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Personal Computer-Based 3-Dimensional Ultrasound Biomicroscopy of the Anterior Segment

Personal Computer-Based 3-Dimensional Ultrasound Biomicroscopy of the Anterior Segment Abstract Objective: To develop a practical, inexpensive system for 3-dimensional ultrasound biomicroscopic imaging of the anterior segment with a commercially available high-frequency ultrasound imager and a personal computer. Methods: Sequential, high-frequency, ultrasound biomicroscopic images of the anterior segment were obtained with a motorized scanning control arm designed in our imaging laboratory. Images were acquired by a personal computer—based video capture device. Ultrasound slice data were then reconstructed as 3-dimensional volumetric images by a personal computer and commercially available software. Results: Four 3-dimensional visualization formats were developed to enhance the clinical utility of high-frequency ultrasound. Rotational animation sequences were created that detailed the extent and anatomy of a filtering bleb, intraocular lens subluxation, focal angle closure from an iridociliary cyst, intraocular foreign bodies, and an iris tumor. Conclusions: Three-dimensional, high-frequency ultrasound of the anterior segment enhances our ability to visualize spatial relationships between adjacent anatomic structures. The low cost and ease of use of this system make widespread clinical application practical. References 1. Pavlin CJ, McWhae JA, McGowan HD, Foster S. Ultrasound biomicroscopy of anterior segment tumors . Ophthalmology . 1992;99:1220-1228.Crossref 2. Pavlin CJ, Harasiewicz K, Sherar MD, Foster FS. Clinical use of ultrasound biomicroscopy . Ophthalmology . 1991;98:287-295.Crossref 3. Pavlin CJ, Ritch R, Foster FS. Ultrasound biomicroscopy in plateau iris syndrome . Am J Ophthalmol . 1992;113:390-395. 4. Pavlin CJ, Easterbrook M, Hurwitz JJ, et al. Ultrasound biomicroscopy in the assessment of anterior scleral disease . Am J Ophthalmol . 1993;116:628-635. 5. Potash SD, Tello C, Liebmann J, Ritch R. Ultrasound biomicroscopy in pigment dispersion syndrome . Ophthalmology . 1994;101:332-339.Crossref 6. Tello C, Chi T, Shepps G, et al. Ultrasound biomicroscopy in pseudophakic malignant glaucoma . Ophthalmology . 1993;100:1330-1334.Crossref 7. Liebmann JM, Tello C, Chew S-J, et al. Prevention of blinking alters iris configuration in pigment dispersion syndrome and in normal eyes . Ophthalmology . 1995;102:446-455.Crossref 8. Pavlin CJ, Rootman D, Arshinoff S, et al. Determination of haptic position of transsclerally fixated posterior chamber intraocular lenses by ultrasound biomicroscopy . J Cataract Refract Surg . 1993;19:573-577.Crossref 9. Nouby-Mahmoud G, Silverman RH, Coleman DJ. Using high frequency ultrasound to characterize intraocular foreign bodies . Ophthalmic Surg . 1993;24:94-99. 10. Coleman KJ, Woods S, Rondeau MJ, Silverman RH. Ophthalmic ultrasonography . Radiol Clin North Am . 1992;30:1105-1114. 11. Hamper UM, Trapanotto V, DeJong MR, Caskey CI. Three-dimensional ultrasound: preliminary clinical experience . Radiology . 1994;191:397-401.Crossref 12. Vannier MW. Digital imaging, image processing, and three-dimensional computer graphics for radiology . Curr Opin Radiol . 1992;4:1-10. 13. Klein HM, Gunther RW, Verlande M, et al. Three-dimensional surface reconstruction of intravascular ultrasound images using personal computer hardware and a motorized catheter control . Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol . 1992;15:97-101.Crossref 14. Desai R, Buckley JC, Pearce JA. A real-time multi-processor three-dimensional echocardiographic reconstruction system . Biomed Sci Instrumentation . 1993;29:377-383. 15. Stiller MJ, Driller J, Shupack JL, et al. Three-dimensional imaging for diagnostic ultrasound in dermatology . J Am Acad Dermatol . 1993;29:171-175.Crossref 16. Stiller MJ, Gropper CA, Shupack JL, et al. Diagnostic ultrasound in dermatology: current uses and future potential . Cutis . 1994;53:44-48. 17. Balen FG, Allen CM, Gardener JE, et al. Three-dimensional reconstruction of ultrasound images of the uterine cavity . Br J Radiol . 1993;66:588-591.Crossref 18. Sherar MD, Foster FS. A 100 MHz PVDF ultrasound microscope with biological applications . Acoust Imaging . 1988;16:511-520. 19. Sherar MD, Foster FS. The design and fabrication of high frequency poly (vinylidene fluoride) transducers . Ultrason Imaging . 1989;11:75-94.Crossref 20. Pavlin CJ, Sherar MD, Foster FS. Subsurface ultrasound microscopic imaging of the intact eye . Ophthalmology . 1990;97:244-250.Crossref 21. Tello C, Liebmann J, Ritch R. An improved coupling medium for ultrasound biomicroscopy . Ophthalmic Surg . 1994;25:410-411. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

Personal Computer-Based 3-Dimensional Ultrasound Biomicroscopy of the Anterior Segment

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1996 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1996.01100130512001
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Objective: To develop a practical, inexpensive system for 3-dimensional ultrasound biomicroscopic imaging of the anterior segment with a commercially available high-frequency ultrasound imager and a personal computer. Methods: Sequential, high-frequency, ultrasound biomicroscopic images of the anterior segment were obtained with a motorized scanning control arm designed in our imaging laboratory. Images were acquired by a personal computer—based video capture device. Ultrasound slice data were then reconstructed as 3-dimensional volumetric images by a personal computer and commercially available software. Results: Four 3-dimensional visualization formats were developed to enhance the clinical utility of high-frequency ultrasound. Rotational animation sequences were created that detailed the extent and anatomy of a filtering bleb, intraocular lens subluxation, focal angle closure from an iridociliary cyst, intraocular foreign bodies, and an iris tumor. Conclusions: Three-dimensional, high-frequency ultrasound of the anterior segment enhances our ability to visualize spatial relationships between adjacent anatomic structures. The low cost and ease of use of this system make widespread clinical application practical. References 1. Pavlin CJ, McWhae JA, McGowan HD, Foster S. Ultrasound biomicroscopy of anterior segment tumors . Ophthalmology . 1992;99:1220-1228.Crossref 2. Pavlin CJ, Harasiewicz K, Sherar MD, Foster FS. Clinical use of ultrasound biomicroscopy . Ophthalmology . 1991;98:287-295.Crossref 3. Pavlin CJ, Ritch R, Foster FS. Ultrasound biomicroscopy in plateau iris syndrome . Am J Ophthalmol . 1992;113:390-395. 4. Pavlin CJ, Easterbrook M, Hurwitz JJ, et al. Ultrasound biomicroscopy in the assessment of anterior scleral disease . Am J Ophthalmol . 1993;116:628-635. 5. Potash SD, Tello C, Liebmann J, Ritch R. Ultrasound biomicroscopy in pigment dispersion syndrome . Ophthalmology . 1994;101:332-339.Crossref 6. Tello C, Chi T, Shepps G, et al. Ultrasound biomicroscopy in pseudophakic malignant glaucoma . Ophthalmology . 1993;100:1330-1334.Crossref 7. Liebmann JM, Tello C, Chew S-J, et al. Prevention of blinking alters iris configuration in pigment dispersion syndrome and in normal eyes . Ophthalmology . 1995;102:446-455.Crossref 8. Pavlin CJ, Rootman D, Arshinoff S, et al. Determination of haptic position of transsclerally fixated posterior chamber intraocular lenses by ultrasound biomicroscopy . J Cataract Refract Surg . 1993;19:573-577.Crossref 9. Nouby-Mahmoud G, Silverman RH, Coleman DJ. Using high frequency ultrasound to characterize intraocular foreign bodies . Ophthalmic Surg . 1993;24:94-99. 10. Coleman KJ, Woods S, Rondeau MJ, Silverman RH. Ophthalmic ultrasonography . Radiol Clin North Am . 1992;30:1105-1114. 11. Hamper UM, Trapanotto V, DeJong MR, Caskey CI. Three-dimensional ultrasound: preliminary clinical experience . Radiology . 1994;191:397-401.Crossref 12. Vannier MW. Digital imaging, image processing, and three-dimensional computer graphics for radiology . Curr Opin Radiol . 1992;4:1-10. 13. Klein HM, Gunther RW, Verlande M, et al. Three-dimensional surface reconstruction of intravascular ultrasound images using personal computer hardware and a motorized catheter control . Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol . 1992;15:97-101.Crossref 14. Desai R, Buckley JC, Pearce JA. A real-time multi-processor three-dimensional echocardiographic reconstruction system . Biomed Sci Instrumentation . 1993;29:377-383. 15. Stiller MJ, Driller J, Shupack JL, et al. Three-dimensional imaging for diagnostic ultrasound in dermatology . J Am Acad Dermatol . 1993;29:171-175.Crossref 16. Stiller MJ, Gropper CA, Shupack JL, et al. Diagnostic ultrasound in dermatology: current uses and future potential . Cutis . 1994;53:44-48. 17. Balen FG, Allen CM, Gardener JE, et al. Three-dimensional reconstruction of ultrasound images of the uterine cavity . Br J Radiol . 1993;66:588-591.Crossref 18. Sherar MD, Foster FS. A 100 MHz PVDF ultrasound microscope with biological applications . Acoust Imaging . 1988;16:511-520. 19. Sherar MD, Foster FS. The design and fabrication of high frequency poly (vinylidene fluoride) transducers . Ultrason Imaging . 1989;11:75-94.Crossref 20. Pavlin CJ, Sherar MD, Foster FS. Subsurface ultrasound microscopic imaging of the intact eye . Ophthalmology . 1990;97:244-250.Crossref 21. Tello C, Liebmann J, Ritch R. An improved coupling medium for ultrasound biomicroscopy . Ophthalmic Surg . 1994;25:410-411.

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: May 1, 1996

References