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Picture of the Month

Picture of the Month Abstract Denouement and Discussion CONGENITAL ABSENCE OF ABDOMINAL MUSCULATURE (PRUNE BELLY) Major Manifestations An enlarged flaccid abdomen with complete or partial absence of the abdominal musculature. The abdomen bulges out into the flanks. The skin is wrinkled and redundant. Abdominal organs are easily palpable, and peristalsis and intestinal loops may be seen. Major abnormalities of the genitourinary or gastrointestinal tracts are frequently present and may cause the death of the infant. Genetics Does not appear to be genetically determined. Sexual Incidence Appears almost exclusively in the male. Physical Findings The abdomen is enlarged and flaccid, and the flanks are bulging. The condition may at first glance be confused with congenital ascites. The skin of the abdomen is overabundant and wrinkled. The transverse, rectus, and oblique muscles are usually affected. The abdominal organs are easily palpable, and the intestinal loops and peristalsis can be seen. The enlarged kidneys (hydronephrotic or polycystic), ureters, References 1. Parker, R. W.: Absence of Abdominal Muscles in Infant , Lancet 1:1252, 1895. 2. Silverman, F. N., and Huang, N.: Congenital Absence of Abdominal Muscles Associated With Malformation of Genitourinary and Alimentary Tracts: Report of Cases and Review of Literature , Amer J Dis Child 80:91, 1950.Crossref 3. King, R. L.; Tucker, A. S.; and Persky, L.: Congenital Hypoplasia of Abdominal Muscles and Associated Genitourinary Tract Abnormalities , Radiology 77:228, 1961.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American Journal of Diseases of Children American Medical Association

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1965 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0002-922X
DOI
10.1001/archpedi.1965.02090020573013
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Denouement and Discussion CONGENITAL ABSENCE OF ABDOMINAL MUSCULATURE (PRUNE BELLY) Major Manifestations An enlarged flaccid abdomen with complete or partial absence of the abdominal musculature. The abdomen bulges out into the flanks. The skin is wrinkled and redundant. Abdominal organs are easily palpable, and peristalsis and intestinal loops may be seen. Major abnormalities of the genitourinary or gastrointestinal tracts are frequently present and may cause the death of the infant. Genetics Does not appear to be genetically determined. Sexual Incidence Appears almost exclusively in the male. Physical Findings The abdomen is enlarged and flaccid, and the flanks are bulging. The condition may at first glance be confused with congenital ascites. The skin of the abdomen is overabundant and wrinkled. The transverse, rectus, and oblique muscles are usually affected. The abdominal organs are easily palpable, and the intestinal loops and peristalsis can be seen. The enlarged kidneys (hydronephrotic or polycystic), ureters, References 1. Parker, R. W.: Absence of Abdominal Muscles in Infant , Lancet 1:1252, 1895. 2. Silverman, F. N., and Huang, N.: Congenital Absence of Abdominal Muscles Associated With Malformation of Genitourinary and Alimentary Tracts: Report of Cases and Review of Literature , Amer J Dis Child 80:91, 1950.Crossref 3. King, R. L.; Tucker, A. S.; and Persky, L.: Congenital Hypoplasia of Abdominal Muscles and Associated Genitourinary Tract Abnormalities , Radiology 77:228, 1961.Crossref

Journal

American Journal of Diseases of ChildrenAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jun 1, 1965

References