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Omentocavopexy: Further Analysis

Omentocavopexy: Further Analysis Abstract Historical Review In 1877 Nicholai von Eck opened the era of portacaval anastomosis with a report of experiments involving eight dogs.1 He anastomosed the side of the portal vein to the side of the inferior vena cava, then tied off the portal vein at the porta hepatis. He concluded that such a diversion of portal flow could be safely accomplished and proposed that this fistula be used in some cases of ascites. It was not for 26 years, however, that the "Eck fistula" was to be applied to man. Vidal2 in 1903 successfully performed the operation for ascites and obtained some benefit but only a four-month survival. Drummond and Morrison3 in 1896 and Talma4 in 1898 independently described the procedure of omentopexy in which abrasive trauma was applied to omentum, peritoneum, liver, and diaphragm to promote vascular adhesions. Villard and Tavenier5 in 1910 and Gunn References 1. von Eck, N. V.: Ligature of Portal Vein , Voyemo Med J 130:1, 1877. 2. Vidal, N.: Traitment chirurgical des ascites , Presse Med 2:747, 1903. 3. Drummond, D., and Morrison, R.: A Case of Ascites Due to Cirrhosis of the Liver Cured by Operation , Brit Med J 2:728, 1896. 4. Talma, S.: Chirurgische Öffnung neuer Seitenbahnen für das Blut der Vena Porta , Klin Wschr 35:833, 1898. 5. Villard, E., and Tavernier, L.: Suture ovariomésentérique dans un cas de cirrhose du foie , Lyon Med 114:1113, 1910. 6. Gunn, K. E. L. G.: Trans Roy Acad Ireland , 8:12, 1911. 7. Enderlen, Hotz, and Magnus-Alsleben: Die Pathologie und Therapie des Pfortadverschlusses , Z Ges Exp Med 3:261, 1914. 8. Bogoraz, N. A.: La Transplantation de la veine mésentère supérieure dans la veine cava inférieure , Med Russe 2:63, 1913. 9. Ruotte, M.: Abouchement de la veine saphène externe au péritoine pour résorber les épanchements sciatiques , Lyon Med 109:574, 1907. 10. Lanz: Eröffnung neuer Abfuhrwege bei Stauung in Bauch und unteren Extremitäten , Zbl Chir 38:153, 1911. 11. Handley, W. S.: Surgery of Lymphatic System , Brit Med J 1:853, 1910.Crossref 12. Paterson, P.: The Treatment of Ascites by Drainage Into the Subcutaneous Tissues of the Abdomen , Lancet 2:1273, 1910.Crossref 13. Spivack, J. L.: The Surgical Technic of Abdominal Operations , Chicago: S. B. DeBour, 1941. 14. Walters, W.; Rowntree, L. G.; and McIndoe, A. H.: Ligation of the Coronary Veins for Bleeding Esophageal Varices , Proc Mayo Clin 4:146, 1929. 15. Westphal, K.: Über eine Kompressionsbehandlung der Blutungen aus Oesophagusvarizen , Deutsch Med Wschr 2:1135, 1930. 16. Sengstaken, R. W., and Blakemore, A. H.: Balloon Tamponage for the Control of Hemorrhage From Esophageal Varices , Ann Surg 131:781, 1950.Crossref 17. Crafoord, C., and Fenckner, P.: New Surgical Treatment of Varicose Veins of the Esophagus , Acta Otolaryng (Stockholm) 27:422, 1939.Crossref 18. Wangensteen, O. H.: The Ulcer Problem (Listerian Oration) , Canad Med Ass J 53:309, 1945. 19. Phemister, D. G., and Humphreys, E. M.: Gastro-Esophageal Resection and Total Gastrectomy in the Treatment of Bleeding Varicose Veins in Banti's Syndrome , Ann Surg 126:397, 1947.Crossref 20. Linton, R. R., and Warren, R.: The Emergency Treatment of Massive Bleeding From Esophageal Varices by Transesophageal Suture of These Vessels at the Time of Acute Hemorrhage , Surgery 33:243, 1953. 21. Crile, G., Jr.: Transesophageal Ligation of Bleeding Esophageal Varices , Arch Surg 61:654, 1950.Crossref 22. Whipple, A. O.: The Problem of Portal Hypertension in Relation to the Hepatosplenopathies , Ann Surg 122:449, 1945.Crossref 23. Blakemore, A. H., and Lord, J. W.: The Technique of Using Vitallium Tubes in Establishing Portacaval Shunts for Portal Hypertension , Ann Surg 122:476, 1945.Crossref 24. Large, A. M., and Johnston, C. G.: Evaluation of the Portacaval Shunt , Amer J Gastroent 36:15, 1961. 25. Womack, N., and Peters, R.: Surgery of Vascular Distortions , Ann Surg 154:435, 1961. 26. McDermott, W.: Portacaval Shunt in the Treatment of Ascites , Surg Gynec Obstet 110:457, 1960. 27. Nachlas, M. M.: A Critical Evaluation of Venous Shunts for the Treatment of Cirrhotic Patients With Esophageal Varices , Ann Surg 148: 169, 1958.Crossref 28. Nylander, P. E. A., and Turunen, M.: Transposition of the Spleen Into the Thoracic Cavity in Cases of Portal Hypertension , Ann Surg 142:954, 1955.Crossref 29. Turunen, M., and Laitinen, H.: Collateral Circulation Between a Spleen Transposited Into the Thoracic Cavity and the Vena Cava Superior , Ann Surg 149:443, 1959.Crossref 30. Remillard, F. A.; Connen, P. E.; and Walker, G. R.: Production of Portal Hypertension in Dogs by a New Method , Surg Gynec Obstet 112: 543, 1961. 31. Berman, E. J.; Gerig, E. L.: Bakemier, R.; and Rutherford, J.: Omentocavopexy, to be published. 32. Verwiler, W.; Grindley, J. H.; and Ballman, J. L.: Relation of Portal Vein Pressure to Formation of Ascites , Gastroenterology 14:40, 1950. 33. Taylor, F. W.: Portal Pressure and Its Dependence on Extreme Pressure , Ann Surg 140: 652, 1954.Crossref 34. Taylor, F. W., and Egbert, H. L.: Portal Tension , Surg Gynec Obstet 92:64, 1951. 35. Berman, J. K.; Berman, E. J.; and Habegger, E. D.: Vascular Crisis in Atrophic Cirrhosis of the Liver , Wisconsin Med J 51:1175, 1952. 36. Berman, J. K., and Hull, J. E.: Circulation in the Normal and Cirrhotic Liver , Ann Surg 137: 424-432, 1953.Crossref 37. Berman, J. K., and Hull, J. E.: Hepatic, Splenic, and Left Gastric Arterial Ligations in Advanced Portal Cirrhosis , AMA Arch Surg 65:37, 1952.Crossref 38. Berman, J. K., and Fields, D. C.: Advanced Atrophic Cirrhosis: Present Status of Hepatic, Splenic, and Left Gastric Arterial Occlusion as an Aid in the Control of its Complications , AMA Arch Surg 68:432-441, 1954.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Surgery American Medical Association

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1963 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0004-0010
eISSN
1538-3644
DOI
10.1001/archsurg.1963.01310120126019
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Abstract

Abstract Historical Review In 1877 Nicholai von Eck opened the era of portacaval anastomosis with a report of experiments involving eight dogs.1 He anastomosed the side of the portal vein to the side of the inferior vena cava, then tied off the portal vein at the porta hepatis. He concluded that such a diversion of portal flow could be safely accomplished and proposed that this fistula be used in some cases of ascites. It was not for 26 years, however, that the "Eck fistula" was to be applied to man. Vidal2 in 1903 successfully performed the operation for ascites and obtained some benefit but only a four-month survival. Drummond and Morrison3 in 1896 and Talma4 in 1898 independently described the procedure of omentopexy in which abrasive trauma was applied to omentum, peritoneum, liver, and diaphragm to promote vascular adhesions. Villard and Tavenier5 in 1910 and Gunn References 1. von Eck, N. V.: Ligature of Portal Vein , Voyemo Med J 130:1, 1877. 2. Vidal, N.: Traitment chirurgical des ascites , Presse Med 2:747, 1903. 3. Drummond, D., and Morrison, R.: A Case of Ascites Due to Cirrhosis of the Liver Cured by Operation , Brit Med J 2:728, 1896. 4. Talma, S.: Chirurgische Öffnung neuer Seitenbahnen für das Blut der Vena Porta , Klin Wschr 35:833, 1898. 5. Villard, E., and Tavernier, L.: Suture ovariomésentérique dans un cas de cirrhose du foie , Lyon Med 114:1113, 1910. 6. Gunn, K. E. L. G.: Trans Roy Acad Ireland , 8:12, 1911. 7. Enderlen, Hotz, and Magnus-Alsleben: Die Pathologie und Therapie des Pfortadverschlusses , Z Ges Exp Med 3:261, 1914. 8. Bogoraz, N. A.: La Transplantation de la veine mésentère supérieure dans la veine cava inférieure , Med Russe 2:63, 1913. 9. Ruotte, M.: Abouchement de la veine saphène externe au péritoine pour résorber les épanchements sciatiques , Lyon Med 109:574, 1907. 10. Lanz: Eröffnung neuer Abfuhrwege bei Stauung in Bauch und unteren Extremitäten , Zbl Chir 38:153, 1911. 11. Handley, W. S.: Surgery of Lymphatic System , Brit Med J 1:853, 1910.Crossref 12. Paterson, P.: The Treatment of Ascites by Drainage Into the Subcutaneous Tissues of the Abdomen , Lancet 2:1273, 1910.Crossref 13. Spivack, J. L.: The Surgical Technic of Abdominal Operations , Chicago: S. B. DeBour, 1941. 14. Walters, W.; Rowntree, L. G.; and McIndoe, A. H.: Ligation of the Coronary Veins for Bleeding Esophageal Varices , Proc Mayo Clin 4:146, 1929. 15. Westphal, K.: Über eine Kompressionsbehandlung der Blutungen aus Oesophagusvarizen , Deutsch Med Wschr 2:1135, 1930. 16. Sengstaken, R. W., and Blakemore, A. H.: Balloon Tamponage for the Control of Hemorrhage From Esophageal Varices , Ann Surg 131:781, 1950.Crossref 17. Crafoord, C., and Fenckner, P.: New Surgical Treatment of Varicose Veins of the Esophagus , Acta Otolaryng (Stockholm) 27:422, 1939.Crossref 18. Wangensteen, O. H.: The Ulcer Problem (Listerian Oration) , Canad Med Ass J 53:309, 1945. 19. Phemister, D. G., and Humphreys, E. M.: Gastro-Esophageal Resection and Total Gastrectomy in the Treatment of Bleeding Varicose Veins in Banti's Syndrome , Ann Surg 126:397, 1947.Crossref 20. Linton, R. R., and Warren, R.: The Emergency Treatment of Massive Bleeding From Esophageal Varices by Transesophageal Suture of These Vessels at the Time of Acute Hemorrhage , Surgery 33:243, 1953. 21. Crile, G., Jr.: Transesophageal Ligation of Bleeding Esophageal Varices , Arch Surg 61:654, 1950.Crossref 22. Whipple, A. O.: The Problem of Portal Hypertension in Relation to the Hepatosplenopathies , Ann Surg 122:449, 1945.Crossref 23. Blakemore, A. H., and Lord, J. W.: The Technique of Using Vitallium Tubes in Establishing Portacaval Shunts for Portal Hypertension , Ann Surg 122:476, 1945.Crossref 24. Large, A. M., and Johnston, C. G.: Evaluation of the Portacaval Shunt , Amer J Gastroent 36:15, 1961. 25. Womack, N., and Peters, R.: Surgery of Vascular Distortions , Ann Surg 154:435, 1961. 26. McDermott, W.: Portacaval Shunt in the Treatment of Ascites , Surg Gynec Obstet 110:457, 1960. 27. Nachlas, M. M.: A Critical Evaluation of Venous Shunts for the Treatment of Cirrhotic Patients With Esophageal Varices , Ann Surg 148: 169, 1958.Crossref 28. Nylander, P. E. A., and Turunen, M.: Transposition of the Spleen Into the Thoracic Cavity in Cases of Portal Hypertension , Ann Surg 142:954, 1955.Crossref 29. Turunen, M., and Laitinen, H.: Collateral Circulation Between a Spleen Transposited Into the Thoracic Cavity and the Vena Cava Superior , Ann Surg 149:443, 1959.Crossref 30. Remillard, F. A.; Connen, P. E.; and Walker, G. R.: Production of Portal Hypertension in Dogs by a New Method , Surg Gynec Obstet 112: 543, 1961. 31. Berman, E. J.; Gerig, E. L.: Bakemier, R.; and Rutherford, J.: Omentocavopexy, to be published. 32. Verwiler, W.; Grindley, J. H.; and Ballman, J. L.: Relation of Portal Vein Pressure to Formation of Ascites , Gastroenterology 14:40, 1950. 33. Taylor, F. W.: Portal Pressure and Its Dependence on Extreme Pressure , Ann Surg 140: 652, 1954.Crossref 34. Taylor, F. W., and Egbert, H. L.: Portal Tension , Surg Gynec Obstet 92:64, 1951. 35. Berman, J. K.; Berman, E. J.; and Habegger, E. D.: Vascular Crisis in Atrophic Cirrhosis of the Liver , Wisconsin Med J 51:1175, 1952. 36. Berman, J. K., and Hull, J. E.: Circulation in the Normal and Cirrhotic Liver , Ann Surg 137: 424-432, 1953.Crossref 37. Berman, J. K., and Hull, J. E.: Hepatic, Splenic, and Left Gastric Arterial Ligations in Advanced Portal Cirrhosis , AMA Arch Surg 65:37, 1952.Crossref 38. Berman, J. K., and Fields, D. C.: Advanced Atrophic Cirrhosis: Present Status of Hepatic, Splenic, and Left Gastric Arterial Occlusion as an Aid in the Control of its Complications , AMA Arch Surg 68:432-441, 1954.Crossref

Journal

Archives of SurgeryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jun 1, 1963

References