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OFFICE NOISES AND THEIR EFFECT ON AUDIOMETRY

OFFICE NOISES AND THEIR EFFECT ON AUDIOMETRY Abstract There is much difference of opinion among otologists, and others who test hearing, concerning the relative value of soundproof or so-called quiet rooms for hearing tests. Some maintain that a soundproof room is necessary, while others go so far as to state that the sense of hearing, which normally is used in a noisy environment, should be tested in the presence of noise. A special committee of otologists, appointed in London in 1929 to study problems concerned with hearing tests, stated, after consideration of the testing environment, that it did "not recommend the use of a silent room for ordinary hearing tests, but that these tests should be carried out in a reasonably quiet room."1 This conclusion, as well as others reported by the committee, was severely criticized by Hallpike2 and others. Since 1929 advances have been made not only in the different branches of otology, including hearing and its References 1. Report of Committee for the Consideration of Hearing Tests , J. Laryng. & Otol. 48:22 ( (Jan.) ) 1933. 2. Hallpike, C. S.: Critical Review: The Hearing Tests Committee Report , J. Laryng. & Otol. 48:114 ( (Feb.) ) 1933. 3. Behnke, A. R., Jr.: Noise in Relation to Hearing and Efficiency , New York State J . Med. 40:1080 ( (July 15) ) 1940. 4. Carter, H.: A.: Decibels and Cycles , Tr. Am. Acad. Ophth. (1940) 45:21 ( (May) -June) 1941. 5. Dennis, E. B., Jr.: Noise: Its Measurement, Effect and Control , New York State J. Med. 30:573 ( (May 15) ) 1930. 6. Fowler, E. P., Jr.: Extraneous Factors in Quantitative Tests for Hearing , Acta oto-laryng. 28:283, 1940. 7. McCord, C. P.; Teal, E. E., and Witheridge, W. N.: Noise and Its Effect on Human Beings; Noise Control as a By-Product of Air Conditioning , J. A. M. A. 110:1553 ( (May 7) ) 1938. 8. Sabine, P. E.: Acoustics and Architecture , ed. 1, New York, McGray-Hill Book Company, 1932, p. 204 9. Watson, F. R.: Acoustics of Building , ed. 3, New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1941, p. 131. 10. Dean, S. W., and Bunch, C. C.: The Use of the Pitch Range Audiometer in Otology , Laryngoscope 29:453 ( (Aug.) ) 1919. 11. Sabine, H. J.: Portable Reverberation Meter , Electronics , (March) , 1937, p. 30. 12. Fletcher, H.: Speech and Hearing , New York, The Macmillan Coompany, 1929. 13. Fowler, E. P., Sr.: Medicine of the Ear , New York, Thos. Nelson & Sons, 1939, p. 369. 14. Newhart, H.: Progress in the Conservation of Hearing , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 50:129 ( (March) ) 1941. 15. Jones, I. H., and Knudsen, V. O.: What Audiometry Can Now Mean in Routine Practice , J. A. M. A. 111:597 ( (Aug. 13) ) 1938. 16. Watson, L. A.: Audiometers, Hearing Aids, and the Ear Specialist: An Address and Symposium , Minneapolis, Minn., The Maico Company, Inc., 1941, p. 15. 17. Sjöberg, A. A.: Critical Review of Electro-Acoustic Test Methods and Choice of Amplifier to Improve Hearing , Acta oto-laryng. 28:437, 1940. 18. Larsen, B.: Investigations of Professional Deafness in Shipyard and Machine Factory Labourers , Acta oto-laryng. , 1939, (supp. 36) , pp. 3-255. 19. Crowe, S. J., and Burnam, C. F.: Recognition, Treatment and Prevention of Hearing Impairment in Children , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 50:15 ( (March) ) 1941. 20. Guild, S. R.; Polvogt, L. M.; Sandstead, H. R.; Loch, W. E.; Langer, E.; Robbins, M. H., and Parr, W. A.: Impaired Hearing in School Children , Laryngoscope 50:731 ( (Aug.) ) 1940. 21. Gardner, W. H.: Report of the Committee on Hard of Hearing Children for the School Year of 1938-1939 , Tr. Am. Soc. Hard of Hearing , 1940, p. 103. 22. Rosenthal, M.: Use of Prostigmine for Impaired Hearing , Arch. Otolaryng. 34:540 ( (Sept.) ) 1941. 23. Hughson, W., and Witting, E. G.: Estimation of Improvement in Hearing Following Therapy of Deafness , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 49:368 ( (June) ) 1940. 24. Kinney, C. E.: Testing Hearing and Evaluation of Results in Mathematical Figures , West Virginia M. J. 37:448 ( (Oct.) ) 1941. 25. Witting, E. G., and Hughson, W.: Inherent Accuracy of a Series of Repeated Clinical Audiograms , Laryngoscope 50:259 ( (March) ) 1940. 26. Bunch, C. C.: Personal communication to the author. 27. Sutherland, R. T.: The Noise Problem and Its Minimization Aboard Ship (unpublished report); cited by Behnke.3a 28. Electronics' Chart of Sound Levels , Electronics 4:43 ( (Feb.) ) 1932. 29. Without the industry, cooperation, and stimulation of Dr. Frank Impastato the present work could not have been done. Both he and I had just completed a year of postgraduate study and had had special training in audiometry under Dr. C. C. Bunch when this research was undertaken. 30. Bunch, C. C.: Clinical Aspects of Audiometry, to be published. 31. Newhart, H., and Hartig, H. E.: An Efficient and Practical Booth for Testing Hearing , Arch. Otolaryng. 28:1000 ( (Dec.) ) 1938. 32. Burr, E. G., and Mortimer, H.: Improvements in Audiometry at the Montreal General Hospital , Canad. M. A. J. 40:22 ( (Jan.) ) 1939. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

OFFICE NOISES AND THEIR EFFECT ON AUDIOMETRY

Archives of Otolaryngology , Volume 38 (1) – Jul 1, 1943

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1943 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9977
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1943.00670040058006
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Abstract

Abstract There is much difference of opinion among otologists, and others who test hearing, concerning the relative value of soundproof or so-called quiet rooms for hearing tests. Some maintain that a soundproof room is necessary, while others go so far as to state that the sense of hearing, which normally is used in a noisy environment, should be tested in the presence of noise. A special committee of otologists, appointed in London in 1929 to study problems concerned with hearing tests, stated, after consideration of the testing environment, that it did "not recommend the use of a silent room for ordinary hearing tests, but that these tests should be carried out in a reasonably quiet room."1 This conclusion, as well as others reported by the committee, was severely criticized by Hallpike2 and others. Since 1929 advances have been made not only in the different branches of otology, including hearing and its References 1. Report of Committee for the Consideration of Hearing Tests , J. Laryng. & Otol. 48:22 ( (Jan.) ) 1933. 2. Hallpike, C. S.: Critical Review: The Hearing Tests Committee Report , J. Laryng. & Otol. 48:114 ( (Feb.) ) 1933. 3. Behnke, A. R., Jr.: Noise in Relation to Hearing and Efficiency , New York State J . Med. 40:1080 ( (July 15) ) 1940. 4. Carter, H.: A.: Decibels and Cycles , Tr. Am. Acad. Ophth. (1940) 45:21 ( (May) -June) 1941. 5. Dennis, E. B., Jr.: Noise: Its Measurement, Effect and Control , New York State J. Med. 30:573 ( (May 15) ) 1930. 6. Fowler, E. P., Jr.: Extraneous Factors in Quantitative Tests for Hearing , Acta oto-laryng. 28:283, 1940. 7. McCord, C. P.; Teal, E. E., and Witheridge, W. N.: Noise and Its Effect on Human Beings; Noise Control as a By-Product of Air Conditioning , J. A. M. A. 110:1553 ( (May 7) ) 1938. 8. Sabine, P. E.: Acoustics and Architecture , ed. 1, New York, McGray-Hill Book Company, 1932, p. 204 9. Watson, F. R.: Acoustics of Building , ed. 3, New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1941, p. 131. 10. Dean, S. W., and Bunch, C. C.: The Use of the Pitch Range Audiometer in Otology , Laryngoscope 29:453 ( (Aug.) ) 1919. 11. Sabine, H. J.: Portable Reverberation Meter , Electronics , (March) , 1937, p. 30. 12. Fletcher, H.: Speech and Hearing , New York, The Macmillan Coompany, 1929. 13. Fowler, E. P., Sr.: Medicine of the Ear , New York, Thos. Nelson & Sons, 1939, p. 369. 14. Newhart, H.: Progress in the Conservation of Hearing , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 50:129 ( (March) ) 1941. 15. Jones, I. H., and Knudsen, V. O.: What Audiometry Can Now Mean in Routine Practice , J. A. M. A. 111:597 ( (Aug. 13) ) 1938. 16. Watson, L. A.: Audiometers, Hearing Aids, and the Ear Specialist: An Address and Symposium , Minneapolis, Minn., The Maico Company, Inc., 1941, p. 15. 17. Sjöberg, A. A.: Critical Review of Electro-Acoustic Test Methods and Choice of Amplifier to Improve Hearing , Acta oto-laryng. 28:437, 1940. 18. Larsen, B.: Investigations of Professional Deafness in Shipyard and Machine Factory Labourers , Acta oto-laryng. , 1939, (supp. 36) , pp. 3-255. 19. Crowe, S. J., and Burnam, C. F.: Recognition, Treatment and Prevention of Hearing Impairment in Children , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 50:15 ( (March) ) 1941. 20. Guild, S. R.; Polvogt, L. M.; Sandstead, H. R.; Loch, W. E.; Langer, E.; Robbins, M. H., and Parr, W. A.: Impaired Hearing in School Children , Laryngoscope 50:731 ( (Aug.) ) 1940. 21. Gardner, W. H.: Report of the Committee on Hard of Hearing Children for the School Year of 1938-1939 , Tr. Am. Soc. Hard of Hearing , 1940, p. 103. 22. Rosenthal, M.: Use of Prostigmine for Impaired Hearing , Arch. Otolaryng. 34:540 ( (Sept.) ) 1941. 23. Hughson, W., and Witting, E. G.: Estimation of Improvement in Hearing Following Therapy of Deafness , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 49:368 ( (June) ) 1940. 24. Kinney, C. E.: Testing Hearing and Evaluation of Results in Mathematical Figures , West Virginia M. J. 37:448 ( (Oct.) ) 1941. 25. Witting, E. G., and Hughson, W.: Inherent Accuracy of a Series of Repeated Clinical Audiograms , Laryngoscope 50:259 ( (March) ) 1940. 26. Bunch, C. C.: Personal communication to the author. 27. Sutherland, R. T.: The Noise Problem and Its Minimization Aboard Ship (unpublished report); cited by Behnke.3a 28. Electronics' Chart of Sound Levels , Electronics 4:43 ( (Feb.) ) 1932. 29. Without the industry, cooperation, and stimulation of Dr. Frank Impastato the present work could not have been done. Both he and I had just completed a year of postgraduate study and had had special training in audiometry under Dr. C. C. Bunch when this research was undertaken. 30. Bunch, C. C.: Clinical Aspects of Audiometry, to be published. 31. Newhart, H., and Hartig, H. E.: An Efficient and Practical Booth for Testing Hearing , Arch. Otolaryng. 28:1000 ( (Dec.) ) 1938. 32. Burr, E. G., and Mortimer, H.: Improvements in Audiometry at the Montreal General Hospital , Canad. M. A. J. 40:22 ( (Jan.) ) 1939.

Journal

Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jul 1, 1943

References