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Newborn Head Size and Neurological Status: Predictors of Growth and Development of Low Birth Weight Infants

Newborn Head Size and Neurological Status: Predictors of Growth and Development of Low Birth... Abstract • One hundred eighteen infants with birth weights of 2,000 g or less were evaluated for growth and development at approximately 5 years of age. Review of neonatal data indicated that head circumference less than the tenth percentile at birth and abnormal neurological examination in the newborn period were important predictors of outcome. Both of these factors were associated with poor growth, later microcephaly, and neurological deficit. In addition, neonatal microcephaly was substantially related to poor intellectual attainment. Other associations were seen between microcephaly at birth and intrauterine growth retardation, low Apgar score, and low socioeconomic status, factors that also correlated with poor outcome. (Am J Dis Child 132:753-756, 1978) References 1. Wiener G, Rider RV, Oppel WC, et al: Correlates of low birth weight: Psychological status at 6 to 7 years of age . Pediatrics 35:434-444, 1965. 2. Stewart AL, Reynolds EOR: Improved prognosis for infants of very low birth weight . Pediatrics 54:724-735, 1974. 3. Robinson NM, Robinson HB: A follow-up study of children of low birth weight and control children at school age . Pediatrics 35:425-433, 1965. 4. Lubchenco LO, Hansman C, Boyd E: Intrauterine growth in length and head circumference as estimated from live births at gestational ages from 26 to 42 weeks . Pediatrics 37:403-408, 1966. 5. Hollingshead AB: Two Factor Index of Social Position . New Haven, Conn, 1957. 6. National Center for Health Statistics: Growth Charts 1976 Monthly Vital Statistics Report , vol 25, (No. 3) , suppl (HRA) 75-1120. Health Resources Administration, 1976. 7. Nelhaus G: Head circumference from birth to 18 years . Pediatrics 41:106-114, 1968. 8. Harris DB: Goodenough-Harris Drawing Test Manual . New York, Harcourt, Brace, World Inc, 1963. 9. Jones MD, Battaglia FC: Intrauterine growth retardation . Am J Obstet Gynecol 127:540-549, 1977. 10. Winick M, Ross P: The effect of severe early malnutrition on cellular growth of human brain . Pediatr Res 3:181-184, 1969.Crossref 11. Winick M, Ross P: Head circumference and cellular growth of the brain in normal and marasmic children . J Pediatr 74:774-778, 1969.Crossref 12. Nelson KB, Deutschberger J: Head size at one year as a predictor of four-year I.Q . Develop Med Child Neurol 12:487-495, 1970.Crossref 13. Babson SG, Henderson NB: Fetal undergrowth: Relation of head growth to later intellectual performance . Pediatrics 53:890-894, 1974. 14. Winick M: Fetal malnutrition and future development . Pediatr Ann 2:10-15, 1973.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American Journal of Diseases of Children American Medical Association

Newborn Head Size and Neurological Status: Predictors of Growth and Development of Low Birth Weight Infants

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1978 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0002-922X
DOI
10.1001/archpedi.1978.02120330025005
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract • One hundred eighteen infants with birth weights of 2,000 g or less were evaluated for growth and development at approximately 5 years of age. Review of neonatal data indicated that head circumference less than the tenth percentile at birth and abnormal neurological examination in the newborn period were important predictors of outcome. Both of these factors were associated with poor growth, later microcephaly, and neurological deficit. In addition, neonatal microcephaly was substantially related to poor intellectual attainment. Other associations were seen between microcephaly at birth and intrauterine growth retardation, low Apgar score, and low socioeconomic status, factors that also correlated with poor outcome. (Am J Dis Child 132:753-756, 1978) References 1. Wiener G, Rider RV, Oppel WC, et al: Correlates of low birth weight: Psychological status at 6 to 7 years of age . Pediatrics 35:434-444, 1965. 2. Stewart AL, Reynolds EOR: Improved prognosis for infants of very low birth weight . Pediatrics 54:724-735, 1974. 3. Robinson NM, Robinson HB: A follow-up study of children of low birth weight and control children at school age . Pediatrics 35:425-433, 1965. 4. Lubchenco LO, Hansman C, Boyd E: Intrauterine growth in length and head circumference as estimated from live births at gestational ages from 26 to 42 weeks . Pediatrics 37:403-408, 1966. 5. Hollingshead AB: Two Factor Index of Social Position . New Haven, Conn, 1957. 6. National Center for Health Statistics: Growth Charts 1976 Monthly Vital Statistics Report , vol 25, (No. 3) , suppl (HRA) 75-1120. Health Resources Administration, 1976. 7. Nelhaus G: Head circumference from birth to 18 years . Pediatrics 41:106-114, 1968. 8. Harris DB: Goodenough-Harris Drawing Test Manual . New York, Harcourt, Brace, World Inc, 1963. 9. Jones MD, Battaglia FC: Intrauterine growth retardation . Am J Obstet Gynecol 127:540-549, 1977. 10. Winick M, Ross P: The effect of severe early malnutrition on cellular growth of human brain . Pediatr Res 3:181-184, 1969.Crossref 11. Winick M, Ross P: Head circumference and cellular growth of the brain in normal and marasmic children . J Pediatr 74:774-778, 1969.Crossref 12. Nelson KB, Deutschberger J: Head size at one year as a predictor of four-year I.Q . Develop Med Child Neurol 12:487-495, 1970.Crossref 13. Babson SG, Henderson NB: Fetal undergrowth: Relation of head growth to later intellectual performance . Pediatrics 53:890-894, 1974. 14. Winick M: Fetal malnutrition and future development . Pediatr Ann 2:10-15, 1973.Crossref

Journal

American Journal of Diseases of ChildrenAmerican Medical Association

Published: Aug 1, 1978

References