Abstract THE FACT that racial bias can have a profound effect on the interview situation is well known. Most of these data1-4 have been obtained in situations involving white interviewers and Negro interviewees; there has been little research done on the effect of Negro interviewers on white interviewees. This study examined the degree of distortion involved in the collection of confidential material by Negro interviewers in a psychiatric situation involving a white patient population in a predominantly white setting. Methodology The subjects were 70 psychiatric patients from King County Hospital, Seattle, a hospital which has a 43-bed psychiatric service and approximately 2,000 admissions a year. The hospital is affiliated with the University of Washington School of Medicine and is an active research and teaching center.All patients on the wards were included in the study, with the exception of those too disturbed to References 1. Lenski, G.E., and Legett, J.C.: Caste, Class, and Deference in the Research Interview , Amer J Sociol 65:463-467, 1960.Crossref 2. Hyman, H.H., et al: Interviewing in Social Research , Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1954. 3. Williams, J.A.: Interviewer-Respondent Interaction: A Study of Bias in the Information Interview , Sociometry 27:338-352, 1964.Crossref 4. Coleman, J.E., et al: Two Experiments Showing the Effect of the Interviewer's Racial Background on Responses to Questionnaires Concerning Racial Issues , J Appl Psychol 44:244-246, 1960.Crossref 5. Hughes, E.C.: Dilemmas and Contradictions of Status , Amer J Sociol 50:353-359, 1945.Crossref 6. Gibbs, J.P., and Martin, W.T.: Status Integration and Suicide , Eugene, Ore: University of Oregon Press, 1964, pp 14-33. 7. Hughes, E.C.: Men in Their Work , Glencoe, Ill: The Free Press of Glencoe, 1958, pp 102-115. 8. Hollingshead, A.B., and Redlich, F.C.: Social Class and Mental Illness , New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1958. 9. Rosenthal, R., et al: The Role of the Research Assistant in the Mediation of Experimenter Bias , J Pers 31:( (3) )313-335, 1963.Crossref 10. Rosenthal, R.: Experimenter Out-Come Orientation and the Results of the Psychological Experiment , Psychol Bull 61:( (6) )405-412, 1964.Crossref 11. Rosenthal, R.: Experimenter Modeling Effects and Determinants of Subjects' Responses , J Proj Techn Pers Assess 27:( (4) )467-471, 1963. 12. Rosenthal, R.: On the Social Psychology of the Psychological Experiment: The Experimenter's Hypothesis as Unintended Determinant of Experimental Results , Amer Scientist 51:( (2) )268-283, 1963. 13. Cattell, R.B., and Stice, G.F.: Handbook for the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire , Champaign, Ill: Institute for Personality and Ability Testing, 1957.
Archives of General Psychiatry – American Medical Association
Published: Jun 1, 1967
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