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Persulfate Hair Bleach Reactions: Cutaneous and Respiratory Manifestations

Persulfate Hair Bleach Reactions: Cutaneous and Respiratory Manifestations Abstract † Ammonium persulfate is widely used to "boost" peroxide hair bleaches. These persulfates can produce a variety of cutaneous and respiratory responses, including allergic eczematous contact dermatitis, irritant dermatitis, localized edema, generalized urticaria, rhinitis, asthma, and syncope. Some of these reactions appear to be truly allergic while others appear to be due to the release of histamine on a nonallergic basis. Patch tests may be performed with 2% to 5% aqueous solution of ammonium persulfate. Scratch tests may result in asthma and syncope. In some patients, merely rubbing a saturated solution of ammonium persulfate into the skin will evoke a large urticarial wheal. Hairdressers should be made aware that these ammonium persulfate hair bleach preparations may provoke severe reactions and should seek medical attention if the client complains of severe itching, tingling, a burning sensation, hives, dizziness, or weakness. (Arch Dermatol 112:1407-1409, 1976) References 1. Bonnevie P: Aetologie und Pathogenese der Eczemkrankheit . Kopenhagen, Nyt Nordisk Forlag, 1939. 2. Schulz KH: Occupational disease . Z Haut Geschlechtskr 42:499-509, 1967. 3. Forck G: Occurrence and persistence of persulfate allergy . Berufsdermatosen 16:84-92, 1968. 4. Calnan CD, Shuster S: Reactions to ammonium persulfate . Arch Dermatol 88:812-815, 1963.Crossref 5. Gaultier R, Gervaise P, Mellario F: Two causes of occupational asthma and urticaria in hair dressers: Persulfate and silk . Arch Mal Prof 27:809-813, 1966. 6. Meindl K, Meyer R: Asthma and urticaria in hair dressers caused by bleaching agents containing persulfates . Zentralbl Arbeitsmed 3:75-79, 1969. 7. Brubaker MM: Urticarial reactions to ammonium persulfate . Arch Dermatol 106:413-414, 1972.Crossref 8. Peiffer J, Hunziker N, Brun R, et al: Unusual contact dermatoses . Dermatologica 148:289, 1974. 9. Brun R, Jadassohn W, Paillard R: Epicutaneous test with immediate type reaction to ammonium persulfate . Dermatologica 133:89-90, 1966.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Dermatology American Medical Association

Persulfate Hair Bleach Reactions: Cutaneous and Respiratory Manifestations

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1976 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-987X
eISSN
1538-3652
DOI
10.1001/archderm.1976.01630340025007
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract † Ammonium persulfate is widely used to "boost" peroxide hair bleaches. These persulfates can produce a variety of cutaneous and respiratory responses, including allergic eczematous contact dermatitis, irritant dermatitis, localized edema, generalized urticaria, rhinitis, asthma, and syncope. Some of these reactions appear to be truly allergic while others appear to be due to the release of histamine on a nonallergic basis. Patch tests may be performed with 2% to 5% aqueous solution of ammonium persulfate. Scratch tests may result in asthma and syncope. In some patients, merely rubbing a saturated solution of ammonium persulfate into the skin will evoke a large urticarial wheal. Hairdressers should be made aware that these ammonium persulfate hair bleach preparations may provoke severe reactions and should seek medical attention if the client complains of severe itching, tingling, a burning sensation, hives, dizziness, or weakness. (Arch Dermatol 112:1407-1409, 1976) References 1. Bonnevie P: Aetologie und Pathogenese der Eczemkrankheit . Kopenhagen, Nyt Nordisk Forlag, 1939. 2. Schulz KH: Occupational disease . Z Haut Geschlechtskr 42:499-509, 1967. 3. Forck G: Occurrence and persistence of persulfate allergy . Berufsdermatosen 16:84-92, 1968. 4. Calnan CD, Shuster S: Reactions to ammonium persulfate . Arch Dermatol 88:812-815, 1963.Crossref 5. Gaultier R, Gervaise P, Mellario F: Two causes of occupational asthma and urticaria in hair dressers: Persulfate and silk . Arch Mal Prof 27:809-813, 1966. 6. Meindl K, Meyer R: Asthma and urticaria in hair dressers caused by bleaching agents containing persulfates . Zentralbl Arbeitsmed 3:75-79, 1969. 7. Brubaker MM: Urticarial reactions to ammonium persulfate . Arch Dermatol 106:413-414, 1972.Crossref 8. Peiffer J, Hunziker N, Brun R, et al: Unusual contact dermatoses . Dermatologica 148:289, 1974. 9. Brun R, Jadassohn W, Paillard R: Epicutaneous test with immediate type reaction to ammonium persulfate . Dermatologica 133:89-90, 1966.Crossref

Journal

Archives of DermatologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Oct 1, 1976

References