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Physicians' Attitudes Toward Alcoholic Patients

Physicians' Attitudes Toward Alcoholic Patients Abstract Introduction This study is concerned with the relationship between personal values and experiences of the physician and his attitude toward the treatment of alcoholic patients. In view of the known unwillingness of some physicians to recognize that alcoholism is a medical illness which requires medical treatment, it was the intent of this study to discover in what way, if any, this attitude of physicians was related to any personal characteristics of authoritarianism and previous experience with alcoholism.From published reports of physicians' attitudes to alcoholic patients, two generalizations have emerged. The first is that physicians state that alcoholic patients are difficult to treat. Thus, in a survey of psychiatrists, Haymen7 pointed out that alcoholics avoid any type of treatment until they become desperate or come into conflict with the law. Davis4 reported that alcoholics consume a great deal of the physician's References 1. Adorno, T. W., et al: Authoritarian Personality , New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc., 1950. 2. Babow, I.; Watts, M. S. M.; and Samuel, B.: Experience With Community Health Council Questionnaire for Practicing Physicians , JAMA 168:268-70, 1958.Crossref 3. Christie, R., and Lindauer, F.: Personality Structure , Ann Rev Psychol 14:201-230, 1963.Crossref 4. Davis, C. N.: Alcoholic Problem as Doctor Views It , Penn Med J 49:1018-1026, 1946. 5. Gilbert, D. C., and Levinson, D. J.: " 'Custodialism' and 'Humanism' in Staff Ideology ," in Greenblatt , M.; Levinson, D. J.; and Williams, R. H.: Patient and Mental Hospital, Glencoe, Ill: Free Press, 1957, pp 20-35. 6. Levinson, D. J., and Schermerhorn, R. A.: Emotional-Attitudinal Effects of Intergroup Relations Workshop on Its Members , J Psychol 31:243-256, 1951.Crossref 7. Haymen, N.: Current Attitudes to Alcoholism of Psychiatrists in Southern California , Amer J Psychiat 112:485, 1956. 8. Jellinek, E. M.: Disease Concept of Alcoholism , New Haven, Conn: Hillhouse Press, 1960. 9. Riley, J. W., and Marden, C. F.: Medical Profession and Problem of Alcoholism , Quart J Stud Alcohol 7:240-270, 1946. 10. Tuckwiller, P. A.: Medical Perspective , W Virginia Med J 43:261-266, 1947. 11. Waisanen, C. E., and Mulford, H. A.: Alcoholism and Iowa Physicians , J Iowa Med Soc 47:565-569, 1957. 12. The final CAI scale included 14 of the 18 preliminary items. Items 5, 6, 7, and 17 were excluded. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of General Psychiatry American Medical Association

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1964 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-990X
eISSN
1598-3636
DOI
10.1001/archpsyc.1964.01720280038006
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Introduction This study is concerned with the relationship between personal values and experiences of the physician and his attitude toward the treatment of alcoholic patients. In view of the known unwillingness of some physicians to recognize that alcoholism is a medical illness which requires medical treatment, it was the intent of this study to discover in what way, if any, this attitude of physicians was related to any personal characteristics of authoritarianism and previous experience with alcoholism.From published reports of physicians' attitudes to alcoholic patients, two generalizations have emerged. The first is that physicians state that alcoholic patients are difficult to treat. Thus, in a survey of psychiatrists, Haymen7 pointed out that alcoholics avoid any type of treatment until they become desperate or come into conflict with the law. Davis4 reported that alcoholics consume a great deal of the physician's References 1. Adorno, T. W., et al: Authoritarian Personality , New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc., 1950. 2. Babow, I.; Watts, M. S. M.; and Samuel, B.: Experience With Community Health Council Questionnaire for Practicing Physicians , JAMA 168:268-70, 1958.Crossref 3. Christie, R., and Lindauer, F.: Personality Structure , Ann Rev Psychol 14:201-230, 1963.Crossref 4. Davis, C. N.: Alcoholic Problem as Doctor Views It , Penn Med J 49:1018-1026, 1946. 5. Gilbert, D. C., and Levinson, D. J.: " 'Custodialism' and 'Humanism' in Staff Ideology ," in Greenblatt , M.; Levinson, D. J.; and Williams, R. H.: Patient and Mental Hospital, Glencoe, Ill: Free Press, 1957, pp 20-35. 6. Levinson, D. J., and Schermerhorn, R. A.: Emotional-Attitudinal Effects of Intergroup Relations Workshop on Its Members , J Psychol 31:243-256, 1951.Crossref 7. Haymen, N.: Current Attitudes to Alcoholism of Psychiatrists in Southern California , Amer J Psychiat 112:485, 1956. 8. Jellinek, E. M.: Disease Concept of Alcoholism , New Haven, Conn: Hillhouse Press, 1960. 9. Riley, J. W., and Marden, C. F.: Medical Profession and Problem of Alcoholism , Quart J Stud Alcohol 7:240-270, 1946. 10. Tuckwiller, P. A.: Medical Perspective , W Virginia Med J 43:261-266, 1947. 11. Waisanen, C. E., and Mulford, H. A.: Alcoholism and Iowa Physicians , J Iowa Med Soc 47:565-569, 1957. 12. The final CAI scale included 14 of the 18 preliminary items. Items 5, 6, 7, and 17 were excluded.

Journal

Archives of General PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Oct 1, 1964

References