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MORPHOLOGY OF THE SENSORY NERVE APPARATUS IN STRIATED MUSCLE OF THE HUMAN EYE

MORPHOLOGY OF THE SENSORY NERVE APPARATUS IN STRIATED MUSCLE OF THE HUMAN EYE Abstract PREVIOUS neurohistological investigations of the nervous system of the striated muscles of the human eye are primarily concerned with the motor and vegetative nerves and largely neglect the sensory apparatus (Boecke,* Kirsche,9 Wolter †). Since a systematic study of the latter is not available, a detailed description of the sensory nerves and endings will be given in this contribution. MATERIALS AND METHODS Normal striated muscles of the human eye were used exclusively. We applied a modification of the Gros-Schultze silver technique (Wolter17) and the silver carbonate method without reduction (del Rio Hortega), the latter proving of particular value (Scharenberg and Zeman13). Both methods permit exact microphotographic recording. Reconstructions by drawing are used to describe particularly complicated structures. HISTOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION Six distinctly different sensory end-organs can be distinguished in the striated muscles of the human eye.Type 1. Sensory muscle spindles (Figs. 1 and 2) built of thick References 1. References 1, 2, and 3. 2. References 18, 19, and 20. 3. References 18 and 19. Wolter, J. R.: Morphology of the Nervous System of the Striated Muscles of the Human Eye, read at the Seventh International Congress of Ophthalmology, New York, Sept. 17, 1954. 4. References 18 and 19. Wolter, J. R.: Morphology of the Nervous System of the Striated Muscle of the Human Eye, read at the Seventh International Congress of Ophthalmology, New York, Sept. 12-17, 1954. 5. Boecke, J.: Die Beziehungen der Nervenfasern zu den Bindegewebselementen und Tastzellen: Das periterminale Netzwerk der motorischen und sensiblen Nervenendigungen, seine morphologische und physiologische Bedeutung, Entwicklung und Regeneration , Ztschr. Zellforsch. u. mikr. Anat. 4:448, 1926. 6. Boecke, J.: Die morphologische Grundlage der sympathischen Innervation der quergestreiften Muskelfasern , Ztschr. Zellforsch. u. mikr. Anat. 8:561, 1927. 7. Boecke, J.: Nerve Endings, Motor and Sensory , in Penfield, W.: Cytologic and Cellular Pathology of the Nervous System , New York, Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., 1932, Vol. I, Sect. 6, p. 243. 8. Duke-Elder, W. S.: Physiological Action of the Extra-Ocular muscles , Lancet 1:824, 1930. 9. Dogiel, A. S.: Die Endigungen der sensiblen Nerven in den Augenmuskeln und deren Sehnen beim Menschen und den Säugetieren , Arch. mikr. Anat. 68:501, 1906.Crossref 10. Huber, G. C.: A Note on Sensory Nerve-Endings in the Extrinsic Eye-Muscles of the Rabbit: "Atypical Motor Endings" of Retzius , Anat. Anz. 15:335, 1899. 11. Izquierdo, V.: Über die Endigungsweise der sensiblen Nerven , Arch. mikr. Anat. 17:367, 1880.Crossref 12. Kolmer, W.: Zur Histologie der Augenhäute , Anat. Anz. 47:417, 1914. 13. Kirsche, W.: Die Innervation der Augenmuskulatur des Menschen , Ztschr. mikr.-anat. Forsch. 57:402, 1951. 14. Krause, W.: Die Nervenendigungen innerhalb der terminalen Körperchen , Arch. mikr. Anat. 19:53, 1881.Crossref 15. Lauber, H.: Auge , in von Möllendorff, M.: Handbuch der mikroscopischen Anatomie des Menschen , Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1936, Band III, Teil 2. 16. Retzius, G.: Biologische Untersuchungen von Gustaf Retzius , Neue Folge III, Stockholm, 1892. 17. Scharenberg, K., und Zeman, W.: Zur Leistungsfrhigkeit und zur Technik der Hortegaschen Silberkarbonatmethoden , Arch. Psychiat. 188:430, 1952.Crossref 18. Tozer, F. M., and Sherrington, C. S.: Receptors and Afferents of the Third, Fourth and Sixth Nerves , Proc. Roy. Soc. London, s. B. 82:450, 1910.Crossref 19. Wilkinson, H. J.: Innervation of the Striated Muscles , M. J. Australia 2:768, 1929. 20. Woollard, H. H.: Innervation of the Ocular Muscles , J. Anat. 65:215, 1931. 21. Wolter, J. R.: Die Langerhans'schen Inseln des Pferdes mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Zelltypen , Ztschr. Zellforsch. u. mikr. Anat. 35:229, 1950.Crossref 22. Wolter, J. R.: Die Nervenendigungen in der äusseren Augenmuskulatur , Ber. 57. Kongr. Deutsche Ophth. Gesellsch., Heidelberg , 1951, p. 285. 23. Wolter, J. R.: Über Nervenendigungen in der aüsseren Augenmuskulatur , Acta neurovegt. 4:343, 1952.Crossref 24. Wolter, J. R.: Die Gefässnerven in der äusseren, quergestreiften Augenmuskulatur des Menschen , Acta neurovegt. 5:257, 1953.Crossref 25. Cooper, S., and Daniel, P. M.: Muscle Spindles in Human Extrinsic Eye Muscle , Brain 72:1, 1949.Crossref 26. Daniel, P.: Spiral Nerve Endings in the Extrinsic Eye Muscles of Man , J. Anat. 80:189, 1946. 27. Hines, M.: Studies on the Innervation of Skeletal Muscle , Am. J. Anat. 47:1, 1931.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

MORPHOLOGY OF THE SENSORY NERVE APPARATUS IN STRIATED MUSCLE OF THE HUMAN EYE

A.M.A. Archives of Ophthalmology , Volume 53 (2) – Feb 1, 1955

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1955 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6339
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1955.00930010203004
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract PREVIOUS neurohistological investigations of the nervous system of the striated muscles of the human eye are primarily concerned with the motor and vegetative nerves and largely neglect the sensory apparatus (Boecke,* Kirsche,9 Wolter †). Since a systematic study of the latter is not available, a detailed description of the sensory nerves and endings will be given in this contribution. MATERIALS AND METHODS Normal striated muscles of the human eye were used exclusively. We applied a modification of the Gros-Schultze silver technique (Wolter17) and the silver carbonate method without reduction (del Rio Hortega), the latter proving of particular value (Scharenberg and Zeman13). Both methods permit exact microphotographic recording. Reconstructions by drawing are used to describe particularly complicated structures. HISTOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION Six distinctly different sensory end-organs can be distinguished in the striated muscles of the human eye.Type 1. Sensory muscle spindles (Figs. 1 and 2) built of thick References 1. References 1, 2, and 3. 2. References 18, 19, and 20. 3. References 18 and 19. Wolter, J. R.: Morphology of the Nervous System of the Striated Muscles of the Human Eye, read at the Seventh International Congress of Ophthalmology, New York, Sept. 17, 1954. 4. References 18 and 19. Wolter, J. R.: Morphology of the Nervous System of the Striated Muscle of the Human Eye, read at the Seventh International Congress of Ophthalmology, New York, Sept. 12-17, 1954. 5. Boecke, J.: Die Beziehungen der Nervenfasern zu den Bindegewebselementen und Tastzellen: Das periterminale Netzwerk der motorischen und sensiblen Nervenendigungen, seine morphologische und physiologische Bedeutung, Entwicklung und Regeneration , Ztschr. Zellforsch. u. mikr. Anat. 4:448, 1926. 6. Boecke, J.: Die morphologische Grundlage der sympathischen Innervation der quergestreiften Muskelfasern , Ztschr. Zellforsch. u. mikr. Anat. 8:561, 1927. 7. Boecke, J.: Nerve Endings, Motor and Sensory , in Penfield, W.: Cytologic and Cellular Pathology of the Nervous System , New York, Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., 1932, Vol. I, Sect. 6, p. 243. 8. Duke-Elder, W. S.: Physiological Action of the Extra-Ocular muscles , Lancet 1:824, 1930. 9. Dogiel, A. S.: Die Endigungen der sensiblen Nerven in den Augenmuskeln und deren Sehnen beim Menschen und den Säugetieren , Arch. mikr. Anat. 68:501, 1906.Crossref 10. Huber, G. C.: A Note on Sensory Nerve-Endings in the Extrinsic Eye-Muscles of the Rabbit: "Atypical Motor Endings" of Retzius , Anat. Anz. 15:335, 1899. 11. Izquierdo, V.: Über die Endigungsweise der sensiblen Nerven , Arch. mikr. Anat. 17:367, 1880.Crossref 12. Kolmer, W.: Zur Histologie der Augenhäute , Anat. Anz. 47:417, 1914. 13. Kirsche, W.: Die Innervation der Augenmuskulatur des Menschen , Ztschr. mikr.-anat. Forsch. 57:402, 1951. 14. Krause, W.: Die Nervenendigungen innerhalb der terminalen Körperchen , Arch. mikr. Anat. 19:53, 1881.Crossref 15. Lauber, H.: Auge , in von Möllendorff, M.: Handbuch der mikroscopischen Anatomie des Menschen , Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1936, Band III, Teil 2. 16. Retzius, G.: Biologische Untersuchungen von Gustaf Retzius , Neue Folge III, Stockholm, 1892. 17. Scharenberg, K., und Zeman, W.: Zur Leistungsfrhigkeit und zur Technik der Hortegaschen Silberkarbonatmethoden , Arch. Psychiat. 188:430, 1952.Crossref 18. Tozer, F. M., and Sherrington, C. S.: Receptors and Afferents of the Third, Fourth and Sixth Nerves , Proc. Roy. Soc. London, s. B. 82:450, 1910.Crossref 19. Wilkinson, H. J.: Innervation of the Striated Muscles , M. J. Australia 2:768, 1929. 20. Woollard, H. H.: Innervation of the Ocular Muscles , J. Anat. 65:215, 1931. 21. Wolter, J. R.: Die Langerhans'schen Inseln des Pferdes mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Zelltypen , Ztschr. Zellforsch. u. mikr. Anat. 35:229, 1950.Crossref 22. Wolter, J. R.: Die Nervenendigungen in der äusseren Augenmuskulatur , Ber. 57. Kongr. Deutsche Ophth. Gesellsch., Heidelberg , 1951, p. 285. 23. Wolter, J. R.: Über Nervenendigungen in der aüsseren Augenmuskulatur , Acta neurovegt. 4:343, 1952.Crossref 24. Wolter, J. R.: Die Gefässnerven in der äusseren, quergestreiften Augenmuskulatur des Menschen , Acta neurovegt. 5:257, 1953.Crossref 25. Cooper, S., and Daniel, P. M.: Muscle Spindles in Human Extrinsic Eye Muscle , Brain 72:1, 1949.Crossref 26. Daniel, P.: Spiral Nerve Endings in the Extrinsic Eye Muscles of Man , J. Anat. 80:189, 1946. 27. Hines, M.: Studies on the Innervation of Skeletal Muscle , Am. J. Anat. 47:1, 1931.Crossref

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Feb 1, 1955

References

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