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Patient Predicament and Clinical Service: A System

Patient Predicament and Clinical Service: A System Abstract THE TERM "system" as used in this report refers to (1) a method for analyzing a problem: cataloging its parts, the setting, and their interrelationships; (2) a method for designing a response to that problem, taking into account the several parts to the whole; and (3) a method for monitoring, controlling, and changing the response so it may continuously meet changes in the reality of the problem. System concepts are a way of describing reality drawn so as to conceive a certain "whole" divided into "parts" in specified "relationships." The description is designed so the behavior of the parts is generally and substantially explained by a small number of specified relationships of the parts, or "states," of the whole. A system has a "boundary," includes certain elements which are "in" it, and includes a much larger number of elements defined as "outside." The definition of system in References 1. von Bertalanffy, L.: An Outline of General System Theory , Brit J Phil Sci 1:134-159, 1950.Crossref 2. von Bertalanffy, L.: The Theory of Open Systems in Physics and Biology , Science 111:23-28, 1960.Crossref 3. Richter, C.P.: Behavioral Regulation of Homeostasis : Symposium on Stress, Washington: Walter Reed Army Medical Center, 1953, pp 77-88. 4. Jackson, D.D.: The Role of the Individual, Chicago: Proceedings of the Conference on Mental Health and the Idea of Mankind, February 1964. 5. Wallace, A.F.C.: Mazeway Disintegration: The Individual's Perception of Socio-Cultural Disorganization , Hum Organ 16:23-27, 1957. 6. Vickers, G.: The Psychology of Policy Making and Social Change , Brit J Psychiat 110:465-477, 1964.Crossref 7. Paul, B.D., (ed.): Health, Culture and Community , New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1955. 8. Ruesch, J.: Social Psychiatry , Arch Gen Psychiat 12:501-509, 1965.Crossref 9. Klein, D.C.: The Community and Mental Health: An Attempt at a Conceptual Framework , Community Ment Health J 1:301-308, 1965.Crossref 10. Smith, W.G., and Hansell, N.: Territorial Evaluation of Mental Health Services , Community Ment Health J , to be published. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of General Psychiatry American Medical Association

Patient Predicament and Clinical Service: A System

Archives of General Psychiatry , Volume 17 (2) – Aug 1, 1967

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1967 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-990X
eISSN
1598-3636
DOI
10.1001/archpsyc.1967.01730260076011
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract THE TERM "system" as used in this report refers to (1) a method for analyzing a problem: cataloging its parts, the setting, and their interrelationships; (2) a method for designing a response to that problem, taking into account the several parts to the whole; and (3) a method for monitoring, controlling, and changing the response so it may continuously meet changes in the reality of the problem. System concepts are a way of describing reality drawn so as to conceive a certain "whole" divided into "parts" in specified "relationships." The description is designed so the behavior of the parts is generally and substantially explained by a small number of specified relationships of the parts, or "states," of the whole. A system has a "boundary," includes certain elements which are "in" it, and includes a much larger number of elements defined as "outside." The definition of system in References 1. von Bertalanffy, L.: An Outline of General System Theory , Brit J Phil Sci 1:134-159, 1950.Crossref 2. von Bertalanffy, L.: The Theory of Open Systems in Physics and Biology , Science 111:23-28, 1960.Crossref 3. Richter, C.P.: Behavioral Regulation of Homeostasis : Symposium on Stress, Washington: Walter Reed Army Medical Center, 1953, pp 77-88. 4. Jackson, D.D.: The Role of the Individual, Chicago: Proceedings of the Conference on Mental Health and the Idea of Mankind, February 1964. 5. Wallace, A.F.C.: Mazeway Disintegration: The Individual's Perception of Socio-Cultural Disorganization , Hum Organ 16:23-27, 1957. 6. Vickers, G.: The Psychology of Policy Making and Social Change , Brit J Psychiat 110:465-477, 1964.Crossref 7. Paul, B.D., (ed.): Health, Culture and Community , New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1955. 8. Ruesch, J.: Social Psychiatry , Arch Gen Psychiat 12:501-509, 1965.Crossref 9. Klein, D.C.: The Community and Mental Health: An Attempt at a Conceptual Framework , Community Ment Health J 1:301-308, 1965.Crossref 10. Smith, W.G., and Hansell, N.: Territorial Evaluation of Mental Health Services , Community Ment Health J , to be published.

Journal

Archives of General PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Aug 1, 1967

References