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Patterns of Abuse Among Unintentional Pharmaceutical Overdose Fatalities

Patterns of Abuse Among Unintentional Pharmaceutical Overdose Fatalities ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Patterns of Abuse Among Unintentional Pharmaceutical Overdose Fatalities Aron J. Hall, DVM, MSPH Context Use and abuse of prescription narcotic analgesics have increased dramati- Joseph E. Logan, PhD cally in the United States since 1990. The effect of this pharmacoepidemic has been most pronounced in rural states, including West Virginia, which experienced the na- Robin L. Toblin, PhD, MPH tion’s largest increase in drug overdose mortality rates during 1999-2004. James A. Kaplan, MD Objective To evaluate the risk characteristics of persons dying of unintentional phar- James C. Kraner, PhD maceutical overdose in West Virginia, the types of drugs involved, and the role of drug abuse in the deaths. Danae Bixler, MD, MPH Design, Setting, and Participants Population-based, observational study using Alex E. Crosby, MD, MPH data from medical examiner, prescription drug monitoring program, and opiate treat- Leonard J. Paulozzi, MD, MPH ment program records. The study population was all state residents who died of un- intentional pharmaceutical overdoses in West Virginia in 2006. N 1997, 2 EXPERT PANELS IN THE Main Outcome Measures Rates and rate ratios for selected demographic variables. United States introduced clinical Prevalence of specific drugs among decedents and proportion that had been prescribed http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png JAMA American Medical Association

Patterns of Abuse Among Unintentional Pharmaceutical Overdose Fatalities

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright 2008 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.
ISSN
0098-7484
eISSN
1538-3598
DOI
10.1001/jama.2008.802
pmid
19066381
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Patterns of Abuse Among Unintentional Pharmaceutical Overdose Fatalities Aron J. Hall, DVM, MSPH Context Use and abuse of prescription narcotic analgesics have increased dramati- Joseph E. Logan, PhD cally in the United States since 1990. The effect of this pharmacoepidemic has been most pronounced in rural states, including West Virginia, which experienced the na- Robin L. Toblin, PhD, MPH tion’s largest increase in drug overdose mortality rates during 1999-2004. James A. Kaplan, MD Objective To evaluate the risk characteristics of persons dying of unintentional phar- James C. Kraner, PhD maceutical overdose in West Virginia, the types of drugs involved, and the role of drug abuse in the deaths. Danae Bixler, MD, MPH Design, Setting, and Participants Population-based, observational study using Alex E. Crosby, MD, MPH data from medical examiner, prescription drug monitoring program, and opiate treat- Leonard J. Paulozzi, MD, MPH ment program records. The study population was all state residents who died of un- intentional pharmaceutical overdoses in West Virginia in 2006. N 1997, 2 EXPERT PANELS IN THE Main Outcome Measures Rates and rate ratios for selected demographic variables. United States introduced clinical Prevalence of specific drugs among decedents and proportion that had been prescribed

Journal

JAMAAmerican Medical Association

Published: Dec 10, 2008

References