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Paradoxical Pupillary Responses in Congenital Stationary Night Blindness

Paradoxical Pupillary Responses in Congenital Stationary Night Blindness Abstract • Three unrelated boys, ages 2, 6, and 10 years, who have congenital stationary night blindness with myopia and a Schubert-Bornschein-type electroretinogram finding, were found to show a "paradoxical" pupillary constriction in darkness. When examining room lights are turned out, the patient's pupils briskly constrict and slowly dilate. Older night blind male relatives of these boys did not show this abnormal constriction to darkness. (Arch Ophthalmol 95:1800-1804, 1977) References 1. Cunier F: Histoire d'une hémérolopie, héréditaire depuis deux siècles dans une famille de la commune de Vendémian, prés Montpellier . Ann Soc Med Gand 4:385-395, 1838. 2. Nettleship E: A history of congenital stationary night-blindness in nine consecutive generations . Trans Ophthalmol Soc UK 27:269-293, 1907. 3. Gassler VJ: Ueber eine Jetzt Nicht Bekannte Rezessive Verknüpfung von Hochgradiger Myopie mit Angeborener Hemeralopie, thesis. Zurich, 1925. 4. Merin S, Rowe H, Auerbach E, et al: Syndrome of congenital high myopia with nyctalopia . Am J Ophthalmol 70:541-547, 1970. 5. Donders FC: Torpeur de la rétine congénitale héréditaire . Ann Ocul (Paris) 34:270-273, 1855. 6. Nettleship E: A pedigree of congenital night blindness with myopia . Trans Ophthalmol Soc UK 32:21-45, 1912. 7. Carr RE: Congenital stationary night blindness . Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 72:448-487, 1974. 8. Schubert G, Bornschein H: Beitrag zur Analyse des menschlichen Elektroretinogramms . Ophthalmologica 123:396-412, 1952.Crossref 9. Auerbach E, Godel V, Rowe H: An electrophysiological and psychophysical study of two forms of congenital nightblindness . Invest Ophthalmol 8:332-345, 1969. 10. Alpern M, Ohba N: The effect of bleaching and background on pupil size . Vision Res 12:943-951, 1972.Crossref 11. Alpern M, Campbell FW: The behavior of the pupil during dark-adaptation . J Physiol 165:5-7, 1962. 12. Alpern M, Holland MG, Ohba N: Rhodopsin bleaching signals in essential night blindness . J Physiol 225:457-476, 1972. 13. Rushton WAH: The Ferrier lecture, 1962: Visual adaptation . Proc R Soc Lond 162:20-46, 1965.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

Paradoxical Pupillary Responses in Congenital Stationary Night Blindness

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1977 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1977.04450100102012
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract • Three unrelated boys, ages 2, 6, and 10 years, who have congenital stationary night blindness with myopia and a Schubert-Bornschein-type electroretinogram finding, were found to show a "paradoxical" pupillary constriction in darkness. When examining room lights are turned out, the patient's pupils briskly constrict and slowly dilate. Older night blind male relatives of these boys did not show this abnormal constriction to darkness. (Arch Ophthalmol 95:1800-1804, 1977) References 1. Cunier F: Histoire d'une hémérolopie, héréditaire depuis deux siècles dans une famille de la commune de Vendémian, prés Montpellier . Ann Soc Med Gand 4:385-395, 1838. 2. Nettleship E: A history of congenital stationary night-blindness in nine consecutive generations . Trans Ophthalmol Soc UK 27:269-293, 1907. 3. Gassler VJ: Ueber eine Jetzt Nicht Bekannte Rezessive Verknüpfung von Hochgradiger Myopie mit Angeborener Hemeralopie, thesis. Zurich, 1925. 4. Merin S, Rowe H, Auerbach E, et al: Syndrome of congenital high myopia with nyctalopia . Am J Ophthalmol 70:541-547, 1970. 5. Donders FC: Torpeur de la rétine congénitale héréditaire . Ann Ocul (Paris) 34:270-273, 1855. 6. Nettleship E: A pedigree of congenital night blindness with myopia . Trans Ophthalmol Soc UK 32:21-45, 1912. 7. Carr RE: Congenital stationary night blindness . Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 72:448-487, 1974. 8. Schubert G, Bornschein H: Beitrag zur Analyse des menschlichen Elektroretinogramms . Ophthalmologica 123:396-412, 1952.Crossref 9. Auerbach E, Godel V, Rowe H: An electrophysiological and psychophysical study of two forms of congenital nightblindness . Invest Ophthalmol 8:332-345, 1969. 10. Alpern M, Ohba N: The effect of bleaching and background on pupil size . Vision Res 12:943-951, 1972.Crossref 11. Alpern M, Campbell FW: The behavior of the pupil during dark-adaptation . J Physiol 165:5-7, 1962. 12. Alpern M, Holland MG, Ohba N: Rhodopsin bleaching signals in essential night blindness . J Physiol 225:457-476, 1972. 13. Rushton WAH: The Ferrier lecture, 1962: Visual adaptation . Proc R Soc Lond 162:20-46, 1965.Crossref

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Oct 1, 1977

References