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Obesity in Urban Black Adolescents of High and Low Relative Weight at 1 Year of Age

Obesity in Urban Black Adolescents of High and Low Relative Weight at 1 Year of Age Abstract • The prevalence of obesity was determined in 798 9 to 15-year-old Philadelphia subjects who had either a high (+1 SD) or a low (−1 SD) relative weight at 1 year of age. During the adolescent years, obesity was assessed by the triceps skin-fold thickness and by the relative weight, using national reference standards from the US Health Examination Survey. The prevalence of obesity for the high relative weight group at 1 year of age was three to four times higher than in the low relative weight group at 1 year of age. Compared with all urban youth of this age range, regardless of their status at 1 year of age, it is estimated that the risk ratio associated with a high relative weight at 1 year of age is approximately 1.6. (Am J Dis Child 132:862-864, 1978) References 1. Sveger T, Lindberg T, Weibull B, et al: Nutrition, overnutrition, and obesity in the first year of life in Malmö, Sweden . Acta Paediatr Scand 64:635-640, 1975.Crossref 2. Huenemann RL: Environmental factors associated with preschool obesity: II. Obesity and food practices of children at successive age levels . J Am Diet Assoc 64:488-491, 1974. 3. Mack RW, Ipsen J: The height-weight relationship in early childhood: Birth to 48 month correlations in an urban, low-income Negro population . Hum Biol 46:21-32, 1974. 4. Mellbin T, Vuille J-C: Weight gain in infancy and physical development between 7½ and 10½ years of age . Br J Prev Soc Med 30:233-238, 1976. 5. Hirsch J, Knittle JL: Cellularity of obese and nonobese human adipose tissue . Fed Proc 29:1516-1521, 1970. 6. Brook CDG, Lloyd JK, Wolf OH: Relation between age of onset of obesity and size and number of adipose cells . Br Med J 2:25-27, 1972.Crossref 7. Johnston FE, Hamill PVV, Lemeshow S: Skinfold Thickness of Children 6-11 Years: United States , US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Publication No. 73-1602. 1972. 8. Johnston FE, Hamill PVV, Lemeshow S: Skinfold Thickness of Youths 12-17 Years. United States , US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Publication No. 74-1614. 1974. 9. Hamill PVV, Drizd TA, Johnson CL, et al: NCHS growth charts, 1976 . Monthly Vital Statistics Report , HRA 76-1120, National Center Health Statistics, 1976, Vol 25. 10. Hamill PVV, Johnston FE, Grams W: Height and Weight of Children: United States , Public Health Service Publication No. 1000-series 11-No. 104. 1970. 11. Hamill PVV, Johnston FE, Lemeshow S: Height and Weight of Youths 12-17 Years: United States , US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Publication No. (HSM) 73-1606, 1973. 12. Forbes GB: Lean body mass and fat in obese children . Pediatrics 34:308-314, 1964. 13. Fisch RO, Bilek MK, Ulstrom R: Obesity and leanness at birth and their relationship to body habitus in later childhood . Pediatrics 56:521-528, 1975. 14. Keys A, Fidanze F, Karvonen MJ: Indices of relative weight and obesity . J Chronic Dis 25:329-343, 1972.Crossref 15. Billewicz WZ, Kemsley WFF, Thomson AM: Indices of adiposity . Br J Prev Soc Med 16:183-188, 1962. 16. Charney E, Goodman HC, McBride M, et al: Childhood antecedents of adult obesity . N Engl J Med 295:6-9, 1976.Crossref 17. Stunkard A, d'Aquili E, Fox S, et al: Influence of social class on obesity and thinness in children . JAMA 221:579-584, 1972.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American Journal of Diseases of Children American Medical Association

Obesity in Urban Black Adolescents of High and Low Relative Weight at 1 Year of Age

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1978 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0002-922X
DOI
10.1001/archpedi.1978.02120340038006
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract • The prevalence of obesity was determined in 798 9 to 15-year-old Philadelphia subjects who had either a high (+1 SD) or a low (−1 SD) relative weight at 1 year of age. During the adolescent years, obesity was assessed by the triceps skin-fold thickness and by the relative weight, using national reference standards from the US Health Examination Survey. The prevalence of obesity for the high relative weight group at 1 year of age was three to four times higher than in the low relative weight group at 1 year of age. Compared with all urban youth of this age range, regardless of their status at 1 year of age, it is estimated that the risk ratio associated with a high relative weight at 1 year of age is approximately 1.6. (Am J Dis Child 132:862-864, 1978) References 1. Sveger T, Lindberg T, Weibull B, et al: Nutrition, overnutrition, and obesity in the first year of life in Malmö, Sweden . Acta Paediatr Scand 64:635-640, 1975.Crossref 2. Huenemann RL: Environmental factors associated with preschool obesity: II. Obesity and food practices of children at successive age levels . J Am Diet Assoc 64:488-491, 1974. 3. Mack RW, Ipsen J: The height-weight relationship in early childhood: Birth to 48 month correlations in an urban, low-income Negro population . Hum Biol 46:21-32, 1974. 4. Mellbin T, Vuille J-C: Weight gain in infancy and physical development between 7½ and 10½ years of age . Br J Prev Soc Med 30:233-238, 1976. 5. Hirsch J, Knittle JL: Cellularity of obese and nonobese human adipose tissue . Fed Proc 29:1516-1521, 1970. 6. Brook CDG, Lloyd JK, Wolf OH: Relation between age of onset of obesity and size and number of adipose cells . Br Med J 2:25-27, 1972.Crossref 7. Johnston FE, Hamill PVV, Lemeshow S: Skinfold Thickness of Children 6-11 Years: United States , US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Publication No. 73-1602. 1972. 8. Johnston FE, Hamill PVV, Lemeshow S: Skinfold Thickness of Youths 12-17 Years. United States , US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Publication No. 74-1614. 1974. 9. Hamill PVV, Drizd TA, Johnson CL, et al: NCHS growth charts, 1976 . Monthly Vital Statistics Report , HRA 76-1120, National Center Health Statistics, 1976, Vol 25. 10. Hamill PVV, Johnston FE, Grams W: Height and Weight of Children: United States , Public Health Service Publication No. 1000-series 11-No. 104. 1970. 11. Hamill PVV, Johnston FE, Lemeshow S: Height and Weight of Youths 12-17 Years: United States , US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Publication No. (HSM) 73-1606, 1973. 12. Forbes GB: Lean body mass and fat in obese children . Pediatrics 34:308-314, 1964. 13. Fisch RO, Bilek MK, Ulstrom R: Obesity and leanness at birth and their relationship to body habitus in later childhood . Pediatrics 56:521-528, 1975. 14. Keys A, Fidanze F, Karvonen MJ: Indices of relative weight and obesity . J Chronic Dis 25:329-343, 1972.Crossref 15. Billewicz WZ, Kemsley WFF, Thomson AM: Indices of adiposity . Br J Prev Soc Med 16:183-188, 1962. 16. Charney E, Goodman HC, McBride M, et al: Childhood antecedents of adult obesity . N Engl J Med 295:6-9, 1976.Crossref 17. Stunkard A, d'Aquili E, Fox S, et al: Influence of social class on obesity and thinness in children . JAMA 221:579-584, 1972.Crossref

Journal

American Journal of Diseases of ChildrenAmerican Medical Association

Published: Sep 1, 1978

References