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Phobia Questionnaire Responses and Urine Catecholamines

Phobia Questionnaire Responses and Urine Catecholamines Abstract MOST .OST psychoendocrine studies of the past have been characterized by comparison of stimulus conditions or clinical behavior ratings with endocrine measures. There are few studies in which objectively scored, self-administered psychological tests and chemical measurement of sympatho-adrenalmedullary output were combined.1,2 Measurement of affect in psycho endocrine investigation generally has been limited to the broad categories anxiety, anger, elation, and depression, with few attempts at further subdivision. This is a report in which an objective, self-administered psychological test was used in an attempt to define the relationship of urine catecholamines to two subdivisions of anxiety. The specific aim was to find, in urine epinephrine and norepinephrine excretion, a chemical distinction that paralleled the psychological distinction between separation and body-harm anxiety. The research also provided an opportunity to correlate a measure of trait anxiety (as expressed in phobias) with urinary catecholamine excretion, in References 1. Masuda, M., and Bakker, C.B.: Personality, Catecholamine Metabolites, and Psychophysiological Responses to Diazepam , J Psychiat Res 4:221-234 ( (Dec) ) 1966.Crossref 2. Roessler, R.; Burch, N.R.; and Mefferd, R.B., Jr.: Personality Correlates of Catecholamine Excretion Under Stress , J Psychosom Res 11:181-185 ( (Aug) ) 1967.Crossref 3. Chosy, J.J.; Graham, D.T.; and Lewis, W.C.: Correlation of Scores on Anxiety Tests With Urine Catecholamine and Steroid Excretion, to be published. 4. Dixon, J.; DeMonchaux, C.; and Sandler, J.: Patterns of Anxiety: The Phobias , Brit J Med Psychol 30:31-40, 1957. 5. Von Euler, U.S., and Lishajko, F.: Improved Technique for the Fluorimetric Estimation of Catecholamines , Acta Physiol Scand 51:348-356 ( (April) ) 1961.Crossref 6. Anton, A.H., and Sayre, D.F.: A study of the Factors Affecting the Aluminum Oxide-Trihydroxyindole Procedure for the Analysis of Catecholamines , J Pharm Exper Ther 138:360-375 ( (Dec) ) 1962. 7. Bonsnes, R.W., and Taussky, H.H.: On the Colorimetric Det. of Creatinine by the Joffe Reaction , J Biol Chem 158:581-591 ( (May) ) 1945. 8. Hickam, J.B.; Cargill, W.H.; and Golden, A.: Cardiovascular Reactions to Emotional Stimuli: Effect on the Cardiac Output, Arteriovenous Oxygen Differences, Arterial Pressure and Peripheral Resistance , J Clin Invest 27:290-298 ( (March) ) 1948.Crossref 9. Wolf, S., et al: Life Stress and Essential Hypertension: A Study of Circulatory Adjustments in Man , Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins Co., 1955. 10. Ax, A.: The Physiologic Differentiation Between Fear and Anger in Humans , Psychosom Med 15:433-442 ( (Sept-Oct) ) 1953.Crossref 11. Schachter, J.: Pain, Fear and Anger in Hypertensives and Normotensives: A Psychophysiologic Study , Psychosom Med 19:17-29 ( (Jan-Feb) ) 1957.Crossref 12. Funkenstein, D.H.; King, S.H.; and Drolette, M.: The Direction of Anger During a Laboratory Stress-Inducing Situation , Psychosom Med 16:404-414 ( (Sept-Oct) ) 1954.Crossref 13. Elmadjian, F.; Hope, J.M.; and Lamson, E.T.: Excretion of Epinephrine and Norepinephrine in Various Emotional States , J Clin Endocr 17:608-620 ( (May) ) 1957.Crossref 14. Elmadjian, F.; Hope, J.M.; and Lamson, E.T.: Excretion of Epinephrine and Norepinephrine Under Stress , Recent Progr Hormone Res 14:513-553, 1958. 15. Cohen, S.I., and Silverman, A.J.: Psychophysiological Investigations of Vascular Response Variability , Psychosom Res 3:185-210 ( (Jan) ) 1959.Crossref 16. Silverman, A.J., and Cohen, S.I.: Affect and Vascular Correlates to Catecholamines , Psychiat Res Rep 12:16-30, 1960. 17. Silverman, A.J., et al: " Catechol Amines in Psychophysiologic Studies ," in Recent Advances of Biological Psychiatry , vol 3, New York: Grune & Stratton, Inc., 1961, pp 104-117. 18. Von Euler, U.S., and Lundberg, U.: Effect of Flying on the Epinephrine Excretion in Air Force Personnel , J Appl Physiol 6:551-555 ( (March) ) 1954. 19. Von Euler, U.S., et al: Cortical and Medullary Adrenal Activity in Emotional Stress , Acta Endocr 30:567-573 ( (April) ) 1959. 20. Bloom, G., et al: Catecholamine Excretion and Personality Traits in Paratroop Trainees , Acta Physiol Scand 58:77-89 ( (May) ) 1963.Crossref 21. Levi, L.: A New Stress Tolerance Test With Simultaneous Study of Physiological and Psychological Variables , Acta Endocr 37:38-44 ( (May) ) 1961. 22. Levi, L.: The Urinary Output of Adrenalin and Noradrenalin During Experimentally Induced Emotional Stress in Clinically Different Groups: A Preliminary Report , Acta Psychother 2:218-227, 1963.Crossref 23. Levi, L.: The Stress of Everyday Work as Reflected in Productiveness, Subjective Feelings and Urinary Output of Adrenaline and Noradrenaline Under Salaried and Piece-work Conditions , J Psychosom Res 8:199-202 ( (Dec) ) 1964.Crossref 24. Levi, L.: The Urinary Output of Adrenaline and Noradrenaline During Pleasant and Unpleasant Emotional States , Psychosom Med 27:80-85 ( (Jan-Feb) ) 1965.Crossref 25. Frankenhaeuser, M.; sterky, K.; and Jaerpe, G.: Psychophysiological Relations in Habituation to Gravitational Stress , Percept and Motor Skills 15:63-72 ( (Aug) ) 1962.Crossref 26. Frankenhaeuser, M., and Post, B.: Catecholamine Excretion During Mental Work as Modified by Centrally Acting Drugs , Acta Physiol Scand 55:74-81 ( (May) ) 1962.Crossref 27. Frankenhaeuser, M., et al: Physiological, Behavioral, and Subjective Indices of Habituation to Psychological Stress , Physiol and Behavior 2:229-237, 1967.Crossref 28. Frankenhaeuser, M., et al: Catecholamine Excretion as Related to Cognitive and Emotional Reaction Patterns , Psychosom Med 30:109-120 ( (Jan-Feb) ) 1968.Crossref 29. Graham, L.A., et al: Urinary Catecholamine Excretion During Instrumental Conditioning , Psychosom Med 29:134-143 ( (March-April) ) 1967.Crossref 30. Mefferd, R.B., and Wieland, B.A.: Comparison of Responses to Anticipated Stress and Stress , Psychosom Med 28:795-807 ( (Nov-Dec) ) 1966.Crossref 31. Taylor, J.A.: A Personality Scale of Manifest Anxiety , J Abnorm Soc Psychol 48:285-290 ( (April) ) 1953.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of General Psychiatry American Medical Association

Phobia Questionnaire Responses and Urine Catecholamines

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1970 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-990X
eISSN
1598-3636
DOI
10.1001/archpsyc.1970.01740250060009
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Abstract

Abstract MOST .OST psychoendocrine studies of the past have been characterized by comparison of stimulus conditions or clinical behavior ratings with endocrine measures. There are few studies in which objectively scored, self-administered psychological tests and chemical measurement of sympatho-adrenalmedullary output were combined.1,2 Measurement of affect in psycho endocrine investigation generally has been limited to the broad categories anxiety, anger, elation, and depression, with few attempts at further subdivision. This is a report in which an objective, self-administered psychological test was used in an attempt to define the relationship of urine catecholamines to two subdivisions of anxiety. The specific aim was to find, in urine epinephrine and norepinephrine excretion, a chemical distinction that paralleled the psychological distinction between separation and body-harm anxiety. The research also provided an opportunity to correlate a measure of trait anxiety (as expressed in phobias) with urinary catecholamine excretion, in References 1. Masuda, M., and Bakker, C.B.: Personality, Catecholamine Metabolites, and Psychophysiological Responses to Diazepam , J Psychiat Res 4:221-234 ( (Dec) ) 1966.Crossref 2. Roessler, R.; Burch, N.R.; and Mefferd, R.B., Jr.: Personality Correlates of Catecholamine Excretion Under Stress , J Psychosom Res 11:181-185 ( (Aug) ) 1967.Crossref 3. Chosy, J.J.; Graham, D.T.; and Lewis, W.C.: Correlation of Scores on Anxiety Tests With Urine Catecholamine and Steroid Excretion, to be published. 4. Dixon, J.; DeMonchaux, C.; and Sandler, J.: Patterns of Anxiety: The Phobias , Brit J Med Psychol 30:31-40, 1957. 5. Von Euler, U.S., and Lishajko, F.: Improved Technique for the Fluorimetric Estimation of Catecholamines , Acta Physiol Scand 51:348-356 ( (April) ) 1961.Crossref 6. Anton, A.H., and Sayre, D.F.: A study of the Factors Affecting the Aluminum Oxide-Trihydroxyindole Procedure for the Analysis of Catecholamines , J Pharm Exper Ther 138:360-375 ( (Dec) ) 1962. 7. Bonsnes, R.W., and Taussky, H.H.: On the Colorimetric Det. of Creatinine by the Joffe Reaction , J Biol Chem 158:581-591 ( (May) ) 1945. 8. Hickam, J.B.; Cargill, W.H.; and Golden, A.: Cardiovascular Reactions to Emotional Stimuli: Effect on the Cardiac Output, Arteriovenous Oxygen Differences, Arterial Pressure and Peripheral Resistance , J Clin Invest 27:290-298 ( (March) ) 1948.Crossref 9. Wolf, S., et al: Life Stress and Essential Hypertension: A Study of Circulatory Adjustments in Man , Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins Co., 1955. 10. Ax, A.: The Physiologic Differentiation Between Fear and Anger in Humans , Psychosom Med 15:433-442 ( (Sept-Oct) ) 1953.Crossref 11. Schachter, J.: Pain, Fear and Anger in Hypertensives and Normotensives: A Psychophysiologic Study , Psychosom Med 19:17-29 ( (Jan-Feb) ) 1957.Crossref 12. Funkenstein, D.H.; King, S.H.; and Drolette, M.: The Direction of Anger During a Laboratory Stress-Inducing Situation , Psychosom Med 16:404-414 ( (Sept-Oct) ) 1954.Crossref 13. Elmadjian, F.; Hope, J.M.; and Lamson, E.T.: Excretion of Epinephrine and Norepinephrine in Various Emotional States , J Clin Endocr 17:608-620 ( (May) ) 1957.Crossref 14. Elmadjian, F.; Hope, J.M.; and Lamson, E.T.: Excretion of Epinephrine and Norepinephrine Under Stress , Recent Progr Hormone Res 14:513-553, 1958. 15. Cohen, S.I., and Silverman, A.J.: Psychophysiological Investigations of Vascular Response Variability , Psychosom Res 3:185-210 ( (Jan) ) 1959.Crossref 16. Silverman, A.J., and Cohen, S.I.: Affect and Vascular Correlates to Catecholamines , Psychiat Res Rep 12:16-30, 1960. 17. Silverman, A.J., et al: " Catechol Amines in Psychophysiologic Studies ," in Recent Advances of Biological Psychiatry , vol 3, New York: Grune & Stratton, Inc., 1961, pp 104-117. 18. Von Euler, U.S., and Lundberg, U.: Effect of Flying on the Epinephrine Excretion in Air Force Personnel , J Appl Physiol 6:551-555 ( (March) ) 1954. 19. Von Euler, U.S., et al: Cortical and Medullary Adrenal Activity in Emotional Stress , Acta Endocr 30:567-573 ( (April) ) 1959. 20. Bloom, G., et al: Catecholamine Excretion and Personality Traits in Paratroop Trainees , Acta Physiol Scand 58:77-89 ( (May) ) 1963.Crossref 21. Levi, L.: A New Stress Tolerance Test With Simultaneous Study of Physiological and Psychological Variables , Acta Endocr 37:38-44 ( (May) ) 1961. 22. Levi, L.: The Urinary Output of Adrenalin and Noradrenalin During Experimentally Induced Emotional Stress in Clinically Different Groups: A Preliminary Report , Acta Psychother 2:218-227, 1963.Crossref 23. Levi, L.: The Stress of Everyday Work as Reflected in Productiveness, Subjective Feelings and Urinary Output of Adrenaline and Noradrenaline Under Salaried and Piece-work Conditions , J Psychosom Res 8:199-202 ( (Dec) ) 1964.Crossref 24. Levi, L.: The Urinary Output of Adrenaline and Noradrenaline During Pleasant and Unpleasant Emotional States , Psychosom Med 27:80-85 ( (Jan-Feb) ) 1965.Crossref 25. Frankenhaeuser, M.; sterky, K.; and Jaerpe, G.: Psychophysiological Relations in Habituation to Gravitational Stress , Percept and Motor Skills 15:63-72 ( (Aug) ) 1962.Crossref 26. Frankenhaeuser, M., and Post, B.: Catecholamine Excretion During Mental Work as Modified by Centrally Acting Drugs , Acta Physiol Scand 55:74-81 ( (May) ) 1962.Crossref 27. Frankenhaeuser, M., et al: Physiological, Behavioral, and Subjective Indices of Habituation to Psychological Stress , Physiol and Behavior 2:229-237, 1967.Crossref 28. Frankenhaeuser, M., et al: Catecholamine Excretion as Related to Cognitive and Emotional Reaction Patterns , Psychosom Med 30:109-120 ( (Jan-Feb) ) 1968.Crossref 29. Graham, L.A., et al: Urinary Catecholamine Excretion During Instrumental Conditioning , Psychosom Med 29:134-143 ( (March-April) ) 1967.Crossref 30. Mefferd, R.B., and Wieland, B.A.: Comparison of Responses to Anticipated Stress and Stress , Psychosom Med 28:795-807 ( (Nov-Dec) ) 1966.Crossref 31. Taylor, J.A.: A Personality Scale of Manifest Anxiety , J Abnorm Soc Psychol 48:285-290 ( (April) ) 1953.Crossref

Journal

Archives of General PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jan 1, 1970

References