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Panniculitis in Connective Tissue Disease

Panniculitis in Connective Tissue Disease Abstract † Specific and nonspecific panniculitis occur in connective tissue diseases. Microscopic studies of the epidermis and dermis, immunofluorescent microscopy, and extensive serologic testing may aid in the diagnosis and classification of these unusual syndromes. Connective tissue panniculitis and focal lipoatrophy may be forms of immunoreactive panniculitis or connective tissue disease (or both) in which typical microscopic, serologic, or other events related to classic connective tissue disease have not occurred. (Arch Dermatol 1983;119:336-344) References 1. Díaz-Jouanen E, DeHoratius RJ, Alarcón-Segovia D, et al: Systemic lupus erythematosus presenting as panniculitis (lupus profundus) . Ann Intern Med 1975;82:376-379.Crossref 2. Tuffanelli DL: Lupus erythematosus panniculitis (profundus): Clinical and immunologie studies . Arch Dermatol 1971;103:231-242.Crossref 3. Dubois EL (ed): Lupus Erythematosus: A Review of the Current Status of Discoid and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Their Variants , ed 2. Los Angeles, University of Southern California Press, 1974. 4. Ropes MW: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus . Cambridge, Mass, Harvard University Press, 1976. 5. Winkelmann RK, Peters MS: Lupus panniculitis. Dermatol Update 1982, pp 135-152. 6. Klein SA, Tomaro AJ: Lupus erythematosus profundus: Review of the literature and report of case . J Oral Surg 1975;33:454-457. 7. Winkelmann RK: Panniculitis and systemic lupus erythematosus . JAMA 1970;211:472-475.Crossref 8. Arnold HL Jr: Lupus erythematosus profundus: Commentary and report of four more cases . Arch Dermatol 1956;73:15-33.Crossref 9. Harris RB, Winkelmann RK: Lupus mastitis . Arch Dermatol 1978;114:410-412.Crossref 10. Sánchez NP, Peters MS, Winkelmann RK: The histopathology of lupus erythematosus panniculitis . J Am Acad Dermatol 1981;5:673-680.Crossref 11. Macotela-Ruiz E, Alvarez de la Rocha B, Suárez de la Torre RS: Lupus eritematoso profundo . Dermatologia Rev Mex 1979;23:39-45. 12. Maciejewski W, Bandmann HJ: Lupus erythematosus panniculitis (profundus) . Acta Derm Venereol 1979;59( (suppl) ):109-112. 13. Zweiman B, Tomar RH, Gross PR: Lupus erythematosus profundus following thrombocytopenic purpura . Arch Dermatol 1975;111:347-351.Crossref 14. Thies W, Misgeld V: Sklerosen , in Gottron HA, Korting GW (eds): Handbuch der Haut und Geschlechtskr . Berlin, SpringerVerlag, 1975, vol 3, part (3A) , pp 465-663. 15. Jabłońska S: Scleroderma and Pseudoscleroderma , ed 2. Warsaw, Polish Medical Publishers, 1975. 16. Fleischmajer R, Nedwich A: Generalized morphea: I. Histology of the dermis and subcutaneous tissue . Arch Dermatol 1972;106:509-514.Crossref 17. Fleischmajer R, Damiano V, Nedwich A: Alteration of subcutaneous tissue in systemic scleroderma . Arch Dermatol 1972;105:59-66.Crossref 18. Winkelmann RK: Localized scleroderma, including eosinophilic fasciitis. Dermatol Update 1979, pp 145-150. 19. Diaz-Perez JL, Connolly SM, Winkelmann RK: Disabling pansclerotic morphea of children . Arch Dermatol 1980;116:169-173.Crossref 20. Doyle JA, Connolly SM, Winkelmann RK: Cutaneous and subcutaneous inflammatory sclerosis syndromes . Arch Dermatol 1982;118:886-890.Crossref 21. Umbert P, Winkelmann RK: Concurrent localized scleroderma and discoid lupus erythematosus: Cutaneous `mixed' or `overlap' syndrome . Arch Dermatol 1978;114:1473-1478.Crossref 22. Michet CJ Jr, Doyle JA, Ginsburg WW: Eosinophilic fasciitis: Report of 15 cases . Mayo Clin Proc 1981;56:27-34. 23. Jabłońska S, Rodnan GP: Localized forms of scleroderma . Clin Rheum Dis 1979;5:215-241. 24. Su WPD, Person JR: Morphea profunda: A new concept and a histopathologic study of 23 cases . Am J Dermatopathol 1981;3:251-260.Crossref 25. Bourgeois-Droin C, Touraine R: Sclérodermie en plaques: Perturbations immunologiques et viscérales . Ann Med Interne 1978;129:107-112. 26. Weber FP, Gray AMH: Chronic relapsing polydermatomyositis with predominant involvement of the subcutaneous fat (panniculitis) . Br J Dermatol 1924;36:544-560.Crossref 27. Wainger CK, Lever WF: Dermatomyositis: Report of three cases with postmortem observations . Arch Dermatol 1949;59:196-208. 28. Gans O, Steigleder GK: Histologie der Hautkraukneiten . Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1955. 29. Allen AC: The Skin: A Clinicopathological Treatise , ed 2. New York, Grune & Stratton Inc, 1967. 30. Janis JF, Winkelmann RK: Histopathology of the skin in dermatomyositis: A histopathologic study of 55 cases . Arch Dermatol 1968;97:640-650.Crossref 31. Kennedy RJ, Murphy LR: Weber-Christian disease . Am J Med 1949;6:672-680.Crossref 32. Kimura S, Fukuyama Y: Tubular cytoplasmic inclusions in a case of childhood dermatomyositis with migratory subcutaneous nodules . Eur J Pediatr 1977;125:275-283.Crossref 33. Winkelmann RK, Padilha-Goncalves A: Connective tissue panniculitis . Arch Dermatol 1980;116:291-294.Crossref 34. Shelley WB: Chloroquine-induced remission of nodular panniculitis present for 15 years . J Am Acad Dermatol 1981;5:168-170.Crossref 35. Myers WK: Chloroquine diphosphate therapy in WeberChristian syndrome . Ann Intern Med 1959;51:791-795.Crossref 36. Senior B, Gellis SS: The syndromes of total lipodystrophy and of partial lipodystrophy . Pediatrics 1964;33:593-612. 37. Brubaker MM, Levan NE, Collipp PJ: Acanthosis nigricans and congenital total lipodystrophy: Associated anomalies observed in two siblings . Arch Dermatol 1965;91:320-325.Crossref 38. Reed WB, Dexter R, Corley C, et al: Congenital lipodystrophic diabetes with acanthosis nigricans: The Seip-Lawrence syndrome . Arch Dermatol 1965;91:326-334.Crossref 39. Seip M: Lipodystrophy and gigantism with associated endocrine manifestations: A new diencephalic syndrome? Acta Paediatr Belg 1959;48:555-574. 40. Mitchell SW: Singular case of absence of adipose matter in the upper half of the body . Am J Med Sci 1885;90:105-106.Crossref 41. Taylor WB, Honeycutt WM: Progressive lipodystrophy and lipoatrophic diabetes: Review of the literature and case reports . Arch Dermatol 1961;84:31-36.Crossref 42. Poley JR, Stickler GB: Progressive lipodystrophy: A clinical study of 50 patients . Am J Dis Child 1963;106:356-363.Crossref 43. Barnes S: Report on Sir William Gowers' case of local panatrophy . Trans Clin Soc Lond 1903;36:164-168. 44. Barnes S: Gowers' case of local panatrophy . Br J Dermatol 1939;51:377-380.Crossref 45. Borda JM, Abulafia J, Ferradas R, et al: Panatrofia cutanea localizada: Sus relaciones con las escleroatrofias circunscriptas . Arch Argent Dermatol 1975;25:1-18. 46. Shelley WB, Izumi AK: Annular atrophy of the ankles: A case of partial lipodystrophy . Arch Dermatol 1970;102:326-329.Crossref 47. Bloch PH, Runne U: Lipoatrophia semicircularis beim Mann: Zusammentreffen von Arterienvarietät und Mikrotraumata als mögliche Krankheitsursache . Hautarzt 1978;29:270-272. 48. Bettley FR: Localized panatrophy . Br J Dermatol 1950;62:330-331. 49. Imamura S, Yamada M, Yamamoto K, et al: Lipodystrophia centrifugalis abdominalis infantilis . Hautarzt 1979;30:360-364. 50. Peters MS, Winkelmann RK: Localized lipoatrophy (atrophic connective tissue disease panniculitis) . Arch Dermatol 1980;116:1363-1368.Crossref 51. Sissons JGP, West RJ, Fallows J, et al: The complement abnormalities of lipodystrophy . N Engl J Med 1976;294:461-465.Crossref 52. Ipp MM, Minta JO, Gelfand EW: Disorders of the complement system in lipodystrophy . Clin Immunol Immunopathol 1977;7:281-287.Crossref 53. Peters DK, Charlesworth JA, Sissons JGP, et al: Mesangiocapillary nephritis, partial lipodystrophy, and hypocomplementaemia . Lancet 1973;2:535-538.Crossref 54. Allen BR: Partial lipodystrophy . Br J Dermatol 1978;99( (suppl 16) ):48-49.Crossref 55. Burden RP: Partial lipodystrophy and glomerulonephritis . Br J Dermatol 1978;99( (suppl 16) ):49-51.Crossref 56. Alper CA, Bloch KJ, Rosen FS: Increased susceptibility to infection in a patient with type II essential hypercatabolism of C3 . N Engl J Med 1973;288:601-606.Crossref 57. Thompson RA, White RHR: Partial lipodystrophy and hypocomplementaemic nephritis . Lancet 1973;2:679.Crossref 58. Bennett WM, Bardana EJ, Wuepper K, et al: Partial lipodystrophy, C3 nephritic factor and clinically inapparent mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis . Am J Med 1977;62:757-760.Crossref 59. Hall SW, Gillespie JJ, Tenczynski TF: Generalized lipodystrophy, scleroderma, and Hodgkin's disease . Arch Intern Med 1978;138:1303-1304.Crossref 60. Ipp MM, Howard NJ, Tervo RC, et al: Sicca syndrome and total lipodystrophy: A case in a 15-year-old female patient . Ann Intern Med 1976;85:443-446.Crossref 61. Alarcón-Segovia D, Ramos-Niembro F: Association of partial lipodystrophy and Sjögren's syndrome . Ann Intern Med 1976;85:474-475.Crossref 62. McKean WI, Dixon SR, Gwynne JF, et al: Case of lipodystrophy . Br Med J 1970;2:464.Crossref 63. Ziff M: Discussion . Proc R Soc Med 1974;67:562. 64. Wilson WA, Sissons JGP, Morgan OS: Multiple autoimmune diseases with bilateral optic atrophy and lipodystrophy . Ann Intern Med 1978;89:72-73.Crossref 65. Weber FP: Discussion . Br J Dermatol 1932;44:494. 66. Jabłońska S, Szczepanski A, Gorkiewicz A: Lipo-atrophy of the ankles and its relation to other lipo-atrophies . Acta Derm Venereol 1975;55:135-140. 67. Ferreira-Marques J: Lipoatrophia annularis: Ein Fall einer bisher nicht beschriebenen Krankheit der Haut (des Panniculus adiposus) . Arch Dermatol Syphil 1953;195:479-491.Crossref 68. Gschwandtner WR, Münzberger H: Lipoatrophia semicircularis: Ein Beitrag zu bandförmig-circulären Atrophien des subcutanen Fettgewebes im Extremitätenbereich . Hautarzt 1974;25:222-227. 69. Bruinsma W: Lipoatrophia annularis, an abnormal vulnerability of the fatty tissue . Dermatologica 1967;134:107-112.Crossref 70. Brudno JC: Chronic relapsing febrile nodular nonsuppurative panniculitis (Weber-Christian disease): Relation to rheumatic fever and allied diseases . N Engl J Med 1950;243:513-517.Crossref 71. Yaffee HS: A peculiar nodosity associated with arthritis . US Armed Forces Med J 1955;6:1043-1052. 72. Weber FP: A case of relapsing non-suppurative nodular panniculitis, showing phagocytosis of subcutaneous fat-cells by macrophages . Br J Dermatol 1925;37:301-311.Crossref 73. Beerman H: Weber-Christian syndrome . Am J Med Sci 1953;225:446-462.Crossref 74. Hartwell AS, Thannhauser SJ: Case presentation and discussion of relapsing febrile nodular nonsuppurative panniculitis . Bull N Engl Med Cent 1940;2:362-368. 75. Macoul KL: Panniculitis, vasculitis, and a positive lupus erythematosus cell test . JAMA 1967;199:428-430.Crossref 76. Zamacona Ravelo G, Talamantes S, Gonzalez A: Enfermedad de Weber Christian y lupus eritematosodiseminado . Alergia 1973;21;59-64. 77. Verbov JL, Borrie PF: Lupus erythematosus presenting as panniculitis . Proc R Soc Med 1971;64:28-29. 78. Bernstein JR: Nonsuppurative nodular panniculitis (WeberChristian disease): An unusual cause of mammary calcifications . JAMA 1977;238:1942-1943.Crossref 79. Ishizaki H, Sano T, Kawashima Y, et al: Multiple subcutaneous lipogranulomas associated with systemic lupus erythematosus-like symptoms: An adjuvant disease of man? J Dermatol 1979;6:179-184. 80. Blanc WA: Syndromes nouveaux de pathologie adipeuse: Stéatonécroses pseudotumorales, stéatonécroses disséminées, liposcléroses dysprotéiniques . Paris, Masson & Cie, 1951. 81. Carol NLL, cited by Schuppli R: Weber-Christian disease , in Miescher G, Storck H (eds): Handbuch der Haut und Geschlechtskr: Inflammatory Dermatoses . Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1965, vol 2, part (2) , pp 122-128. 82. Rothman S, Lorincz AL: Recovery from relapsing febrile nonsuppurative panniculitis (Weber-Christian disease) , abstracted. Arch Dermatol 1954;70:535-536. 83. Macdonald A, Feiwel M: A review of the concept of WeberChristian panniculitis with a report of five cases . Br J Dermatol 1968;80:355-361.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Dermatology American Medical Association

Panniculitis in Connective Tissue Disease

Archives of Dermatology , Volume 119 (4) – Apr 1, 1983

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American Medical Association
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Copyright © 1983 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
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0003-987X
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1538-3652
DOI
10.1001/archderm.1983.01650280064019
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Abstract

Abstract † Specific and nonspecific panniculitis occur in connective tissue diseases. Microscopic studies of the epidermis and dermis, immunofluorescent microscopy, and extensive serologic testing may aid in the diagnosis and classification of these unusual syndromes. Connective tissue panniculitis and focal lipoatrophy may be forms of immunoreactive panniculitis or connective tissue disease (or both) in which typical microscopic, serologic, or other events related to classic connective tissue disease have not occurred. (Arch Dermatol 1983;119:336-344) References 1. Díaz-Jouanen E, DeHoratius RJ, Alarcón-Segovia D, et al: Systemic lupus erythematosus presenting as panniculitis (lupus profundus) . Ann Intern Med 1975;82:376-379.Crossref 2. Tuffanelli DL: Lupus erythematosus panniculitis (profundus): Clinical and immunologie studies . Arch Dermatol 1971;103:231-242.Crossref 3. Dubois EL (ed): Lupus Erythematosus: A Review of the Current Status of Discoid and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Their Variants , ed 2. Los Angeles, University of Southern California Press, 1974. 4. Ropes MW: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus . Cambridge, Mass, Harvard University Press, 1976. 5. Winkelmann RK, Peters MS: Lupus panniculitis. Dermatol Update 1982, pp 135-152. 6. Klein SA, Tomaro AJ: Lupus erythematosus profundus: Review of the literature and report of case . J Oral Surg 1975;33:454-457. 7. Winkelmann RK: Panniculitis and systemic lupus erythematosus . JAMA 1970;211:472-475.Crossref 8. Arnold HL Jr: Lupus erythematosus profundus: Commentary and report of four more cases . Arch Dermatol 1956;73:15-33.Crossref 9. Harris RB, Winkelmann RK: Lupus mastitis . Arch Dermatol 1978;114:410-412.Crossref 10. Sánchez NP, Peters MS, Winkelmann RK: The histopathology of lupus erythematosus panniculitis . J Am Acad Dermatol 1981;5:673-680.Crossref 11. Macotela-Ruiz E, Alvarez de la Rocha B, Suárez de la Torre RS: Lupus eritematoso profundo . Dermatologia Rev Mex 1979;23:39-45. 12. Maciejewski W, Bandmann HJ: Lupus erythematosus panniculitis (profundus) . Acta Derm Venereol 1979;59( (suppl) ):109-112. 13. Zweiman B, Tomar RH, Gross PR: Lupus erythematosus profundus following thrombocytopenic purpura . Arch Dermatol 1975;111:347-351.Crossref 14. Thies W, Misgeld V: Sklerosen , in Gottron HA, Korting GW (eds): Handbuch der Haut und Geschlechtskr . Berlin, SpringerVerlag, 1975, vol 3, part (3A) , pp 465-663. 15. Jabłońska S: Scleroderma and Pseudoscleroderma , ed 2. Warsaw, Polish Medical Publishers, 1975. 16. Fleischmajer R, Nedwich A: Generalized morphea: I. Histology of the dermis and subcutaneous tissue . Arch Dermatol 1972;106:509-514.Crossref 17. Fleischmajer R, Damiano V, Nedwich A: Alteration of subcutaneous tissue in systemic scleroderma . Arch Dermatol 1972;105:59-66.Crossref 18. Winkelmann RK: Localized scleroderma, including eosinophilic fasciitis. Dermatol Update 1979, pp 145-150. 19. Diaz-Perez JL, Connolly SM, Winkelmann RK: Disabling pansclerotic morphea of children . Arch Dermatol 1980;116:169-173.Crossref 20. Doyle JA, Connolly SM, Winkelmann RK: Cutaneous and subcutaneous inflammatory sclerosis syndromes . Arch Dermatol 1982;118:886-890.Crossref 21. Umbert P, Winkelmann RK: Concurrent localized scleroderma and discoid lupus erythematosus: Cutaneous `mixed' or `overlap' syndrome . Arch Dermatol 1978;114:1473-1478.Crossref 22. Michet CJ Jr, Doyle JA, Ginsburg WW: Eosinophilic fasciitis: Report of 15 cases . Mayo Clin Proc 1981;56:27-34. 23. Jabłońska S, Rodnan GP: Localized forms of scleroderma . Clin Rheum Dis 1979;5:215-241. 24. Su WPD, Person JR: Morphea profunda: A new concept and a histopathologic study of 23 cases . Am J Dermatopathol 1981;3:251-260.Crossref 25. Bourgeois-Droin C, Touraine R: Sclérodermie en plaques: Perturbations immunologiques et viscérales . Ann Med Interne 1978;129:107-112. 26. Weber FP, Gray AMH: Chronic relapsing polydermatomyositis with predominant involvement of the subcutaneous fat (panniculitis) . Br J Dermatol 1924;36:544-560.Crossref 27. Wainger CK, Lever WF: Dermatomyositis: Report of three cases with postmortem observations . Arch Dermatol 1949;59:196-208. 28. Gans O, Steigleder GK: Histologie der Hautkraukneiten . Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1955. 29. Allen AC: The Skin: A Clinicopathological Treatise , ed 2. New York, Grune & Stratton Inc, 1967. 30. Janis JF, Winkelmann RK: Histopathology of the skin in dermatomyositis: A histopathologic study of 55 cases . Arch Dermatol 1968;97:640-650.Crossref 31. Kennedy RJ, Murphy LR: Weber-Christian disease . Am J Med 1949;6:672-680.Crossref 32. Kimura S, Fukuyama Y: Tubular cytoplasmic inclusions in a case of childhood dermatomyositis with migratory subcutaneous nodules . Eur J Pediatr 1977;125:275-283.Crossref 33. Winkelmann RK, Padilha-Goncalves A: Connective tissue panniculitis . Arch Dermatol 1980;116:291-294.Crossref 34. Shelley WB: Chloroquine-induced remission of nodular panniculitis present for 15 years . J Am Acad Dermatol 1981;5:168-170.Crossref 35. Myers WK: Chloroquine diphosphate therapy in WeberChristian syndrome . Ann Intern Med 1959;51:791-795.Crossref 36. Senior B, Gellis SS: The syndromes of total lipodystrophy and of partial lipodystrophy . Pediatrics 1964;33:593-612. 37. Brubaker MM, Levan NE, Collipp PJ: Acanthosis nigricans and congenital total lipodystrophy: Associated anomalies observed in two siblings . Arch Dermatol 1965;91:320-325.Crossref 38. Reed WB, Dexter R, Corley C, et al: Congenital lipodystrophic diabetes with acanthosis nigricans: The Seip-Lawrence syndrome . Arch Dermatol 1965;91:326-334.Crossref 39. Seip M: Lipodystrophy and gigantism with associated endocrine manifestations: A new diencephalic syndrome? Acta Paediatr Belg 1959;48:555-574. 40. Mitchell SW: Singular case of absence of adipose matter in the upper half of the body . Am J Med Sci 1885;90:105-106.Crossref 41. Taylor WB, Honeycutt WM: Progressive lipodystrophy and lipoatrophic diabetes: Review of the literature and case reports . Arch Dermatol 1961;84:31-36.Crossref 42. Poley JR, Stickler GB: Progressive lipodystrophy: A clinical study of 50 patients . Am J Dis Child 1963;106:356-363.Crossref 43. Barnes S: Report on Sir William Gowers' case of local panatrophy . Trans Clin Soc Lond 1903;36:164-168. 44. Barnes S: Gowers' case of local panatrophy . Br J Dermatol 1939;51:377-380.Crossref 45. Borda JM, Abulafia J, Ferradas R, et al: Panatrofia cutanea localizada: Sus relaciones con las escleroatrofias circunscriptas . Arch Argent Dermatol 1975;25:1-18. 46. Shelley WB, Izumi AK: Annular atrophy of the ankles: A case of partial lipodystrophy . Arch Dermatol 1970;102:326-329.Crossref 47. Bloch PH, Runne U: Lipoatrophia semicircularis beim Mann: Zusammentreffen von Arterienvarietät und Mikrotraumata als mögliche Krankheitsursache . Hautarzt 1978;29:270-272. 48. Bettley FR: Localized panatrophy . Br J Dermatol 1950;62:330-331. 49. Imamura S, Yamada M, Yamamoto K, et al: Lipodystrophia centrifugalis abdominalis infantilis . Hautarzt 1979;30:360-364. 50. Peters MS, Winkelmann RK: Localized lipoatrophy (atrophic connective tissue disease panniculitis) . Arch Dermatol 1980;116:1363-1368.Crossref 51. Sissons JGP, West RJ, Fallows J, et al: The complement abnormalities of lipodystrophy . N Engl J Med 1976;294:461-465.Crossref 52. Ipp MM, Minta JO, Gelfand EW: Disorders of the complement system in lipodystrophy . Clin Immunol Immunopathol 1977;7:281-287.Crossref 53. Peters DK, Charlesworth JA, Sissons JGP, et al: Mesangiocapillary nephritis, partial lipodystrophy, and hypocomplementaemia . Lancet 1973;2:535-538.Crossref 54. Allen BR: Partial lipodystrophy . Br J Dermatol 1978;99( (suppl 16) ):48-49.Crossref 55. Burden RP: Partial lipodystrophy and glomerulonephritis . Br J Dermatol 1978;99( (suppl 16) ):49-51.Crossref 56. Alper CA, Bloch KJ, Rosen FS: Increased susceptibility to infection in a patient with type II essential hypercatabolism of C3 . N Engl J Med 1973;288:601-606.Crossref 57. Thompson RA, White RHR: Partial lipodystrophy and hypocomplementaemic nephritis . Lancet 1973;2:679.Crossref 58. Bennett WM, Bardana EJ, Wuepper K, et al: Partial lipodystrophy, C3 nephritic factor and clinically inapparent mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis . Am J Med 1977;62:757-760.Crossref 59. Hall SW, Gillespie JJ, Tenczynski TF: Generalized lipodystrophy, scleroderma, and Hodgkin's disease . Arch Intern Med 1978;138:1303-1304.Crossref 60. Ipp MM, Howard NJ, Tervo RC, et al: Sicca syndrome and total lipodystrophy: A case in a 15-year-old female patient . Ann Intern Med 1976;85:443-446.Crossref 61. Alarcón-Segovia D, Ramos-Niembro F: Association of partial lipodystrophy and Sjögren's syndrome . Ann Intern Med 1976;85:474-475.Crossref 62. McKean WI, Dixon SR, Gwynne JF, et al: Case of lipodystrophy . Br Med J 1970;2:464.Crossref 63. Ziff M: Discussion . Proc R Soc Med 1974;67:562. 64. Wilson WA, Sissons JGP, Morgan OS: Multiple autoimmune diseases with bilateral optic atrophy and lipodystrophy . Ann Intern Med 1978;89:72-73.Crossref 65. Weber FP: Discussion . Br J Dermatol 1932;44:494. 66. Jabłońska S, Szczepanski A, Gorkiewicz A: Lipo-atrophy of the ankles and its relation to other lipo-atrophies . Acta Derm Venereol 1975;55:135-140. 67. Ferreira-Marques J: Lipoatrophia annularis: Ein Fall einer bisher nicht beschriebenen Krankheit der Haut (des Panniculus adiposus) . Arch Dermatol Syphil 1953;195:479-491.Crossref 68. Gschwandtner WR, Münzberger H: Lipoatrophia semicircularis: Ein Beitrag zu bandförmig-circulären Atrophien des subcutanen Fettgewebes im Extremitätenbereich . Hautarzt 1974;25:222-227. 69. Bruinsma W: Lipoatrophia annularis, an abnormal vulnerability of the fatty tissue . Dermatologica 1967;134:107-112.Crossref 70. Brudno JC: Chronic relapsing febrile nodular nonsuppurative panniculitis (Weber-Christian disease): Relation to rheumatic fever and allied diseases . N Engl J Med 1950;243:513-517.Crossref 71. Yaffee HS: A peculiar nodosity associated with arthritis . US Armed Forces Med J 1955;6:1043-1052. 72. Weber FP: A case of relapsing non-suppurative nodular panniculitis, showing phagocytosis of subcutaneous fat-cells by macrophages . Br J Dermatol 1925;37:301-311.Crossref 73. Beerman H: Weber-Christian syndrome . Am J Med Sci 1953;225:446-462.Crossref 74. Hartwell AS, Thannhauser SJ: Case presentation and discussion of relapsing febrile nodular nonsuppurative panniculitis . Bull N Engl Med Cent 1940;2:362-368. 75. Macoul KL: Panniculitis, vasculitis, and a positive lupus erythematosus cell test . JAMA 1967;199:428-430.Crossref 76. Zamacona Ravelo G, Talamantes S, Gonzalez A: Enfermedad de Weber Christian y lupus eritematosodiseminado . Alergia 1973;21;59-64. 77. Verbov JL, Borrie PF: Lupus erythematosus presenting as panniculitis . Proc R Soc Med 1971;64:28-29. 78. Bernstein JR: Nonsuppurative nodular panniculitis (WeberChristian disease): An unusual cause of mammary calcifications . JAMA 1977;238:1942-1943.Crossref 79. Ishizaki H, Sano T, Kawashima Y, et al: Multiple subcutaneous lipogranulomas associated with systemic lupus erythematosus-like symptoms: An adjuvant disease of man? J Dermatol 1979;6:179-184. 80. Blanc WA: Syndromes nouveaux de pathologie adipeuse: Stéatonécroses pseudotumorales, stéatonécroses disséminées, liposcléroses dysprotéiniques . Paris, Masson & Cie, 1951. 81. Carol NLL, cited by Schuppli R: Weber-Christian disease , in Miescher G, Storck H (eds): Handbuch der Haut und Geschlechtskr: Inflammatory Dermatoses . Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1965, vol 2, part (2) , pp 122-128. 82. Rothman S, Lorincz AL: Recovery from relapsing febrile nonsuppurative panniculitis (Weber-Christian disease) , abstracted. Arch Dermatol 1954;70:535-536. 83. Macdonald A, Feiwel M: A review of the concept of WeberChristian panniculitis with a report of five cases . Br J Dermatol 1968;80:355-361.Crossref

Journal

Archives of DermatologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Apr 1, 1983

References