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Movements of the Superior Structures in the Laryngectomized Patient

Movements of the Superior Structures in the Laryngectomized Patient Abstract The function of the soft palate is to provide at the pharyngeal crossroad of airway and foodway a mobile separation between the nasal and the oral passage. In respiration through the nose the air can pass freely between the soft palate and the pharyngeal wall, while in swallowing the soft palate closes off this passage so that no food or drink may reach the nose. In addition to this function the soft palate contributes to the faculty of speech as developed in the human race. The lowering of the larynx below the oral level in the evolution of biped man entails not only mouth breathing but also oral speech. (cf. Negus: "The larynx is pushed down the throat as posture became erect!") In various animals (horse, dog, etc.) in which the larynx is situated more in line with the oral cavity or even higher (in the nasopharynx), mouth breathing and References 1. Bateman, G. H.: Oesophageal Speech After laryngectomy Acta oto-laryng. 43:133, 1953.Crossref 2. Beck, J.: La voix oesophagienne de remplacement des laryngectomisés , Rev. laryng. 77:729, 1956. 3. Burger, H., and Kaiser, L.: Speech Without a Larynx , Acta oto-laryng. 8:90, 1925.Crossref 4. Croatto, L. P.: L'exploration fonctionnelle du voile du palais , in La voix: Cours international de phonologie et de phoniatrie , edited by A. Aubin and J. Tarneaud, Paris, Norbert Maloine, 1953, p. 229. 5. Damste, P. H.; van den Berg, Jw., and Moolenaar-Bijl, A. J.: Why Are Some Patients Unable to Learn Esophageal Speech? Ann. Otol. Rhin. & Laryng. 65:998, 1956. 6. van Gelder, L.: De open neusspraak , Nederl. tijdschr. geneesk. 101:1005, 1957. 7. van Gilse, P. H. G.: Another Method of Speech Without Larynx Acta oto-laryng. , (Supp. 78) , p. 109, 1948. 8. Micheli-Pellegrini, V.: On the So-Called Pseudoglottis in Laryngectomized Patients , J. Laryng. & Otol. 71:405, 1957. 9. Moolenaar-Bijl, A. J., and Dirken, M. N. J.: Spreken zonder larynx , Nederl. tijdschr. geneesk. 91:118, 1947. 10. Negus, V. E.: The Mechanism of the Larynx , London, William Heinemann, Ltd., 1929. 11. Perello, J.: La voix du laryngectomisé , in La voix: cours international de phonologie et de phoniatrie , edited by A. Aubin and J. Tarneaud, Paris, Norbert Maloine, 1953, p. 317. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

Movements of the Superior Structures in the Laryngectomized Patient

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1958 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6894
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1958.00730010671003
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The function of the soft palate is to provide at the pharyngeal crossroad of airway and foodway a mobile separation between the nasal and the oral passage. In respiration through the nose the air can pass freely between the soft palate and the pharyngeal wall, while in swallowing the soft palate closes off this passage so that no food or drink may reach the nose. In addition to this function the soft palate contributes to the faculty of speech as developed in the human race. The lowering of the larynx below the oral level in the evolution of biped man entails not only mouth breathing but also oral speech. (cf. Negus: "The larynx is pushed down the throat as posture became erect!") In various animals (horse, dog, etc.) in which the larynx is situated more in line with the oral cavity or even higher (in the nasopharynx), mouth breathing and References 1. Bateman, G. H.: Oesophageal Speech After laryngectomy Acta oto-laryng. 43:133, 1953.Crossref 2. Beck, J.: La voix oesophagienne de remplacement des laryngectomisés , Rev. laryng. 77:729, 1956. 3. Burger, H., and Kaiser, L.: Speech Without a Larynx , Acta oto-laryng. 8:90, 1925.Crossref 4. Croatto, L. P.: L'exploration fonctionnelle du voile du palais , in La voix: Cours international de phonologie et de phoniatrie , edited by A. Aubin and J. Tarneaud, Paris, Norbert Maloine, 1953, p. 229. 5. Damste, P. H.; van den Berg, Jw., and Moolenaar-Bijl, A. J.: Why Are Some Patients Unable to Learn Esophageal Speech? Ann. Otol. Rhin. & Laryng. 65:998, 1956. 6. van Gelder, L.: De open neusspraak , Nederl. tijdschr. geneesk. 101:1005, 1957. 7. van Gilse, P. H. G.: Another Method of Speech Without Larynx Acta oto-laryng. , (Supp. 78) , p. 109, 1948. 8. Micheli-Pellegrini, V.: On the So-Called Pseudoglottis in Laryngectomized Patients , J. Laryng. & Otol. 71:405, 1957. 9. Moolenaar-Bijl, A. J., and Dirken, M. N. J.: Spreken zonder larynx , Nederl. tijdschr. geneesk. 91:118, 1947. 10. Negus, V. E.: The Mechanism of the Larynx , London, William Heinemann, Ltd., 1929. 11. Perello, J.: La voix du laryngectomisé , in La voix: cours international de phonologie et de phoniatrie , edited by A. Aubin and J. Tarneaud, Paris, Norbert Maloine, 1953, p. 317.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jun 1, 1958

References