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Ocular Echometry in the Diagnosis of Congenital Glaucoma

Ocular Echometry in the Diagnosis of Congenital Glaucoma Abstract • Thirty-three eyes of 18 normal infants and children and 36 eyes of infants in whom congenital glaucoma had been diagnosed were measured by echometry. The anterior chamber depth, vitreous length, and axial length were notably greater in glaucomatous eyes, while the lens thickness was smaller in glaucomatous eyes. The axial length of normal eyes was found to increase with age. The confidence interval of the normal growth curve allows the prediction of the maximum normal axial length for any given age. In congenital glaucoma cases in which the visual fields and daily pressure curve cannot be evaluated, clinical echometry is proposed as a valuable diagnostic and follow-up procedure. References 1. Sampaolesi R: La pression oculaire et le sinus camerulaire chez l'enfant normal et dans le glaucome congenital au-dessous de l'age de 5 ans . Doc Ophthalmol 1969;26:497-515.Crossref 2. Sampaolesi R, Reca R, Carro A, et al: Normaler intraocularer Druck bei Kindern bis zu 5 Jahren mit und ohne Allgemeinnarkose: Seine Wichtigkeit für die Frühdiagnose des Angeborene Glaukoms, Glaucoma Symposium, Wurzburg, Germany, 1974 . Stuttgart, Germany, Ferdinand Enke Verlag, 1976, pp 278-288. 3. Jansson F, Kock E: Determination of the velocity of ultrasound in the human lens and vitreous . Acta Ophthalmol 1962;39:899-910.Crossref 4. Francois J, Goes F: Oculometry of progressive myopia , in Ultrasonography on Ophthalmology . Basel, Switzerland, S Karger AG, 1975, vol 83, pp 277-282. 5. Gernet H, Hollwich F: Oculometrie des kindlichen Glaukoms . Ber Zusammenkunft Dtsch Ophthalmol Ges 1969;69:341-348. 6. Espildora Couso J, Vicuna P, Gormaz A: Alteraciones Biométricas en el Control Tardio del ojo con Glaucoma Congenito Operado, Glaucoma Symposium. The Panamerican Congress of Ophthalmology, Buenos Aires, 1979. 7. Luyckx J, Delmarcelle Y: Contribution of ultrasonography to the study of microcornea and megalocornea , in Gitter KA, Keeney AH, Sarin LK, et al (eds): Ophthalmic Ultrasound . St Louis, CV Mosby Co, 1969, pp 149-157. 8. Buschmann W, Bluth K: Regelmässige echographische Messung der Achsenlänge des Auges zur Kontrolle der Druckregulierung bei Hydrophthalmie . Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd 1974;165:878-886. 9. Buschmann W, Bluth K: Eine echographische Methode zur Verlaufskontrolle angeborener Glaukome . Albrecht Von Graefes Arch Klin Exp Ophthalmol 1974;192:313-329.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

Ocular Echometry in the Diagnosis of Congenital Glaucoma

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1982 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1982.01030030576003
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract • Thirty-three eyes of 18 normal infants and children and 36 eyes of infants in whom congenital glaucoma had been diagnosed were measured by echometry. The anterior chamber depth, vitreous length, and axial length were notably greater in glaucomatous eyes, while the lens thickness was smaller in glaucomatous eyes. The axial length of normal eyes was found to increase with age. The confidence interval of the normal growth curve allows the prediction of the maximum normal axial length for any given age. In congenital glaucoma cases in which the visual fields and daily pressure curve cannot be evaluated, clinical echometry is proposed as a valuable diagnostic and follow-up procedure. References 1. Sampaolesi R: La pression oculaire et le sinus camerulaire chez l'enfant normal et dans le glaucome congenital au-dessous de l'age de 5 ans . Doc Ophthalmol 1969;26:497-515.Crossref 2. Sampaolesi R, Reca R, Carro A, et al: Normaler intraocularer Druck bei Kindern bis zu 5 Jahren mit und ohne Allgemeinnarkose: Seine Wichtigkeit für die Frühdiagnose des Angeborene Glaukoms, Glaucoma Symposium, Wurzburg, Germany, 1974 . Stuttgart, Germany, Ferdinand Enke Verlag, 1976, pp 278-288. 3. Jansson F, Kock E: Determination of the velocity of ultrasound in the human lens and vitreous . Acta Ophthalmol 1962;39:899-910.Crossref 4. Francois J, Goes F: Oculometry of progressive myopia , in Ultrasonography on Ophthalmology . Basel, Switzerland, S Karger AG, 1975, vol 83, pp 277-282. 5. Gernet H, Hollwich F: Oculometrie des kindlichen Glaukoms . Ber Zusammenkunft Dtsch Ophthalmol Ges 1969;69:341-348. 6. Espildora Couso J, Vicuna P, Gormaz A: Alteraciones Biométricas en el Control Tardio del ojo con Glaucoma Congenito Operado, Glaucoma Symposium. The Panamerican Congress of Ophthalmology, Buenos Aires, 1979. 7. Luyckx J, Delmarcelle Y: Contribution of ultrasonography to the study of microcornea and megalocornea , in Gitter KA, Keeney AH, Sarin LK, et al (eds): Ophthalmic Ultrasound . St Louis, CV Mosby Co, 1969, pp 149-157. 8. Buschmann W, Bluth K: Regelmässige echographische Messung der Achsenlänge des Auges zur Kontrolle der Druckregulierung bei Hydrophthalmie . Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd 1974;165:878-886. 9. Buschmann W, Bluth K: Eine echographische Methode zur Verlaufskontrolle angeborener Glaukome . Albrecht Von Graefes Arch Klin Exp Ophthalmol 1974;192:313-329.Crossref

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Apr 1, 1982

References