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OCULAR PERIARTERITIS NODOSA: Report of Two Cases

OCULAR PERIARTERITIS NODOSA: Report of Two Cases Abstract ROKITANSKY,1 in 1852, first reported the case of a 23-year-old man dying with diarrhea in whom necropsy examination revealed unusual nodules associated with most of the arteries except those of the brain and the aorta. It was not until 1866, however, that Kussmaul and Maier2 established the entity of periarteritis nodosa. Eppinger3 later reviewed the microscopic sections in Rokitansky's case and showed it truly to be one of periarteritis nodosa. Since then, there have been many reports of cases of this condition in the literature and several notable reviews.4 Though relatively rare, the disease has now been well established as an entity. It is a condition primarily affecting medium and small arteries. The protean signs and symptoms of the disease are thus explained by its ability to attack medium and small arteries of one or more of the body systems. For this reason, it may simulate References 1. von Rokitansky, C.: Über einige der wichtigsten Erkrankungen der Arterien , Vienna, Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, 1852, p. 49. 2. Kussmaul, A., and Maier, R.: Über eine bisher nicht beschriebene eigenthümliche Arterienerkrankung (Periarteriitis nodosa), die mit Morbus Brightii und schnell fortschreitender allegemeiner Muskellähmungeinhergeht , Deutsches Arch. klin. Med. 1:484-518, 1866. 3. Eppinger, H.: Pathogenesis (Histogenesis und Ätiologie) der Aneurysmen einschliessich des Aneurysma equi verminosum , Arch. klin. Chir. 35 ( (Supp.) ), 1887, pp. 42-125. 4. (a) Arkin, A.: A Clinical and Pathological Study of Periarteritis Nodosa , Am. J. Path. 6:401-426, 1930. 5. (b) Harris, A. W.; Lynch, G. W., and O'Hare, J. P.: Periarteritis Nodosa , Arch. Int. Med. 63:1163-1182, 1939.Crossref 6. (c) Howard, C. P.: Periarteritis Nodosa , Canad. M. A. J. 15:473-475, 1925. 7. (d) Ophüls, W.: Periarteritis Acuta Nodosa , Arch. Int. Med. 32:870-898, 1923.Crossref 8. (e) Curtis, A. C., and Coffey, R. M.: Periarteritis Nodosa , Ann. Int. Med. 7:1345-1358, 1934.Crossref 9. (a) Longcope, W. T.: Periarteritis Nodosa, with Report of a Case with Autopsy , Bull. Ayer Clin. Lab., Pennsylvania Hosp. 5:1-31, 1908. 10. (b) Goldstein, I., and Wexler, D.: Ocular Pathology of Periarteritis Nodosa , Arch. Ophth. 2:288, 1929.Crossref 11. Harris, W. H., and Friedrichs, A. V.: Experimental Production of Periarteritis Nodosa in the Rabbit, with a Consideration of the Specific Causal Excitant , J. Exper. Med. 36:219-230, 1922.Crossref 12. Jones, G. M.: Periarteritis Nodosa with Case Report , Ann. Int. Med. 16:920-940, 1942.Crossref 13. Rich, A. R.: Role of Hypersensitivity in Periarteritis Nodosa , Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 71:123-140, 1942. 14. Rich, A. R., and Gregory, J. E.: Experimental Demonstration That Periarteritis Nodosa Is a Manifestation of Hypersensitivity , Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 72:65-88, 1943. 15. Baehr, G., and Pollock, A. D.: Disseminated Lupus Erythematosus and Diffuse Scleroderma , J. A. M. A. 134:1169-1174, 1947.Crossref 16. Solomon, S.; Kasich, M., and Kiven, N.: Periarteritis Nodosa, with Report of Three Cases Diagnosed During Life , Ann. Int. Med. 21:638-644, 1944.Crossref 17. Boyd, Linn, J.: Clinical Aspects of Periarteritis Nodosa , Bull. New York M. Coll., Flower & Fifth Ave. Hosp. 3:32-40, 1940. 18. (b) Böck, J.: Über einen Fall von Periarteriitis nodosa mit histologisch nachgewiesenen Veränderungen von Muskel- und Ziliargefässen des Auges , Ztschr. Augenh. 69:225, 1929. 19. Boyd, L. J.: Cerebral and Ocular Manifestations of Periarteritis Nodosa , Bull. N. Y. Med. Coll., Flower & Fifth Ave. Hosps. 6:130-137, 1943. 20. Böck, J.: Ein Beitrag zur Periarteritis nodosa am Auge , Ztschr. Augenh. 78:28-40, 1932. 21. (b) Sampson, R.: Periarteritis Nodosa Affecting the Eye , Brit. J. Ophth. 29:282 ( (June) ) 1945. 22. Harbert, F., and McPherson, S. D.: Scleral Necrosis in Periarteritis Nodosa , Am. J. Ophth. 30:727, 1947. 23. King, E. F.: Ocular Involvement in a Case of Periarteritis Nodosa , Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 55:246, 1935. 24. (b) Goldsmith, J.: Periarteritis Nodosa with Involvement of the Choroidal and Retinal Arteries , Am. J. Ophth. 29:435-446, 1946. 25. (b) Friedenwald, J. S., and Rones, B.: Ocular Lesions in Septicemia , Arch. Ophth. 5:175-188, 1931.Crossref 26. (c) Gaynon, I. E., and Asbury, M. K.: Ocular Findings in a Case of Periarteritis Nodosa , Am. J. Ophth. 26:1072-1076, 1943. 27. (d) Helpern, M., and Trubek, M.: Necrotizing Arteritis and Subacute Glomerulonephritis in Gonococcic Endocarditis , Arch. Path. 15:35-50, 1933. 28. (e) Herson, R. N., and Sampson, R.: Ocular Manifestations of Polyarteritis Nodosa , Quart. J. Med. 18:123-132, 1949. 29. (f) Motley, L.: Periarteritis Nodosa , J. A. M. A. 106:898-902, 1936.Crossref 30. Arkin.4a Sampson.11b Friedenwald and Rones.15b Gaynon and Asbury.15c Herson and Sampson.15e 31. King.13 Friedenwald and Rones.15b Gaynon and Asbury.15c Helpern and Trubek,15d Herson and Sampson.15e 32. Arkin.4a Böck.10 Sampson.11b Herson and Sampson.15e 33. Gaynon and Asbury.15e Herson and Sampson.15e 34. (a) Bernstein, A.: Periarteritis Nodosa Without Peripheral Nodules Diagnosed Antemortem , Am. J. M. Sc. 190:317-324, 1935.Crossref 35. (b) Evans, H.: Periarteritis Nodosa with Marked Eosinophilia , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 37:40, 1943. 36. (c) von Herrenschwand, F.: Über morphologische Befunde am Auge bei Periarteriitis Nodosa im Vergleich zu denen bei Sepsis lenta , Klin. Monatsbl. Augenh. 83:419-432, 1929. 37. (d) Müller, P.: Über Periarteriitis Nodosa, Festschrift zur Feier des fünfzigjährigen Bestehens des Stadtkrankenhauses zu Dresden-Friedrichstadt , Dresden, W. Baensch., 1899, Pt. 2, pp. 457-480. 38. (h) Goldstein, I., and Wexler, D.: Bilateral Atrophy of the Optic Nerve in Periarteritis Nodosa , Arch. Ophth. 18:767-776, 1937.Crossref 39. Sampson.11b Herson and Sampson.15e 40. Friedenwald and Rones.15b Goldstein and Wexler.21h von Herrenschwand.20c 41. Ingalls, R. G.: Bilateral Uveitis and Keratitis Accompanying Periarteritis Nodosa , Tr. Am. Acad. Ophth. 55:630-631, 1951. 42. Böck, J.: Zur pathologischen Anatomie der Periarteriitis nodosa des Auges , von Graefes Arch. Ophth. 144:689-717, 1942.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

OCULAR PERIARTERITIS NODOSA: Report of Two Cases

A.M.A. Archives of Ophthalmology , Volume 48 (1) – Jul 1, 1952

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1952 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6339
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1952.00920010004001
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Abstract

Abstract ROKITANSKY,1 in 1852, first reported the case of a 23-year-old man dying with diarrhea in whom necropsy examination revealed unusual nodules associated with most of the arteries except those of the brain and the aorta. It was not until 1866, however, that Kussmaul and Maier2 established the entity of periarteritis nodosa. Eppinger3 later reviewed the microscopic sections in Rokitansky's case and showed it truly to be one of periarteritis nodosa. Since then, there have been many reports of cases of this condition in the literature and several notable reviews.4 Though relatively rare, the disease has now been well established as an entity. It is a condition primarily affecting medium and small arteries. The protean signs and symptoms of the disease are thus explained by its ability to attack medium and small arteries of one or more of the body systems. For this reason, it may simulate References 1. von Rokitansky, C.: Über einige der wichtigsten Erkrankungen der Arterien , Vienna, Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, 1852, p. 49. 2. Kussmaul, A., and Maier, R.: Über eine bisher nicht beschriebene eigenthümliche Arterienerkrankung (Periarteriitis nodosa), die mit Morbus Brightii und schnell fortschreitender allegemeiner Muskellähmungeinhergeht , Deutsches Arch. klin. Med. 1:484-518, 1866. 3. Eppinger, H.: Pathogenesis (Histogenesis und Ätiologie) der Aneurysmen einschliessich des Aneurysma equi verminosum , Arch. klin. Chir. 35 ( (Supp.) ), 1887, pp. 42-125. 4. (a) Arkin, A.: A Clinical and Pathological Study of Periarteritis Nodosa , Am. J. Path. 6:401-426, 1930. 5. (b) Harris, A. W.; Lynch, G. W., and O'Hare, J. P.: Periarteritis Nodosa , Arch. Int. Med. 63:1163-1182, 1939.Crossref 6. (c) Howard, C. P.: Periarteritis Nodosa , Canad. M. A. J. 15:473-475, 1925. 7. (d) Ophüls, W.: Periarteritis Acuta Nodosa , Arch. Int. Med. 32:870-898, 1923.Crossref 8. (e) Curtis, A. C., and Coffey, R. M.: Periarteritis Nodosa , Ann. Int. Med. 7:1345-1358, 1934.Crossref 9. (a) Longcope, W. T.: Periarteritis Nodosa, with Report of a Case with Autopsy , Bull. Ayer Clin. Lab., Pennsylvania Hosp. 5:1-31, 1908. 10. (b) Goldstein, I., and Wexler, D.: Ocular Pathology of Periarteritis Nodosa , Arch. Ophth. 2:288, 1929.Crossref 11. Harris, W. H., and Friedrichs, A. V.: Experimental Production of Periarteritis Nodosa in the Rabbit, with a Consideration of the Specific Causal Excitant , J. Exper. Med. 36:219-230, 1922.Crossref 12. Jones, G. M.: Periarteritis Nodosa with Case Report , Ann. Int. Med. 16:920-940, 1942.Crossref 13. Rich, A. R.: Role of Hypersensitivity in Periarteritis Nodosa , Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 71:123-140, 1942. 14. Rich, A. R., and Gregory, J. E.: Experimental Demonstration That Periarteritis Nodosa Is a Manifestation of Hypersensitivity , Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 72:65-88, 1943. 15. Baehr, G., and Pollock, A. D.: Disseminated Lupus Erythematosus and Diffuse Scleroderma , J. A. M. A. 134:1169-1174, 1947.Crossref 16. Solomon, S.; Kasich, M., and Kiven, N.: Periarteritis Nodosa, with Report of Three Cases Diagnosed During Life , Ann. Int. Med. 21:638-644, 1944.Crossref 17. Boyd, Linn, J.: Clinical Aspects of Periarteritis Nodosa , Bull. New York M. Coll., Flower & Fifth Ave. Hosp. 3:32-40, 1940. 18. (b) Böck, J.: Über einen Fall von Periarteriitis nodosa mit histologisch nachgewiesenen Veränderungen von Muskel- und Ziliargefässen des Auges , Ztschr. Augenh. 69:225, 1929. 19. Boyd, L. J.: Cerebral and Ocular Manifestations of Periarteritis Nodosa , Bull. N. Y. Med. Coll., Flower & Fifth Ave. Hosps. 6:130-137, 1943. 20. Böck, J.: Ein Beitrag zur Periarteritis nodosa am Auge , Ztschr. Augenh. 78:28-40, 1932. 21. (b) Sampson, R.: Periarteritis Nodosa Affecting the Eye , Brit. J. Ophth. 29:282 ( (June) ) 1945. 22. Harbert, F., and McPherson, S. D.: Scleral Necrosis in Periarteritis Nodosa , Am. J. Ophth. 30:727, 1947. 23. King, E. F.: Ocular Involvement in a Case of Periarteritis Nodosa , Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 55:246, 1935. 24. (b) Goldsmith, J.: Periarteritis Nodosa with Involvement of the Choroidal and Retinal Arteries , Am. J. Ophth. 29:435-446, 1946. 25. (b) Friedenwald, J. S., and Rones, B.: Ocular Lesions in Septicemia , Arch. Ophth. 5:175-188, 1931.Crossref 26. (c) Gaynon, I. E., and Asbury, M. K.: Ocular Findings in a Case of Periarteritis Nodosa , Am. J. Ophth. 26:1072-1076, 1943. 27. (d) Helpern, M., and Trubek, M.: Necrotizing Arteritis and Subacute Glomerulonephritis in Gonococcic Endocarditis , Arch. Path. 15:35-50, 1933. 28. (e) Herson, R. N., and Sampson, R.: Ocular Manifestations of Polyarteritis Nodosa , Quart. J. Med. 18:123-132, 1949. 29. (f) Motley, L.: Periarteritis Nodosa , J. A. M. A. 106:898-902, 1936.Crossref 30. Arkin.4a Sampson.11b Friedenwald and Rones.15b Gaynon and Asbury.15c Herson and Sampson.15e 31. King.13 Friedenwald and Rones.15b Gaynon and Asbury.15c Helpern and Trubek,15d Herson and Sampson.15e 32. Arkin.4a Böck.10 Sampson.11b Herson and Sampson.15e 33. Gaynon and Asbury.15e Herson and Sampson.15e 34. (a) Bernstein, A.: Periarteritis Nodosa Without Peripheral Nodules Diagnosed Antemortem , Am. J. M. Sc. 190:317-324, 1935.Crossref 35. (b) Evans, H.: Periarteritis Nodosa with Marked Eosinophilia , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 37:40, 1943. 36. (c) von Herrenschwand, F.: Über morphologische Befunde am Auge bei Periarteriitis Nodosa im Vergleich zu denen bei Sepsis lenta , Klin. Monatsbl. Augenh. 83:419-432, 1929. 37. (d) Müller, P.: Über Periarteriitis Nodosa, Festschrift zur Feier des fünfzigjährigen Bestehens des Stadtkrankenhauses zu Dresden-Friedrichstadt , Dresden, W. Baensch., 1899, Pt. 2, pp. 457-480. 38. (h) Goldstein, I., and Wexler, D.: Bilateral Atrophy of the Optic Nerve in Periarteritis Nodosa , Arch. Ophth. 18:767-776, 1937.Crossref 39. Sampson.11b Herson and Sampson.15e 40. Friedenwald and Rones.15b Goldstein and Wexler.21h von Herrenschwand.20c 41. Ingalls, R. G.: Bilateral Uveitis and Keratitis Accompanying Periarteritis Nodosa , Tr. Am. Acad. Ophth. 55:630-631, 1951. 42. Böck, J.: Zur pathologischen Anatomie der Periarteriitis nodosa des Auges , von Graefes Arch. Ophth. 144:689-717, 1942.Crossref

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jul 1, 1952

References

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