EDITORIAL HE SPECIALTY of ophthalmology in Spain CLINICAL OPHTHALMOLOGY became established during the second half of the 19th century. In Madrid in Clinical ophthalmology in Spain is practiced in both a 1872, the Instituto Oftalmico Nacional public and a private system. Most ophthalmologists (75%) T provided the training of Spain’s first-gen- have appointments in the public system as well as part- eration ophthalmologists and it continues to thrive. The time private practices. In the last 10 years, the number second generation of ophthalmologists became estab- of private practices has substantially increased mainly lished with the founding of the Sociedad Oftalmologíca because of the development of new cataract and refrac- Hispano-Americans in 1903. Ophthalmology was offi- tive surgery techniques. Most ophthalmologists prac- cially recognized and included as a subject in medical tice general ophthalmology, and most ocular surgery is schools in 1902, and the first professorships in ophthal- performed in public hospitals or private clinics, with the mology were created at the Universities of Madrid and exception of refractive surgery, which is performed in pri- Barcelona. vate centers. Although the first national institutions were founded SPANISH SOCIETY OF OPHTHALMOLOGY at the beginning of the last century, the Spanish Na- tional
JAMA Ophthalmology – American Medical Association
Published: Oct 1, 2000
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