Abstract VARIOUS types of mediastinal and pericardial cysts have been described and reviewed in the literature. However, Lambert1 was first to offer a simple embryologic explanation of the pericardial celomic cyst, which served to correlate all the conflicting and confusing data on thin-walled cystic lesions of the anterior mediastinum. The following presentation illustrates an interesting case of pericardial celomic cyst treated successfully by surgical excision. REPORT OF CASE M. R., a 31 year old white man, was admitted to the Veterans Administration Hospital, Des Moines, Iowa, on May 18, 1948. In February 1946 a routine roentgenogram of the chest had disclosed a well circumscribed mass present in the left lower pulmonary field. A diaphragmatic hernia was suspected, inasmuch as there were no pulmonary symptoms, but roentgenograms of the gastrointestinal tract failed to substantiate such a diagnosis. During the ensuing two year period repeated roentgenograms of the chest showed essentially no References 1. Lambert, A. V. S.: Etiology of Thin-Walled Thoracic Cysts , J. Thoracic Surg. 10:1, 1940. 2. Leahy, L. J., and Culver, G. J.: Pericardial Coelomic Cyst , J. Thoracic Surg. 16:695, 1947. 3. Lam, C. R.: Pericardial Celomic Cysts , Radiology 48:239, 1947.Crossref 4. Tracy, F. E.: Calcified Cyst of the Pericardium , Connecticut State M. J. 6:103, 1942. 5. Wright, A. D.: Calcified Cyst of the Pericardium , Brit. J. Surg. 23:612, 1936.Crossref 6. Laipply, T. C.: Cysts and Cystic Tumors of the Mediastinum , Arch. Path. 39:153 ( (March) ) 1945.
Archives of Surgery – American Medical Association
Published: May 1, 1950