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Nomenclature of Staphylococci and Micrococci

Nomenclature of Staphylococci and Micrococci Abstract To the Editor.— Cutaneous microbiology has made great strides in the past decade, thanks in part to a taxonomic scheme for the micrococcal family proposed in 1963 by Baird-Parker.1,2 Recently, however, the system has undergone a series of changes,3,4 especially in nomenclature,5 and entirely new classifications also have been offered.6-9 The rapid succession of reports has resulted in some confusion and threatens the effective communication of clinical and research data. If the situation is not remedied soon, Cowan's10 warning may come to pass: "... the biochemically minded bacteriologists, who have been showing us the light and guiding our steps to a more rational taxonomy, may undo all the good they have done and create a new era of nomenclatural chaos."A solution, however, is found with the publication of the eighth edition of Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology,11 the recognized standard reference of most of References 1. Baird-Parker AC: A classification of micrococci and staphylococci based on physiological and biochemical tests . J Gen Microbiol 30:409-427, 1963.Crossref 2. Baird-Parker AC: The classification of staphylococci and micrococci from world-wide sources . J Gen Microbiol 38:363-387, 1965.Crossref 3. Pelzer K, Pulverer G, Jeljaszewicz J, et al: Modification of Baird-Parker's classification system of Staphylococcus albus . Med Microbiol Immunol 158:249-257, 1973.Crossref 4. Pennock CA, Huddy RB: Phosphatase reaction of coagulase-negative staphylococci and micrococci . J Pathol Bacteriol 93:685-688, 1967.Crossref 5. Baird-Parker AC: Classification and identification of staphylococci and their resistance to physical agents , in Cohen JO (ed): The Staphylococci . New York, Wiley-Interscience, 1972. 6. Heczko PB, Jeljaszewicz J, Pulverer G: Classification of Micrococcaceae isolated from clinical sources . Zentralbl Bakteriol (Orig A) 229:171-177, 1974. 7. Kloos WE, Tornabene TG, Schleifer KH: Isolation and characterization of micrococci from human skin, including two new species: Micrococcus lylae and Micrococcus kritinae . Int J Syst Bacteriol 24:79-101, 1974.Crossref 8. Schleifer KH, Kloos WE: Isolation and characterization of staphylococci from human skin: I. Amended descriptions of Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus saprophyticus and descriptions of three new species: Staphylococcus cohnii, Staphylococcus haemolyticus, and Staphylococcus xylosus . Int J Syst Bacteriol 25:50-61, 1975.Crossref 9. Kloos WE, Schleifer KH: Isolation and characterization of staphylococci from human skin: II. Descriptions of four new species: Staphylococcus warneri, Staphylococcus capitis, Staphylococcus hominis, and Staphylococcus simulans . Int J Syst Bacteriol 25:62-79, 1975.Crossref 10. Cowan ST: An introduction to chaos, or the classification of micrococci and staphylococci . J Appl Bacteriol 25:324-340, 1962.Crossref 11. Buchanan RE, Gibbons NE (eds): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology , ed 8. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins Co, 1974. 12. Subcommittee on the Taxonomy of Staphylococci and Micrococci: Recommendations . Int Bull Bact Nomencl Taxon 15:109-110, 1965. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Dermatology American Medical Association

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1976 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-987X
eISSN
1538-3652
DOI
10.1001/archderm.1976.01630350080028
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract To the Editor.— Cutaneous microbiology has made great strides in the past decade, thanks in part to a taxonomic scheme for the micrococcal family proposed in 1963 by Baird-Parker.1,2 Recently, however, the system has undergone a series of changes,3,4 especially in nomenclature,5 and entirely new classifications also have been offered.6-9 The rapid succession of reports has resulted in some confusion and threatens the effective communication of clinical and research data. If the situation is not remedied soon, Cowan's10 warning may come to pass: "... the biochemically minded bacteriologists, who have been showing us the light and guiding our steps to a more rational taxonomy, may undo all the good they have done and create a new era of nomenclatural chaos."A solution, however, is found with the publication of the eighth edition of Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology,11 the recognized standard reference of most of References 1. Baird-Parker AC: A classification of micrococci and staphylococci based on physiological and biochemical tests . J Gen Microbiol 30:409-427, 1963.Crossref 2. Baird-Parker AC: The classification of staphylococci and micrococci from world-wide sources . J Gen Microbiol 38:363-387, 1965.Crossref 3. Pelzer K, Pulverer G, Jeljaszewicz J, et al: Modification of Baird-Parker's classification system of Staphylococcus albus . Med Microbiol Immunol 158:249-257, 1973.Crossref 4. Pennock CA, Huddy RB: Phosphatase reaction of coagulase-negative staphylococci and micrococci . J Pathol Bacteriol 93:685-688, 1967.Crossref 5. Baird-Parker AC: Classification and identification of staphylococci and their resistance to physical agents , in Cohen JO (ed): The Staphylococci . New York, Wiley-Interscience, 1972. 6. Heczko PB, Jeljaszewicz J, Pulverer G: Classification of Micrococcaceae isolated from clinical sources . Zentralbl Bakteriol (Orig A) 229:171-177, 1974. 7. Kloos WE, Tornabene TG, Schleifer KH: Isolation and characterization of micrococci from human skin, including two new species: Micrococcus lylae and Micrococcus kritinae . Int J Syst Bacteriol 24:79-101, 1974.Crossref 8. Schleifer KH, Kloos WE: Isolation and characterization of staphylococci from human skin: I. Amended descriptions of Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus saprophyticus and descriptions of three new species: Staphylococcus cohnii, Staphylococcus haemolyticus, and Staphylococcus xylosus . Int J Syst Bacteriol 25:50-61, 1975.Crossref 9. Kloos WE, Schleifer KH: Isolation and characterization of staphylococci from human skin: II. Descriptions of four new species: Staphylococcus warneri, Staphylococcus capitis, Staphylococcus hominis, and Staphylococcus simulans . Int J Syst Bacteriol 25:62-79, 1975.Crossref 10. Cowan ST: An introduction to chaos, or the classification of micrococci and staphylococci . J Appl Bacteriol 25:324-340, 1962.Crossref 11. Buchanan RE, Gibbons NE (eds): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology , ed 8. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins Co, 1974. 12. Subcommittee on the Taxonomy of Staphylococci and Micrococci: Recommendations . Int Bull Bact Nomencl Taxon 15:109-110, 1965.

Journal

Archives of DermatologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Nov 1, 1976

References