Joltrain, E., and Surmont, J.: Pneumobacillus Septicemia , Bull. et mém. Soc. méd. d. hôp. de Paris 48:148 ( (Feb. 8) ) 1924. 5. Lion, G., and Minvielle: Suppurating Meningitis with Friedlander's Bacillus , Bull. et mém. Soc. méd. d. hôp. de Paris 48:286 ( (March 7) ) 1924. 6. Ford, W. W.: Text-Book of Bacteriology , Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1927, p. 556. 7. Von Eisler, M., and Porges, O.: Ueber die Differenzierung der Kapselbakterien mit Hilfe agglutinierender und präzipitierender Immunsera , Centralbl. f. Bakteriol. 42:660, 1906. 8. Ford (footnote 6, p. 557). 9. Jordan, Edwin O.: Genral Bacterioogy , ed. 8, Philaelpia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1926, pp. 225-227. 10. Neufeld: Ztschr. f. Hyg. 34:454, 1900.Crossref 11. Avery, O. T.; Chickeing, H. T.: Cole, R., and Dochez, A. R.: Monograph no. 7, Rockefeller Inst. Med. Res. , (Oct.) 16, 1917, p. 14. 12. Ford (footnote 6, p. 387). 13. Julianelle, L. A.: Bacterial Variation in Cultures of Friedlander's Bacillus , J. Exper. Med. 47:889 ( (June) ) 1928.Crossref 14. Megrail, E.: Toxicity of Filtrates of B. Friedlander Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 23:655 ( (May) ) 1926. 15. Hiss-Zinsser and Russel A Text-Book of Bacteriology ed. 5, New York, D. Appleton & Company, 1925. 16. Menetrier, P., and Fontaine, Bertrand: Pneumobacillus Meningitis , Bull. et mém. Soc. méd. d. hôp. de Paris 48:114 ( (Feb. 1) ) 1924. 17. Eagleton, Wells P.: Physiological Factors in Control of Otitic Meningitis , Laryngoscope 37:113 ( (Feb.) ) 1927.

Journal

Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Aug 1, 1930

References