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Myelopathy in Infancy Complicating Congenital Atlantoaxial Dislocation

Myelopathy in Infancy Complicating Congenital Atlantoaxial Dislocation Abstract • Two infants had congenital atlantoaxial dislocation associated with myelopathy. One of them, a 3-month-old girl, showed anterior dislocation of the atlas on the axis, and had extreme weakness of the extremities. Another patient, an 8-month-old boy, showed tetraplegia, and posterior dislocation with absent odontoid process was demonstrated radiologically. These cases add another cause to the varied etiologies of floppiness in early infancy. (Am J Dis Child 130:1270-1271, 1976) References 1. Greenberg AD: Atlanto-axial dislocations . Brain 91:655-683, 1968.Crossref 2. Husby J, Sørensen KH: Fracture of the odontoid process of the axis . Acta Orthop Scand 45:182-192, 1974.Crossref 3. Griffiths SC: Fracture of odontoid process in children . J Pediatr Surg 7:680-683, 1972.Crossref 4. Hentzer L, Schalimtzek M: Fractures and subluxations of the atlas and axis . Acta Orthop Scand 42:251-258, 1971.Crossref 5. Sassard WR, Heinig CF, Pitts WR: Posterior atlanto-axial dislocation without fracture . J Bone Joint Surg 56A:625-628, 1974. 6. Wigren A, Sweden U, Amici F: Traumatic atlanto-axial dislocation without neurological disorder . J Bone Joint Surg 55A:642-644, 1973. 7. Marar BC, Balachandran N: Non-traumatic atlanto-axial dislocation in children . Clin Orthop 92:220-226, 1973.Crossref 8. Afshani E, Girdany BR: Atlanto-axial dislocation in chondrodysplasia punctata . Radiology 102:399-401, 1972. 9. Gulati DR, Rout D: Atlanto-axial dislocation with quadriparesis in achondroplasia . J Neurosurg 40:394-396, 1974.Crossref 10. Curtis BH, Blank S, Fisher RL: Atlantoaxial dislocation in Down's syndrome . JAMA 205:464-465, 1968.Crossref 11. Tishler J, Martel W: Dislocation of the atlas in mongolism . Radiology 84:904-906, 1965. 12. Dzenitis AJ: Spontaneous atlanto-axial dislocation in a mongoloid child with spinal cord compression . J Neurosurg 25:458-460, 1966.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American Journal of Diseases of Children American Medical Association

Myelopathy in Infancy Complicating Congenital Atlantoaxial Dislocation

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1976 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0002-922X
DOI
10.1001/archpedi.1976.02120120104022
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract • Two infants had congenital atlantoaxial dislocation associated with myelopathy. One of them, a 3-month-old girl, showed anterior dislocation of the atlas on the axis, and had extreme weakness of the extremities. Another patient, an 8-month-old boy, showed tetraplegia, and posterior dislocation with absent odontoid process was demonstrated radiologically. These cases add another cause to the varied etiologies of floppiness in early infancy. (Am J Dis Child 130:1270-1271, 1976) References 1. Greenberg AD: Atlanto-axial dislocations . Brain 91:655-683, 1968.Crossref 2. Husby J, Sørensen KH: Fracture of the odontoid process of the axis . Acta Orthop Scand 45:182-192, 1974.Crossref 3. Griffiths SC: Fracture of odontoid process in children . J Pediatr Surg 7:680-683, 1972.Crossref 4. Hentzer L, Schalimtzek M: Fractures and subluxations of the atlas and axis . Acta Orthop Scand 42:251-258, 1971.Crossref 5. Sassard WR, Heinig CF, Pitts WR: Posterior atlanto-axial dislocation without fracture . J Bone Joint Surg 56A:625-628, 1974. 6. Wigren A, Sweden U, Amici F: Traumatic atlanto-axial dislocation without neurological disorder . J Bone Joint Surg 55A:642-644, 1973. 7. Marar BC, Balachandran N: Non-traumatic atlanto-axial dislocation in children . Clin Orthop 92:220-226, 1973.Crossref 8. Afshani E, Girdany BR: Atlanto-axial dislocation in chondrodysplasia punctata . Radiology 102:399-401, 1972. 9. Gulati DR, Rout D: Atlanto-axial dislocation with quadriparesis in achondroplasia . J Neurosurg 40:394-396, 1974.Crossref 10. Curtis BH, Blank S, Fisher RL: Atlantoaxial dislocation in Down's syndrome . JAMA 205:464-465, 1968.Crossref 11. Tishler J, Martel W: Dislocation of the atlas in mongolism . Radiology 84:904-906, 1965. 12. Dzenitis AJ: Spontaneous atlanto-axial dislocation in a mongoloid child with spinal cord compression . J Neurosurg 25:458-460, 1966.Crossref

Journal

American Journal of Diseases of ChildrenAmerican Medical Association

Published: Nov 1, 1976

References