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Neisseria mucosus Endocarditis Following Drug Abuse: Case Report and Review of the Literature

Neisseria mucosus Endocarditis Following Drug Abuse: Case Report and Review of the Literature Abstract • A 30-year-old man with drug addiction had endocarditis due to Neisseria mucosus. The infection was successfully treated with ampicillin sodium. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of N mucosus endocarditis associated with intravenous drug abuse. (Arch Intern Med 1983;143:583-585) References 1. Veron M, Thibault P, Second L: Neisseria mucosa (Diplococcus mucosus Lingelsheim). Ann Immunol 1959;97:497-510. 2. Berger V, Abovlkhair I, Rottmann W: Septicaemia and meningitis caused by Neisseria mucosa varietas heid-ergersis. Infection 1974;2:108-110.Crossref 3. Bishop LK, Randall CD: Diplococcus mucosus meningitis successfully treated with sulfadiazine and penicillin. Am J Dis Child 1947;74:725-729. 4. Bray PT, Cruickshank JC: Meningitis due to Diplococcus mucosus. Br Med J 1943;1:601-602.Crossref 5. Sirot J, Cluzel M: Neisseria mucosa responsible de meningites purulentes de l'enfant. Ann Immunol 1972;122:53-61. 6. Kao CS, Wen Chich C: Purulent meningitis due to Diplococcus mucosus. Chin Med J Engl 1957;75:764-769. 7. Sivarajan V, Sivaraman K: Meningitis due to Diplococcus mucosus. J Indian Med Assoc 1962;39:649-650. 8. Cowan ST: Unusual infections following cerebral operations with a description of Diplococcus mucosus. Lancet 1938;2:1052-1054.Crossref 9. Brodie E, Adler JL, Daly AK: Bacterial endocarditis due to an unusual species of encapsulated Neisseria. Am J Dis Child 1971;122:433-437.Crossref 10. Dowling JN, Lee WS, Sacco RJ, et al: Endocarditis caused by Neisseria mucosa in Marfan's syndrome. Ann Intern Med 1974;81:641-643.Crossref 11. Weinstein AJ, McHenry MC: Bacterial endocarditis in a patient with mitral valve prolapse. Arch Intern Med 1979;139:1191-1192.Crossref 12. Drapkin MS: Endocarditis after the use of an oral irrigation device. Ann Intern Med 1977;87:455.Crossref 13. Herbert DA, Ruskin J: Arenonpathogenic Neisseriapathogenic? Am J Clin Pathol 1981;75:739-743. 14. Fainstain V, Musher DM, Young EJ: Purulent pericarditis due to Neisseria mucosa. Chest 1978;74:476-477.Crossref 15. Stevenson R, Nordeal C: Cellulitis caused by Neisseria mucosa. NY State J Med 1975;75:1265-1266. 16. Thorsteinsson SB, Minuth JN, Mosher DM: Post pneumonectomy empyema due to Neisseria mucosa. Am J Clin Pathol 1975;64:534-536. 17. Nazemi M, Musher DM: Empyema due to aerobic diptheroids following dental extraction. Am Rev Respir Dis 1973;108:1221-1223. 18. Finegold SM, Smolens B, Cohen AA, et al: Necrotizing pneumonitis and empyema due to microaerophilic streptococci. N Engl J Med 1965;273: 462-468.Crossref 19. Goldberg NM, Rifkins D: Clostridia empyema. Arch Intern Med 1965;115:421-425.Crossref 20. Manaka S, Hashimoto T, Nawata H: Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea. Surg Neurol 1976;5:54-56. 21. Shields C, Patzakis MJ, Meyers MH, et al: Hand infections secondary to human bites. J Trauma 1975;15:235-236.Crossref 22. Sima W: The clinical bacteriology of purulent oral infections. Br J Oral Surg 1974;12:1-12.Crossref 23. Shull HJ, Bruce JG, Allen SD, et al: Bacteremia with upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Ann Intern Med 1975;83:212-214.Crossref 24. Everett ED, Hirschmann JV: Transient bacteremia and endocarditis prophylaxis. Annu Rev Med 1977;56:61-77. 25. Frederick J, Braude AI: Anaerobic infection of the paranasal sinuses. N Engl J Med 1974;290:135-137.Crossref 26. Gonzalez CL, Calia FM: Bacteriologic flora of aspiration-induced pulmonary infections. Arch Intern Med 1975;135:711-714.Crossref 27. MacGregor AB, Ross PW: Bacterial content of the gastric juice. Br J Surg 1972;59:443-445.Crossref 28. McArthur BM, Hargiss C, Schoenknecht FD: Stopcock contamination in an ICU. Am J Nurs 1975;75:96-97. 29. Mandell GL, Douglas GR, Bennett JE: Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases . New York, John Wiley & Sons Inc, 1979. 30. Berger U, Miersch M: Zum normalen Vorkommen von Neisseria mucosa. Z Med Mikrobiol Immun 1970;155:186-191.Crossref 31. Chevubin CE, Nev HC: Infective endocarditis at the Presbyterian Hospital in New York City from 1938-1967. Am J Med 1971;51:83-96.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Internal Medicine American Medical Association

Neisseria mucosus Endocarditis Following Drug Abuse: Case Report and Review of the Literature

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1983 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9926
eISSN
1538-3679
DOI
10.1001/archinte.1983.00350030197038
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract • A 30-year-old man with drug addiction had endocarditis due to Neisseria mucosus. The infection was successfully treated with ampicillin sodium. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of N mucosus endocarditis associated with intravenous drug abuse. (Arch Intern Med 1983;143:583-585) References 1. Veron M, Thibault P, Second L: Neisseria mucosa (Diplococcus mucosus Lingelsheim). Ann Immunol 1959;97:497-510. 2. Berger V, Abovlkhair I, Rottmann W: Septicaemia and meningitis caused by Neisseria mucosa varietas heid-ergersis. Infection 1974;2:108-110.Crossref 3. Bishop LK, Randall CD: Diplococcus mucosus meningitis successfully treated with sulfadiazine and penicillin. Am J Dis Child 1947;74:725-729. 4. Bray PT, Cruickshank JC: Meningitis due to Diplococcus mucosus. Br Med J 1943;1:601-602.Crossref 5. Sirot J, Cluzel M: Neisseria mucosa responsible de meningites purulentes de l'enfant. Ann Immunol 1972;122:53-61. 6. Kao CS, Wen Chich C: Purulent meningitis due to Diplococcus mucosus. Chin Med J Engl 1957;75:764-769. 7. Sivarajan V, Sivaraman K: Meningitis due to Diplococcus mucosus. J Indian Med Assoc 1962;39:649-650. 8. Cowan ST: Unusual infections following cerebral operations with a description of Diplococcus mucosus. Lancet 1938;2:1052-1054.Crossref 9. Brodie E, Adler JL, Daly AK: Bacterial endocarditis due to an unusual species of encapsulated Neisseria. Am J Dis Child 1971;122:433-437.Crossref 10. Dowling JN, Lee WS, Sacco RJ, et al: Endocarditis caused by Neisseria mucosa in Marfan's syndrome. Ann Intern Med 1974;81:641-643.Crossref 11. Weinstein AJ, McHenry MC: Bacterial endocarditis in a patient with mitral valve prolapse. Arch Intern Med 1979;139:1191-1192.Crossref 12. Drapkin MS: Endocarditis after the use of an oral irrigation device. Ann Intern Med 1977;87:455.Crossref 13. Herbert DA, Ruskin J: Arenonpathogenic Neisseriapathogenic? Am J Clin Pathol 1981;75:739-743. 14. Fainstain V, Musher DM, Young EJ: Purulent pericarditis due to Neisseria mucosa. Chest 1978;74:476-477.Crossref 15. Stevenson R, Nordeal C: Cellulitis caused by Neisseria mucosa. NY State J Med 1975;75:1265-1266. 16. Thorsteinsson SB, Minuth JN, Mosher DM: Post pneumonectomy empyema due to Neisseria mucosa. Am J Clin Pathol 1975;64:534-536. 17. Nazemi M, Musher DM: Empyema due to aerobic diptheroids following dental extraction. Am Rev Respir Dis 1973;108:1221-1223. 18. Finegold SM, Smolens B, Cohen AA, et al: Necrotizing pneumonitis and empyema due to microaerophilic streptococci. N Engl J Med 1965;273: 462-468.Crossref 19. Goldberg NM, Rifkins D: Clostridia empyema. Arch Intern Med 1965;115:421-425.Crossref 20. Manaka S, Hashimoto T, Nawata H: Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea. Surg Neurol 1976;5:54-56. 21. Shields C, Patzakis MJ, Meyers MH, et al: Hand infections secondary to human bites. J Trauma 1975;15:235-236.Crossref 22. Sima W: The clinical bacteriology of purulent oral infections. Br J Oral Surg 1974;12:1-12.Crossref 23. Shull HJ, Bruce JG, Allen SD, et al: Bacteremia with upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Ann Intern Med 1975;83:212-214.Crossref 24. Everett ED, Hirschmann JV: Transient bacteremia and endocarditis prophylaxis. Annu Rev Med 1977;56:61-77. 25. Frederick J, Braude AI: Anaerobic infection of the paranasal sinuses. N Engl J Med 1974;290:135-137.Crossref 26. Gonzalez CL, Calia FM: Bacteriologic flora of aspiration-induced pulmonary infections. Arch Intern Med 1975;135:711-714.Crossref 27. MacGregor AB, Ross PW: Bacterial content of the gastric juice. Br J Surg 1972;59:443-445.Crossref 28. McArthur BM, Hargiss C, Schoenknecht FD: Stopcock contamination in an ICU. Am J Nurs 1975;75:96-97. 29. Mandell GL, Douglas GR, Bennett JE: Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases . New York, John Wiley & Sons Inc, 1979. 30. Berger U, Miersch M: Zum normalen Vorkommen von Neisseria mucosa. Z Med Mikrobiol Immun 1970;155:186-191.Crossref 31. Chevubin CE, Nev HC: Infective endocarditis at the Presbyterian Hospital in New York City from 1938-1967. Am J Med 1971;51:83-96.Crossref

Journal

Archives of Internal MedicineAmerican Medical Association

Published: Mar 1, 1983

References