Abstract IDENTICAL twins provide us with an ideal opportunity to investigate the effects of both heredity and environment in the causation and course of many disorders and diseases. Bilateral noncontiguous structures of the body may in a way be considered identical twins, but although they are mirror images of each other and come from the same egg they are never exactly identical. (The mother knows which twin is which.) In order to obtain a large number of twins I wrote to all otological departments in the prominent colleges and subsequently to persons in all of the otolaryngological societies here and abroad. I repeatedly put notices in medical journals and in the journals of the American Hearing Society and the New York League for the Hard of Hearing. These efforts obtained for me only two pairs of identical twins one or both of whom had otosclerosis. However, ultimately I was able to References 1. Shambaugh, G.E., Sr., and Shambaugh, G.E., Jr.: Progressive Deafness in Identical Twins , Arch Otolaryng 17:171 ( (Feb) ) 1933.Crossref 2. Fowler, E.P.: Studies of Deafness in Twins: Otosclerosis in Identical Twins: Three Case Histories , Trans Amer Otol Soc 32:166-184, 1942. 3. Fowler, E.P.: Otosclerosis in Identical Twins: Five Case Histories , Ann Otol 56:368, 1947. 4. Fowler, E.P.: Otosclerosis in Identical Twins: Factors in Onset, Exacerbation, and Stabilization , JAMA 154:304-306, 1954.Crossref 5. Fowler, E.P.: Otosclerosis in Ten Pairs of Identical Twins , Trans Amer Otol Soc 46:300-315, 1958. 6. Cone, T.E., Jr.: Taken in part from question and answer section , JAMA 189:388 ( (Aug 3) ) 1964.Crossref 7. Dougherty, T.F.: Similarities Between Physiologic and Radiologic Accelerated Aging , Fed Proc (suppl 8) , 20:3-7 (July) 1961. 8. Guild, S.T.: Histologic Otosclerosis , Ann Otol 53:246, 1944
Archives of Otolaryngology – American Medical Association
Published: Apr 1, 1966
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