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Miosis and Intraocular Pressure Changes During Manometry: Mechanically Irritated Rabbit Eyes Studied with Improved Manometric Technique

Miosis and Intraocular Pressure Changes During Manometry: Mechanically Irritated Rabbit Eyes... Abstract A "spontaneous" rise in intraocular pressure during manometry of the anterior segment of the rabbit eye introduces an undesirable variable into an otherwise accurate measurement. The origin of the reaction and the mechanism by which it alters intraocular pressure are not known. The purpose of this paper is first to report an improved method of manometry which avoids the reaction and permits physiologic study for relatively long periods of time in a nonirritated eye, and, second, to discuss the site of origin of the response. A subsequent report will deal with the mechanisms by which the rise in pressure is produced and sustained. The gross characteristics of the "spontaneous" pressure response during manometry resemble those changes induced following trigeminal stimulation either antidromically,1 or by chemical,2,3,4 or mechanical5,6 irritation of cornea, conjunctiva, iris, and lens, or by paracentesis,7 and consist of References 1. Perkins, E. S.: Influence of Fifth Cranial Nerve on Intraocular Pressure of the Rabbit Eye , Brit. J. Ophth. 41:257, 1957.Crossref 2. Davson, H., and Matchett, P. A.: Control of Intraocular Pressure in the Rabbit , J. Physiol. 113:387, 1951. 3. Friedenwald, J. S., and Pierce, H.: Pathogenesis of Acute Glaucoma: Experimental Study , Arch. Ophth. 3:574, 1930.Crossref 4. Hakim, S.: Argemone Oil, Sanguinarine, and Epidemic Dropsy Glaucoma , Brit. J. Ophth. 38:183, 1954.Crossref 5. Wesseley, K.: Experimentelle Untersuchungen über den Augendruck , Arch. Augenh. 60:1, 1908. 6. Duke-Elder, P. M., and Duke-Elder, W. S.: Vascular Responses of the Eye , Proc. Roy. Soc., s.B. London 109:19, 1931.Crossref 7. Grant, W. M.: Influences upon Intraocular Pressure , Pharmacol. Rev. 7:143, 1955. 8. Larsson, S.: Über den Augendruck und die Vorderen Intraokularen Gefässe: experimentalle Studien Stockholm , P. A. Norstedt & Sons, 1930. 9. Celander, O., and Folkow, B.: The Nature and Distribution of Afferent Fibers Provided with the Axon Reflex Arrangement , Acta. physiol. scandinav. 29:359, 1953.Crossref 10. Duke-Elder, W. S.: System of Ophthalmology: Eye in Evolution , London, Henry Kimpton, 1958, Vol. 1, p. 456. 11. Magendie, F.: De L'influence de la cinquième paire de nerfs sur la nutrition et les fonctions de l'oeil , J. de physiol. expèr. 4:176, 1824. 12. Bernard, C.: Lecons sur la physiologie et la pathologie du système nerveux , Paris, J. B. Bailliere, 1858, Vol. 2, p. 205. 13. Maurice, D.: Constriction of the Pupil in the Rabbit by Antidromic Stimulation of the Trigeminal Nerve , J. Physiol. 123:45P, 1953. 14. Ambache, N.: Properties of Irin, a Physiological Constituent of the Rabbit's Iris , J. Physiol. 135:114, 1957. 15. Leplat, G.: Étude de quelques réactions provoquées dans les yeux par une contusion oculaire unilatérale: recherches expérimentales et cliniques , Ann. ocul. 161:87, 1924. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

Miosis and Intraocular Pressure Changes During Manometry: Mechanically Irritated Rabbit Eyes Studied with Improved Manometric Technique

A.M.A. Archives of Ophthalmology , Volume 63 (4) – Apr 1, 1960

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1960 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6339
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1960.00950020709014
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract A "spontaneous" rise in intraocular pressure during manometry of the anterior segment of the rabbit eye introduces an undesirable variable into an otherwise accurate measurement. The origin of the reaction and the mechanism by which it alters intraocular pressure are not known. The purpose of this paper is first to report an improved method of manometry which avoids the reaction and permits physiologic study for relatively long periods of time in a nonirritated eye, and, second, to discuss the site of origin of the response. A subsequent report will deal with the mechanisms by which the rise in pressure is produced and sustained. The gross characteristics of the "spontaneous" pressure response during manometry resemble those changes induced following trigeminal stimulation either antidromically,1 or by chemical,2,3,4 or mechanical5,6 irritation of cornea, conjunctiva, iris, and lens, or by paracentesis,7 and consist of References 1. Perkins, E. S.: Influence of Fifth Cranial Nerve on Intraocular Pressure of the Rabbit Eye , Brit. J. Ophth. 41:257, 1957.Crossref 2. Davson, H., and Matchett, P. A.: Control of Intraocular Pressure in the Rabbit , J. Physiol. 113:387, 1951. 3. Friedenwald, J. S., and Pierce, H.: Pathogenesis of Acute Glaucoma: Experimental Study , Arch. Ophth. 3:574, 1930.Crossref 4. Hakim, S.: Argemone Oil, Sanguinarine, and Epidemic Dropsy Glaucoma , Brit. J. Ophth. 38:183, 1954.Crossref 5. Wesseley, K.: Experimentelle Untersuchungen über den Augendruck , Arch. Augenh. 60:1, 1908. 6. Duke-Elder, P. M., and Duke-Elder, W. S.: Vascular Responses of the Eye , Proc. Roy. Soc., s.B. London 109:19, 1931.Crossref 7. Grant, W. M.: Influences upon Intraocular Pressure , Pharmacol. Rev. 7:143, 1955. 8. Larsson, S.: Über den Augendruck und die Vorderen Intraokularen Gefässe: experimentalle Studien Stockholm , P. A. Norstedt & Sons, 1930. 9. Celander, O., and Folkow, B.: The Nature and Distribution of Afferent Fibers Provided with the Axon Reflex Arrangement , Acta. physiol. scandinav. 29:359, 1953.Crossref 10. Duke-Elder, W. S.: System of Ophthalmology: Eye in Evolution , London, Henry Kimpton, 1958, Vol. 1, p. 456. 11. Magendie, F.: De L'influence de la cinquième paire de nerfs sur la nutrition et les fonctions de l'oeil , J. de physiol. expèr. 4:176, 1824. 12. Bernard, C.: Lecons sur la physiologie et la pathologie du système nerveux , Paris, J. B. Bailliere, 1858, Vol. 2, p. 205. 13. Maurice, D.: Constriction of the Pupil in the Rabbit by Antidromic Stimulation of the Trigeminal Nerve , J. Physiol. 123:45P, 1953. 14. Ambache, N.: Properties of Irin, a Physiological Constituent of the Rabbit's Iris , J. Physiol. 135:114, 1957. 15. Leplat, G.: Étude de quelques réactions provoquées dans les yeux par une contusion oculaire unilatérale: recherches expérimentales et cliniques , Ann. ocul. 161:87, 1924.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Apr 1, 1960

References

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