Abstract • Long-term use of orotracheal tubes has been associated with palatal groove formation, acquired cleft palate, and defective primary dentition. To determine the incidence of palatal groove formation, maxillary impressions were made of 63 neonates and infants who required orotracheal intubation for one to 62 days. A palatal groove was present in 47.6% of these neonates and infants. The incidence of palatal groove formation increased with a longer use of tubes, being 87.5% in those neonates and infants requiring tubes for more than two weeks. (AJDC 1984;138:974-975) References 1. Saunders BS, Easa D, Slaughten RJ: Acquired palatal groove in neonates: A report of two cases . J Pediatr 1976;89:988-989.Crossref 2. Duke PM, Caulson JD, Santos JI, et al: Cleft palate associated with prolonged orotracheal intubation in infancy . J Pediatr 1976; 89:990-991.Crossref 3. Maylan FMB, Seldin EB, Shannon DC, et al: Defective primary dentition in survivors of neonatal mechanical ventilation . J Pediatr 1980; 96:106-108.Crossref 4. Boice JB, Kraus HF, Foley JM: Gingival and dental complications of orotracheal intubation . JAMA 1976;236:957-958.Crossref 5. Bosma JF: Anatomy of the Head of the Newborn. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, in press.
American Journal of Diseases of Children – American Medical Association
Published: Oct 1, 1984
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