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Norwegian Scabies

Norwegian Scabies Abstract "Norwegian scabies" and "Norwegian itch" are names given to a rare form of scabies characterized clinically by formation of thick crusts and keratotic plaques. The more descriptive terms "scabies crustosa" and "psoriasiform scabies" indicate why the disease is considered in the differential diagnosis of hyperkeratosis follicularis, pityriasis rubra pilaris, kertoderma blennorrhagica, rupioid psoriasis, and crusted erythroderma. Because the first case was reported from Norway by Danielssen and Boeck,1 Hebra named the condition scabies Norwegica Boeckii.2 Subsequent reports of the disease in Europe, Russia, Brazil, Melanesia, Japan, and Africa have appeared. The condition appears to be particularly uncommon in the United States, only six cases having been reported previously.* Two cases occurring in native-born Americans living in widely separated communities in Louisiana form the basis of the present report. Our observations are considered in the light of the more usual reaction of References 1. References 3 through 7. Lane, C. W.: Personal communication to the authors. 2. References 9 and 10. 3. Reference 17. Rothman, S., in discussion Cormia.17 4. References 5, 20, and 21. 5. References 9 and 22. 6. References 4, 5, 6, 16, 25, and 26. Lane, C. W.: Personal communication to the authors. 7. References 31 through 34. 8. Danielssen, D. C., and Boeck, W.: Traité de la spédalskhed ou elephantiasis des Grecs , Paris, J. B. Baillière, 1848, p. 232. 9. Hebra, F.: Über eine in Norwegen beobachtete neue Form der Krätze , Ztschr. k.k. Gesellsch. Ärzte zu Wien 1:390, 1852. 10. Hessler, R.: An Extreme Case of Parasitism , Science 21:125 ( (March) ) 1893. 11. Sweitzer, S. E., and Winer, L. H.: Norwegian Scabies , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 43:678 ( (April) ) 1941. 12. Ayers, S., Jr.: Norwegian Scabies , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 50:439 ( (Dec.) ) 1944. 13. Anderson, N. P., and Stout, M.: Norwegian Scabies , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 42:499 ( (Sept.) ) 1940. 14. Ravogli, A.: Scabies Norwegica , Cincinnati Lancet-Clinic 41:59 ( (July) ) 1898. 15. Matheson, R.: Medical Entomology , Ed. 2, Ithaca, N. Y., Comstock Publishing Co., Inc., 1950. 16. Mellanby, K.: Scabies , London, Oxford University Press, 1943. 17. Bartley, W. C., and Mellanby, K.: The Parasitology of Human Scabies (Women and Children) , Parasitology 35:207 ( (March) ) 1944. 18. Ormsby, O. S., and Montgomery, H.: Diseases of the Skin , Ed. 7, Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1948, p. 1232. 19. Chakravorty, A. N.; Ghosh, S., and Banerjee, A. K.: Case Notes of Scabies in a Family Transmitted from Goats , Indian M. Gaz. 88:153 ( (March) ) 1953. 20. Toomey, N.: Scabies of Animal Origin , Urol, & Cutan. Rev. 26:473 ( (Aug.) ) 1922. 21. Goldman, L., and Feldman, M. D.: Human Infestation with Scabies of Monkeys , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 59:175 ( (Feb.) ) 1949. 22. Ingram, J. T.: Ward Epidemic from Norwegian Scabies , Brit. J. Dermat. 63:311 ( (Aug.) -Sept.) 1951. 23. Calnan, C. D.: Crusted Scabies , Brit. J. Dermat. 62:71 ( (Feb.) ) 1950. 24. Cormia, F. E.: Experimental Histamine Pruritus: I. Influence of Physical and Psychological Factors on Threshold Reactivity , J. Invest. Dermat. 19:21 ( (July) ) 1952. 25. Arnold, H. L., Jr.: The Intradermal Mecholyl Test for Anhidrosis: A Diagnostic Aid in Leprosy , Internat. J. Leprosy 16:335, 1948. 26. Gate, J.; Bachmann (Mme.); Cuilleret, P., and Moreau, P.: Gale norvégienne avec épidémie hospitalière et villageoise , Bull. Soc. franç. dermat. et syph. (Réunion dermat., Lyon) 45:1378 ( (July) ) 1938. 27. Golay, J.: A New Case of Norwegian Scabies , Ann. dermat. et syph. 10:976, 1940 28. abstracted in Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 44:477 ( (Sept.) ) 1941. 29. Anderson, I.: Norwegian Scabies , Brit. M. J. 2:25 ( (July 5) ) 1952. 30. Mellanby, K.: The Development of Symptoms, Parasitic Infection and Immunity in Human Scabies , Parasitology 35:197 ( (March) ) 1944. 31. Prakken, J. R. and van Vloten, T. J.: Allergy in Scabies: Positive Intracutaneous Tests with Antigen from Scabies Norvegica; Passive Transfer of Antibodies (Prausnitz-Küstner) , Dermatologica 99:124, 1949. 32. Leech, F. B., and Spence, T.: Immunity and Metabolic Rate: The Course of Notoedric Scabies in Rats with Different Metabolic Rates , Parasitology 41:224 ( (Dec.) ) 1951.Crossref 33. de Amicis, T.: Un nouveau Cas de gale norwégienne ou crouteuse , in Neisser, A., and Jacobi, E.: Ikonographia dermatologica, Berlin, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1910, Vol. 1, p. 1. 34. Wilkenson, D. S.: Norwegian (Crusted) Scabies , Brit. J. Dermat. 65:31 ( (Jan.) ) 1953. 35. Zeligman, I., and Scalia, S. P.: Dermatologic Manifestations of Mongolism , A.M.A. Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 69:342 ( (March) ) 1954. 36. Rothman, S.: Physiology and Biochemistry of the Skin , Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1954. 37. Paterson, J. C. S., and Wiggins, H. S.: An Estimation of Plasma Vitamin A and the Vitamin A Absorption Test , J. Clin. Path. 7:61 ( (Feb.) ) 1954. 38. Griesemer, R. D.; Frazier, C. H., and Blank, I. H.: Nutritional Influences on the Physiology of the Skin: Observations on the Metabolism of Vitamin A , Medicine 32:293 ( (Sept.) ) 1953. 39. Spector, S.; McKhann, C. F., and Meserve, E. R.: Absorption, Storage, and Utilization of Vitamin A in the Presence of Disease , Am. J. Dis. Child. 66:376 ( (Oct.) ) 1943. 40. Hsu, H. C.: Serum Carotinoids and Vitamin A in Chinese , Chinese M. J. 61:238 ( (July) Sept.) 1943. 41. Lund, C. J.: Nutrition in Pregnancy , J. A. M. A. 128:344 ( (June 2) ) 1945. 42. Aron, H. C. S.; Craig, R. M.; Farmer, C. J.; Kendell, H. W., and Schwemlein, G. X.: Effect of Elevated Body Temperature on Plasma Vitamin A and Carotene , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 61:271 ( (March) ) 1946. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Dermatology American Medical Association

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1956 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
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0096-5359
DOI
10.1001/archderm.1956.01550080017003
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Abstract

Abstract "Norwegian scabies" and "Norwegian itch" are names given to a rare form of scabies characterized clinically by formation of thick crusts and keratotic plaques. The more descriptive terms "scabies crustosa" and "psoriasiform scabies" indicate why the disease is considered in the differential diagnosis of hyperkeratosis follicularis, pityriasis rubra pilaris, kertoderma blennorrhagica, rupioid psoriasis, and crusted erythroderma. Because the first case was reported from Norway by Danielssen and Boeck,1 Hebra named the condition scabies Norwegica Boeckii.2 Subsequent reports of the disease in Europe, Russia, Brazil, Melanesia, Japan, and Africa have appeared. The condition appears to be particularly uncommon in the United States, only six cases having been reported previously.* Two cases occurring in native-born Americans living in widely separated communities in Louisiana form the basis of the present report. Our observations are considered in the light of the more usual reaction of References 1. References 3 through 7. Lane, C. W.: Personal communication to the authors. 2. References 9 and 10. 3. Reference 17. Rothman, S., in discussion Cormia.17 4. References 5, 20, and 21. 5. References 9 and 22. 6. References 4, 5, 6, 16, 25, and 26. Lane, C. W.: Personal communication to the authors. 7. References 31 through 34. 8. Danielssen, D. C., and Boeck, W.: Traité de la spédalskhed ou elephantiasis des Grecs , Paris, J. B. Baillière, 1848, p. 232. 9. Hebra, F.: Über eine in Norwegen beobachtete neue Form der Krätze , Ztschr. k.k. Gesellsch. Ärzte zu Wien 1:390, 1852. 10. Hessler, R.: An Extreme Case of Parasitism , Science 21:125 ( (March) ) 1893. 11. Sweitzer, S. E., and Winer, L. H.: Norwegian Scabies , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 43:678 ( (April) ) 1941. 12. Ayers, S., Jr.: Norwegian Scabies , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 50:439 ( (Dec.) ) 1944. 13. Anderson, N. P., and Stout, M.: Norwegian Scabies , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 42:499 ( (Sept.) ) 1940. 14. Ravogli, A.: Scabies Norwegica , Cincinnati Lancet-Clinic 41:59 ( (July) ) 1898. 15. Matheson, R.: Medical Entomology , Ed. 2, Ithaca, N. Y., Comstock Publishing Co., Inc., 1950. 16. Mellanby, K.: Scabies , London, Oxford University Press, 1943. 17. Bartley, W. C., and Mellanby, K.: The Parasitology of Human Scabies (Women and Children) , Parasitology 35:207 ( (March) ) 1944. 18. Ormsby, O. S., and Montgomery, H.: Diseases of the Skin , Ed. 7, Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1948, p. 1232. 19. Chakravorty, A. N.; Ghosh, S., and Banerjee, A. K.: Case Notes of Scabies in a Family Transmitted from Goats , Indian M. Gaz. 88:153 ( (March) ) 1953. 20. Toomey, N.: Scabies of Animal Origin , Urol, & Cutan. Rev. 26:473 ( (Aug.) ) 1922. 21. Goldman, L., and Feldman, M. D.: Human Infestation with Scabies of Monkeys , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 59:175 ( (Feb.) ) 1949. 22. Ingram, J. T.: Ward Epidemic from Norwegian Scabies , Brit. J. Dermat. 63:311 ( (Aug.) -Sept.) 1951. 23. Calnan, C. D.: Crusted Scabies , Brit. J. Dermat. 62:71 ( (Feb.) ) 1950. 24. Cormia, F. E.: Experimental Histamine Pruritus: I. Influence of Physical and Psychological Factors on Threshold Reactivity , J. Invest. Dermat. 19:21 ( (July) ) 1952. 25. Arnold, H. L., Jr.: The Intradermal Mecholyl Test for Anhidrosis: A Diagnostic Aid in Leprosy , Internat. J. Leprosy 16:335, 1948. 26. Gate, J.; Bachmann (Mme.); Cuilleret, P., and Moreau, P.: Gale norvégienne avec épidémie hospitalière et villageoise , Bull. Soc. franç. dermat. et syph. (Réunion dermat., Lyon) 45:1378 ( (July) ) 1938. 27. Golay, J.: A New Case of Norwegian Scabies , Ann. dermat. et syph. 10:976, 1940 28. abstracted in Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 44:477 ( (Sept.) ) 1941. 29. Anderson, I.: Norwegian Scabies , Brit. M. J. 2:25 ( (July 5) ) 1952. 30. Mellanby, K.: The Development of Symptoms, Parasitic Infection and Immunity in Human Scabies , Parasitology 35:197 ( (March) ) 1944. 31. Prakken, J. R. and van Vloten, T. J.: Allergy in Scabies: Positive Intracutaneous Tests with Antigen from Scabies Norvegica; Passive Transfer of Antibodies (Prausnitz-Küstner) , Dermatologica 99:124, 1949. 32. Leech, F. B., and Spence, T.: Immunity and Metabolic Rate: The Course of Notoedric Scabies in Rats with Different Metabolic Rates , Parasitology 41:224 ( (Dec.) ) 1951.Crossref 33. de Amicis, T.: Un nouveau Cas de gale norwégienne ou crouteuse , in Neisser, A., and Jacobi, E.: Ikonographia dermatologica, Berlin, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1910, Vol. 1, p. 1. 34. Wilkenson, D. S.: Norwegian (Crusted) Scabies , Brit. J. Dermat. 65:31 ( (Jan.) ) 1953. 35. Zeligman, I., and Scalia, S. P.: Dermatologic Manifestations of Mongolism , A.M.A. Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 69:342 ( (March) ) 1954. 36. Rothman, S.: Physiology and Biochemistry of the Skin , Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1954. 37. Paterson, J. C. S., and Wiggins, H. S.: An Estimation of Plasma Vitamin A and the Vitamin A Absorption Test , J. Clin. Path. 7:61 ( (Feb.) ) 1954. 38. Griesemer, R. D.; Frazier, C. H., and Blank, I. H.: Nutritional Influences on the Physiology of the Skin: Observations on the Metabolism of Vitamin A , Medicine 32:293 ( (Sept.) ) 1953. 39. Spector, S.; McKhann, C. F., and Meserve, E. R.: Absorption, Storage, and Utilization of Vitamin A in the Presence of Disease , Am. J. Dis. Child. 66:376 ( (Oct.) ) 1943. 40. Hsu, H. C.: Serum Carotinoids and Vitamin A in Chinese , Chinese M. J. 61:238 ( (July) Sept.) 1943. 41. Lund, C. J.: Nutrition in Pregnancy , J. A. M. A. 128:344 ( (June 2) ) 1945. 42. Aron, H. C. S.; Craig, R. M.; Farmer, C. J.; Kendell, H. W., and Schwemlein, G. X.: Effect of Elevated Body Temperature on Plasma Vitamin A and Carotene , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 61:271 ( (March) ) 1946.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of DermatologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Aug 1, 1956

References