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Physical Activity and Performance at School

Physical Activity and Performance at School REVIEW ARTICLE A Systematic Review of the Literature Including a Methodological Quality Assessment Amika Singh, PhD; Le´onie Uijtdewilligen, MSc; Jos W. R. Twisk, PhD; Willem van Mechelen, PhD, MD; Mai J. M. Chinapaw, PhD Objective: To describe the prospective relationship be- Results: We identified 10 observational and 4 interven- tion studies. The quality score of the studies ranged from tween physical activity and academic performance. 22% to 75%. Two studies were scored as high quality. Methodological quality scores were particularly low for Data Sources: Prospective studies were identified from the reliability and validity of the measurement instru- searches in PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central, and ments. Based on the results of the best-evidence synthe- Sportdiscus from 1990 through 2010. sis, we found evidence of a significant longitudinal posi- tive relationship between physical activity and academic Study Selection: We screened the titles and abstracts performance. for eligibility, rated the methodological quality of the stud- ies, and extracted data. Conclusions:Participationinphysicalactivityispositively related to academic performance in children. Because we Main Exposure: Studies had to report at least 1 physi- foundonly2high-qualitystudies,futurehigh-qualitystud- cal activity or physical fitness measurement during child- iesareneededtoconfirmourfindings.Thesestudiesshould hood or adolescence. thoroughly examine the dose-response relationship be- tween physical activity and academic http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png JAMA Pediatrics American Medical Association

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright 2012 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.
ISSN
2168-6203
eISSN
2168-6211
DOI
10.1001/archpediatrics.2011.716
pmid
22213750
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

REVIEW ARTICLE A Systematic Review of the Literature Including a Methodological Quality Assessment Amika Singh, PhD; Le´onie Uijtdewilligen, MSc; Jos W. R. Twisk, PhD; Willem van Mechelen, PhD, MD; Mai J. M. Chinapaw, PhD Objective: To describe the prospective relationship be- Results: We identified 10 observational and 4 interven- tion studies. The quality score of the studies ranged from tween physical activity and academic performance. 22% to 75%. Two studies were scored as high quality. Methodological quality scores were particularly low for Data Sources: Prospective studies were identified from the reliability and validity of the measurement instru- searches in PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central, and ments. Based on the results of the best-evidence synthe- Sportdiscus from 1990 through 2010. sis, we found evidence of a significant longitudinal posi- tive relationship between physical activity and academic Study Selection: We screened the titles and abstracts performance. for eligibility, rated the methodological quality of the stud- ies, and extracted data. Conclusions:Participationinphysicalactivityispositively related to academic performance in children. Because we Main Exposure: Studies had to report at least 1 physi- foundonly2high-qualitystudies,futurehigh-qualitystud- cal activity or physical fitness measurement during child- iesareneededtoconfirmourfindings.Thesestudiesshould hood or adolescence. thoroughly examine the dose-response relationship be- tween physical activity and academic

Journal

JAMA PediatricsAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jan 1, 2012

References