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PERIPHERAL VENOUS BLOOD PRESSURE IN SCHIZOPHRENIC AND IN NORMAL SUBJECTS

PERIPHERAL VENOUS BLOOD PRESSURE IN SCHIZOPHRENIC AND IN NORMAL SUBJECTS Abstract Several deviations from normal standards have been noted in the cardiovascular functions of schizophrenic patients.1 The venous blood pressure seems to have received little attention. It was decided, therefore, to determine whether there are any differences between the venous blood pressure of schizophrenic patients and that of normal persons and whether peripheral cyanosis bears any detectable relationship to the level of the venous blood pressure. As regards normal subjects, Moritz and von Tabora,2 Blumgart3 and Taylor and his associates4 reported 10 cm. of water as the upper limit; Villaret and his colleagues5 placed the upper limit at 13 cm., while Bedford and Wright6 found that forty-one of forty-seven values for normal subjects ranged between 5 and 15 cm. of water. Rothman7 stated that the normal venous blood pressure is between 4 and 6 cm., while Brown8 found from 3 to 9 cm. References 1. Hoskins, R. G., and Jellinek, E. M.: The Schizophrenic Personality with Special Regard to Psychologic and Organic Concomitants , A. Research Nerv. & Ment. Dis., Proc. 14:211, 1933. 2. Freeman, H.; Hoskins, R. G., and Sleeper, F. H.: The Blood Pressure in Schizophrenia , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 27:333 ( (Feb.) ) 1932. 3. Freeman, H.: The Arm-to-Carotid Circulation Time in Normal and Schizophrenic Subjects , Psychiatric Quart. 8:290 ( (April) ) 1934. 4. Freeman, H., and Carmichael, H. T.: A Pharmacodynamic Investigation of the Autonomic Nervous System in Schizophrenia: I. Effect of Intravenous Injections of Epinephrine on the Blood Pressure and Pulse Rate , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 33:342 ( (Feb.) ) 1935. 5. Moritz and von Tabora: Deutsches Arch. f. klin. Med. 98:745, 1910. 6. Blumgart, H. L., and Weiss, S.: Studies on Velocity of Blood Flow , J. Clin. Investigation 4:15 ( (April) ) 1927. 7. Taylor, F. A.; Thomas, A. B., and Schleiter, H. G.: Direct Method for Estimation of Venous Blood Pressure , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 27:867 ( (May) ) 1930. 8. Villaret, M., and others: Contribution a l'étude clinique de la tension veineuse , Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 84:80, 1921. 9. Bedford, D. E., and Wright, S.: Venous Pressure in Normal Individuals , Lancet 2:106 ( (July 19) ) 1924. 10. Rothman, H. R.: Venous Pressure and Its Clinical Significance , J. Oklahoma M. A. 26:253 ( (July) ) 1933. 11. Brown, N. W.: Simple Method of Venous Pressure Determination , Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 29:93 ( (April) ) 1918. 12. Griffith, G. C.; Chamberlain, C. T., and Kitchell, J. R.: A Simplified Apparatus for Direct Venous Pressure Determination Modified from Moritz and von Tabora , Am. J. M. Sc. 187:371 ( (March) ) 1934. 13. Martinengo, V.: La pressione venosa periferica nelle schizofrenie , Schizofrenie 2:157 ( (June) ) 1933. 14. Claude, H.; Targowla, R., and LaMache, A.: Les variations de la tension veineuse au cours de psychopathies , Presse méd. 34:1193, 1926. 15. Frank and Reh: Ztschr. f. exper. Path. u. Therap. 10:241, 1912. 16. Frey, A.: Ueber die Bedeutung der Venendruckmessung und so weiter , Deutsches Arch. f. klin. Med. 73:533, 1902. 17. Gaertner, G.: Die Messung des Druckes im rechten Vorhof , München. med. Wchnschr. 50:2038, 1903. 18. Moritz and von Tabora.2 19. Taylor and others.4 20. Villaret and others.5 21. Evans, W.: Venous Pressure , New England J. Med. 207:934 ( (Nov. 24) ) 1932. 22. Fisher, R. A.: Statistical Methods for Research Workers , ed. 3, London, Oliver & Boyd, 1930. 23. Carmichael, H. T., and Linder, F. E.: The Relation Between Oral and Rectal Temperatures in Normal and Schizophrenic Subjects , Am. J. M. Sc. 188: 68 ( (July) ) 1934. 24. Kuntz, A.: The Autonomic Nervous System , Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1929, chap. 7. 25. Howell, W. H.: A Text-Book of Physiology , ed. 12, Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1933, pp. 646 and 666. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry American Medical Association

PERIPHERAL VENOUS BLOOD PRESSURE IN SCHIZOPHRENIC AND IN NORMAL SUBJECTS

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1936 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6754
DOI
10.1001/archneurpsyc.1936.02260020098008
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Abstract

Abstract Several deviations from normal standards have been noted in the cardiovascular functions of schizophrenic patients.1 The venous blood pressure seems to have received little attention. It was decided, therefore, to determine whether there are any differences between the venous blood pressure of schizophrenic patients and that of normal persons and whether peripheral cyanosis bears any detectable relationship to the level of the venous blood pressure. As regards normal subjects, Moritz and von Tabora,2 Blumgart3 and Taylor and his associates4 reported 10 cm. of water as the upper limit; Villaret and his colleagues5 placed the upper limit at 13 cm., while Bedford and Wright6 found that forty-one of forty-seven values for normal subjects ranged between 5 and 15 cm. of water. Rothman7 stated that the normal venous blood pressure is between 4 and 6 cm., while Brown8 found from 3 to 9 cm. References 1. Hoskins, R. G., and Jellinek, E. M.: The Schizophrenic Personality with Special Regard to Psychologic and Organic Concomitants , A. Research Nerv. & Ment. Dis., Proc. 14:211, 1933. 2. Freeman, H.; Hoskins, R. G., and Sleeper, F. H.: The Blood Pressure in Schizophrenia , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 27:333 ( (Feb.) ) 1932. 3. Freeman, H.: The Arm-to-Carotid Circulation Time in Normal and Schizophrenic Subjects , Psychiatric Quart. 8:290 ( (April) ) 1934. 4. Freeman, H., and Carmichael, H. T.: A Pharmacodynamic Investigation of the Autonomic Nervous System in Schizophrenia: I. Effect of Intravenous Injections of Epinephrine on the Blood Pressure and Pulse Rate , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 33:342 ( (Feb.) ) 1935. 5. Moritz and von Tabora: Deutsches Arch. f. klin. Med. 98:745, 1910. 6. Blumgart, H. L., and Weiss, S.: Studies on Velocity of Blood Flow , J. Clin. Investigation 4:15 ( (April) ) 1927. 7. Taylor, F. A.; Thomas, A. B., and Schleiter, H. G.: Direct Method for Estimation of Venous Blood Pressure , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 27:867 ( (May) ) 1930. 8. Villaret, M., and others: Contribution a l'étude clinique de la tension veineuse , Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 84:80, 1921. 9. Bedford, D. E., and Wright, S.: Venous Pressure in Normal Individuals , Lancet 2:106 ( (July 19) ) 1924. 10. Rothman, H. R.: Venous Pressure and Its Clinical Significance , J. Oklahoma M. A. 26:253 ( (July) ) 1933. 11. Brown, N. W.: Simple Method of Venous Pressure Determination , Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 29:93 ( (April) ) 1918. 12. Griffith, G. C.; Chamberlain, C. T., and Kitchell, J. R.: A Simplified Apparatus for Direct Venous Pressure Determination Modified from Moritz and von Tabora , Am. J. M. Sc. 187:371 ( (March) ) 1934. 13. Martinengo, V.: La pressione venosa periferica nelle schizofrenie , Schizofrenie 2:157 ( (June) ) 1933. 14. Claude, H.; Targowla, R., and LaMache, A.: Les variations de la tension veineuse au cours de psychopathies , Presse méd. 34:1193, 1926. 15. Frank and Reh: Ztschr. f. exper. Path. u. Therap. 10:241, 1912. 16. Frey, A.: Ueber die Bedeutung der Venendruckmessung und so weiter , Deutsches Arch. f. klin. Med. 73:533, 1902. 17. Gaertner, G.: Die Messung des Druckes im rechten Vorhof , München. med. Wchnschr. 50:2038, 1903. 18. Moritz and von Tabora.2 19. Taylor and others.4 20. Villaret and others.5 21. Evans, W.: Venous Pressure , New England J. Med. 207:934 ( (Nov. 24) ) 1932. 22. Fisher, R. A.: Statistical Methods for Research Workers , ed. 3, London, Oliver & Boyd, 1930. 23. Carmichael, H. T., and Linder, F. E.: The Relation Between Oral and Rectal Temperatures in Normal and Schizophrenic Subjects , Am. J. M. Sc. 188: 68 ( (July) ) 1934. 24. Kuntz, A.: The Autonomic Nervous System , Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1929, chap. 7. 25. Howell, W. H.: A Text-Book of Physiology , ed. 12, Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1933, pp. 646 and 666.

Journal

Archives of Neurology & PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Feb 1, 1936

References