Abstract The pediatrician is the primary person to whom parents turn for advice, and advice on parenting is often sought. The curricula of pediatric residency training programs devote little time to parenting. Thus, many pediatricians may be poorly prepared for their role. Our report defines parenting, examines the family, discusses parenting advice and parents' needs, and looks at the role pediatricians play. DEFINITION Parenting is more than biological procreation. Parenting is care and concern for the new human from the time the infant is born until maturity. Parenting is not easy. It is a 24-hour-a-day, seven-day-a-week, decades-long task, and there is little feedback—parentsparents may not know for many years how well or poorly they have done. Furthermore, the advice of experts varies considerably in all areas, from the job description to the rules. CHANGES IN THE FAMILY The traditional mechanism and process for providing parenting is the family. All human cultures References 1. Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970 , bicentennial edition, US Bureau of the Census, 1975, (pt 2) . 2. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1986 , ed 106, US Bureau of the Census, 1985. 3. One hundred twelve years of public schools , in Lane HU (ed): The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 1986 . New York, Newspaper Enterprise Association Inc, 1986, p 195. 4. Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970 , bicentennial edition, US Bureau of the Census, 1975, (pt 1) , p 41. 5. Households, families, subfamilies, married couples and unrelated individuals , in Blackburn GW, Hatchl BL (eds): Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1986 , ed 106, US Bureau of the Census, 1985, p 39. 6. Advisory Committee on Child Development, Assembly of Behavioral and Social Sciences, National Research Council: Toward a National Policy for Children and Families . Washington, DC, National Academy of Sciences, 1976. 7. Labor Force Activity of Mothers of Young Children Continues at Record Pace , US Dept of Labor publication (USDL) 85-381. Bureau of Labor Statistics, (Sept 19) , 1985. 8. Hayghe H: Rise in mothers' labor force activity includes those with infants . M Labor Rev February 1986, pp 43-45. 9. Keeton K, Baskin Y: Woman of Tomorrow . New York, St Martin's/Marek, 1985, pp 131-153. 10. Heins M, Stillman P, Sabers D, et al: Attitudes of pediatricians toward maternal employment . Pediatrics 1983;72:283-290. 11. Marriage, divorces, and rates in the U.S. , in Lane HU (ed): The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 1986 . New York, Newspaper Enterprise Association Inc, 1986, p 779. 12. Advance report of final marriage statistics, 1980 . Monthly Vital Stat Rep 1983;32:7. 13. Advance report of final divorce statistics, 1983 . Monthly Vital Stat Rep 1985;34:7. 14. Weitzman LJ: The Divorce Revolution . New York, Free Press, 1985, pp ix-xvii, 184-214, 260-261, 321-322, 355-356, 357-401. 15. Wallerstein JS: Women after divorce: Preliminary report from a ten-year follow-up . Am J Orthopsychiatry 1986;56:65-77.Crossref 16. Hanson SMH, Sporakowski MJ: Single parent families . Fam Relations 1986;35:3-8.Crossref 17. Norton AJ, Glick PC: One parent families: A social and economic profile . Fam Relations 1986;35:9-17.Crossref 18. Glick PC: Children of divorced parents in[ill] demographic perspective . J Soc Issues 1979;35[ill] 170-182.Crossref 19. Burden DS: Single parents and the work setting: The impact of multiple job and home life responsibilities . Fam Relations 1986;35:37-43.Crossref 20. Mobility status of the population by se[ill] lected characteristics: 1983-1984 , in Blackbur[ill] GW, Hatchl BL (eds): Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1986 , ed 106, US Bureau of the Census, 1985, p 15. 21. Holmes TH, Rahe RH: The social readjust[ill] ment rating scale . J Psychosom Res 1967;11[ill] 213-218.Crossref 22. Skolnick A: The myth of the vulnerable child . Psychol Today 1978;11:56-65. 23. Heins M, Seiden AM: Child Care/Parent Care . New York, Doubleday & Co Inc, 1987. 24. Fosarelli P: Children in self-care: A new priority for pediatricians , Pediatrics 1986;77[ill] 548-549. 25. Bolton FG Jr: When Bonding Fails: Clini[ill] cal Assessment of High-Risk Families . Beverly Hills, California, Sage Publications Inc, 1983[ill] p 163.
American Journal of Diseases of Children – American Medical Association
Published: Nov 1, 1987
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