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Permanent Visual Impairment in Childhood Pseudotumor Cerebri

Permanent Visual Impairment in Childhood Pseudotumor Cerebri Abstract • Contrary to statements in the literature, youth does not seem to confer protection from visual loss in pseudotumor cerebri. We examined five children and adolescents who suffered permanent loss of visual acuity or field in association with this disorder. All of them had impairment at the time of diagnosis, and two of the five developed further visual failure while under observation. Children and adolescents with pseudotumor should be kept under the same close ophthalmic surveillance as has been advocated for adults with this disease. References 1. Corbett JJ, Savino PJ, Thompson HS, et al: Visual loss in pseudotumor cerebri . Arch Neurol 1982;39:461-474.Crossref 2. Boddie BL, Banna M, Bradley WG: Benign intracranial hypertension: A survey of the clinical and radiological features, and long-term prognosis . Brain 1974;97:313-326.Crossref 3. Johnston I, Paterson A: Benign intracranial hypertension: I. Diagnosis and prognosis . Brain 1974;97:289-300.Crossref 4. Rush JA: Pseudotumor cerebri: Clinical profile and visual outcome in 63 patients . Mayo Clin Proc 1980;55:541-546. 5. Orcutt JC, Page NG, Sanders MD: Factors affecting visual loss in benign intracranial hypertension . Ophthalmology 1984;91:1303-1312.Crossref 6. Keltner JL, Miller NR, Gittinger JW, et al: Pseudotumor cerebri . Surv Ophthalmol 1979;23:315-322.Crossref 7. Rose A, Matson DD: Benign intracranial hypertension in children . Pediatrics 1967;39:227-237. 8. Greer M: Benign intracranial hypertension: I. Mastoiditis and lateral sinus obstruction . Neurology 1962;12:472-476.Crossref 9. Greer M: Benign intracranial hypertension: II. Following corticosteroid therapy . Neurology 1963;13:439-441.Crossref 10. Hagberg B, Sillanpaa M: Benign intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri) . Acta Paediatr Scand 1970;59:328-339.Crossref 11. Grant DN: Benign intracranial hypertension: A review of 79 cases in infancy and childhood . Arch Dis Child 1971;46:651-655.Crossref 12. Weisberg LA, Chutorian AM: Pseudotumor cerebri of childhood . AJDC 1977;131:1243-1248. 13. Szenasy J, Paraicz E: Benign intracranial hypertension of uncertain origin . Acta Paediatr Hung 1979;20:285-290. 14. Couch R, Camfield PR, Tibbles JAR: The changing picture of pseudotumor cerebri in children . Can J Neurol Sci 1985;12:48-50. 15. Baker RS, Carter D, Hendrick EB, et al: Visual loss in pseudotumor cerebri: A follow-up study . Arch Ophthalmol 1985;103:1681-1686.Crossref 16. Wall M, Hart WM, Burde RM: Visual fields in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri) . Am J Ophthalmol 1983;96:654-669. 17. Gutgold-Glen H, Kattah JC, Chavis RM: Reversible visual loss in pseudotumor cerebri . Arch Ophthalmol 1984;102:403-406.Crossref 18. Kirkham TH, Coupland SG: Abnormal electroretinograms and visual evoked potentials in chronic papilledema using time-difference analysis . Can J Neurol Sci 1981;8:243-249. 19. Sorenson PS, Trojaborg W, Gjerris F, et al: Visual evoked potentials in pseudotumor cerebri . Arch Neurol 1985;42:150-155.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Neurology American Medical Association

Permanent Visual Impairment in Childhood Pseudotumor Cerebri

Archives of Neurology , Volume 43 (8) – Aug 1, 1986

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1986 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9942
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archneur.1986.00520080045018
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract • Contrary to statements in the literature, youth does not seem to confer protection from visual loss in pseudotumor cerebri. We examined five children and adolescents who suffered permanent loss of visual acuity or field in association with this disorder. All of them had impairment at the time of diagnosis, and two of the five developed further visual failure while under observation. Children and adolescents with pseudotumor should be kept under the same close ophthalmic surveillance as has been advocated for adults with this disease. References 1. Corbett JJ, Savino PJ, Thompson HS, et al: Visual loss in pseudotumor cerebri . Arch Neurol 1982;39:461-474.Crossref 2. Boddie BL, Banna M, Bradley WG: Benign intracranial hypertension: A survey of the clinical and radiological features, and long-term prognosis . Brain 1974;97:313-326.Crossref 3. Johnston I, Paterson A: Benign intracranial hypertension: I. Diagnosis and prognosis . Brain 1974;97:289-300.Crossref 4. Rush JA: Pseudotumor cerebri: Clinical profile and visual outcome in 63 patients . Mayo Clin Proc 1980;55:541-546. 5. Orcutt JC, Page NG, Sanders MD: Factors affecting visual loss in benign intracranial hypertension . Ophthalmology 1984;91:1303-1312.Crossref 6. Keltner JL, Miller NR, Gittinger JW, et al: Pseudotumor cerebri . Surv Ophthalmol 1979;23:315-322.Crossref 7. Rose A, Matson DD: Benign intracranial hypertension in children . Pediatrics 1967;39:227-237. 8. Greer M: Benign intracranial hypertension: I. Mastoiditis and lateral sinus obstruction . Neurology 1962;12:472-476.Crossref 9. Greer M: Benign intracranial hypertension: II. Following corticosteroid therapy . Neurology 1963;13:439-441.Crossref 10. Hagberg B, Sillanpaa M: Benign intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri) . Acta Paediatr Scand 1970;59:328-339.Crossref 11. Grant DN: Benign intracranial hypertension: A review of 79 cases in infancy and childhood . Arch Dis Child 1971;46:651-655.Crossref 12. Weisberg LA, Chutorian AM: Pseudotumor cerebri of childhood . AJDC 1977;131:1243-1248. 13. Szenasy J, Paraicz E: Benign intracranial hypertension of uncertain origin . Acta Paediatr Hung 1979;20:285-290. 14. Couch R, Camfield PR, Tibbles JAR: The changing picture of pseudotumor cerebri in children . Can J Neurol Sci 1985;12:48-50. 15. Baker RS, Carter D, Hendrick EB, et al: Visual loss in pseudotumor cerebri: A follow-up study . Arch Ophthalmol 1985;103:1681-1686.Crossref 16. Wall M, Hart WM, Burde RM: Visual fields in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri) . Am J Ophthalmol 1983;96:654-669. 17. Gutgold-Glen H, Kattah JC, Chavis RM: Reversible visual loss in pseudotumor cerebri . Arch Ophthalmol 1984;102:403-406.Crossref 18. Kirkham TH, Coupland SG: Abnormal electroretinograms and visual evoked potentials in chronic papilledema using time-difference analysis . Can J Neurol Sci 1981;8:243-249. 19. Sorenson PS, Trojaborg W, Gjerris F, et al: Visual evoked potentials in pseudotumor cerebri . Arch Neurol 1985;42:150-155.Crossref

Journal

Archives of NeurologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Aug 1, 1986

References