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PATHOLOGIC CHANGES IN THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM IN EXPERIMENTAL ELECTRIC SHOCK

PATHOLOGIC CHANGES IN THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM IN EXPERIMENTAL ELECTRIC SHOCK Abstract The introduction by Cerletti and Bini1 of the electric shock as a method of treatment of functional psychoses again raises the question as to the effect of the electric current on nerve tissue. The literature on this subject is concerned both with the lethal effect of high tension currents on man (Hassin2) and with the nonlethal effect of electric shock in animal experiments. There are two publications which should be reviewed in connection with the latter, the one by Morrison, Weeks and Cobb3 and the other by MacMahon.4 The first authors were interested mainly in the histopathologic changes in the brain of rabbits, guinea pigs and cats following electric shock of ten seconds' duration, which was produced in four different ways: (1) with an induction coil, (2) with condenser discharge, (3) with alternating current and (4) with direct current. The outstanding histopathologic feature in all four References 1. Cerletti, U., and Bini, L.: L'elettroshock , Arch. gen. di neurol., psichiat. e psicoanal. 19:266, 1938. 2. Hassin, G. B.: Changes in the Brain in Accidental Electrocution , J. Nerv. & Ment. Dis. 86:668, 1937. 3. Morrison, L. R.; Weeks, A., and Cobb, S.: Histopathology of Different Types of Electric Shock on Mammalian Brains , J. Indust. Hyg. 12:324 and 364, 1923. 4. MacMahon, H. E.: Electric Shock , Am. J. Path. 5:333, 1929. 5. Alpers, B. J., and Hughes, J.: Changes in the Brain After Electrically Induced Convulsions in Cats , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 47:385 ( (March) ) 1942. 6. Bellet, S.; Kershbaum, A., and Furst, W.: The Electrocardiogram During Electric Shock Treatment , Am. J. M. Sc. 201:167, 1941. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry American Medical Association

PATHOLOGIC CHANGES IN THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM IN EXPERIMENTAL ELECTRIC SHOCK

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1942 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6754
DOI
10.1001/archneurpsyc.1942.02290060056003
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The introduction by Cerletti and Bini1 of the electric shock as a method of treatment of functional psychoses again raises the question as to the effect of the electric current on nerve tissue. The literature on this subject is concerned both with the lethal effect of high tension currents on man (Hassin2) and with the nonlethal effect of electric shock in animal experiments. There are two publications which should be reviewed in connection with the latter, the one by Morrison, Weeks and Cobb3 and the other by MacMahon.4 The first authors were interested mainly in the histopathologic changes in the brain of rabbits, guinea pigs and cats following electric shock of ten seconds' duration, which was produced in four different ways: (1) with an induction coil, (2) with condenser discharge, (3) with alternating current and (4) with direct current. The outstanding histopathologic feature in all four References 1. Cerletti, U., and Bini, L.: L'elettroshock , Arch. gen. di neurol., psichiat. e psicoanal. 19:266, 1938. 2. Hassin, G. B.: Changes in the Brain in Accidental Electrocution , J. Nerv. & Ment. Dis. 86:668, 1937. 3. Morrison, L. R.; Weeks, A., and Cobb, S.: Histopathology of Different Types of Electric Shock on Mammalian Brains , J. Indust. Hyg. 12:324 and 364, 1923. 4. MacMahon, H. E.: Electric Shock , Am. J. Path. 5:333, 1929. 5. Alpers, B. J., and Hughes, J.: Changes in the Brain After Electrically Induced Convulsions in Cats , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 47:385 ( (March) ) 1942. 6. Bellet, S.; Kershbaum, A., and Furst, W.: The Electrocardiogram During Electric Shock Treatment , Am. J. M. Sc. 201:167, 1941.

Journal

Archives of Neurology & PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jun 1, 1942

References