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MILKERS' NODULES: Report of Ten Cases

MILKERS' NODULES: Report of Ten Cases Abstract MILKERS' nodules in man is a virus disease of the skin acquired, in most instances, from milking cows who are infected with natural (not vaccinia or genuine) cowpox. Natural cowpox is a virus disease of the teats and the udders of milch cows and is common among dairy cows in Iowa and probably throughout the United States. Becker1 was the first to report milkers' nodules in this country; he described four cases in residents of northern Minnesota and Wisconsin. After hearing Becker's presentation, Beck2 reported three cases from Delaware, and a few years later Green3 reported one case from Louisiana. Green stated that he had seen many cases of the disease and had recognized it as an occupational disease of milkers. Hester and associates4 studied an epidemic in a dairy herd in Illinois; they saw one case of milkers' nodules and heard of several others. References 1. Becker, F. T.: Milkers' Nodules: Report of 4 Cases , J. A. M. A. 115:2140 ( (Dec. 21) ) 1940.Crossref 2. Beck, J. R.: Milkers' Nodules: A Clinical Note , Delaware M. J. 12:180 ( (Aug.) ) 1940. 3. Green, M. T.: Milkers' Nodule , New Orleans M. & S. J. 97:13 ( (July) ) 1944. 4. Hester, H. R.; Boley, L. E., and Graham, R.: Studies on Cowpox: I. An Outbreak of Natural Cowpox and Its Relation to Vaccinia , Cornell Vet. 31:360 ( (Oct.) ) 1941. 5. Hagan, W. A.: The Infectious Diseases of Domestic Animals, with Special Reference to Etiology, Diagnosis, and Biologic Therapy , Ithaca, N. Y., Comstock Publishing Company, Inc., 1943, pp. 526-529. 6. Udall, D. H.: The Practice of Veterinary Medicine , Ed. 4 (revised), Ithaca, N. Y., Author, 1943, pp. 519-523. 7. Irwin, J. G., and Howe, E. C.; Merchant, I. A. (Professor and Head of the Department of Veterinary Hygiene, Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa), and Hagan, W. A. (Dean, New York State Veterinary College, Ithaca, N. Y.): Personal communications to the authors. 8. Abente Haedo, F.: Epizootía de cowpox en un ganado lechero, producido por la inoculación accidental de un hombre, recientemente sometido a la vacunación antivariólica: Contaminación consecutiva de todo el personal del establecimiento que no había sido vacunado: Tratamiento por la fiebre artificial , Arch. urug. med. 34:252 ( (March) ) 1949. 9. Boerner, F.: An Outbreak of Cow-Pox, Introduced by Vaccination, Involving a Herd of Cattle and a Family , J. Am. Vet. M. A. 64:93 ( (Oct.) ) 1923. 10. Gray, J. S. M.: Note on an Outbreak of Cowpox Affecting Animals and Milkers at Dairy Farms , M. Officer 70:61 ( (Aug. 21) ) 1943. 11. McCloy, A.: A Case of Cow-Pox , Brit. M. J. 1:362 ( (March 8) ) 1941. 12. Schultze, W.; Seifried, O., and Schaaf, J.: Die Melkerknoten und ihre Aetiologie , Ztschr. Infektionskr., par. Krankh. u. Hyg. d. Haustiere 31:295 ( (Sept.) ) 1927. 13. Salkan, P. M.: Zur Klinik der Epidemiologie und Ätiologie der Melkerknoten , Acta dermat.-venereol. 14:342 ( (Nov.) ) 1933. 14. Stark, A. M.; Tiesenhausen, M. M.: Gozanskaja, N. M.; Skrozky, E. W., and Schtschastny, D. S.: Über die Pockenätiologie der sog. Melkerknoten , Arch. Dermat. u. Syph. 170:38, 1934. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Dermatology & Syphilology American Medical Association

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1952 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-5979
DOI
10.1001/archderm.1952.01530250027003
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Abstract

Abstract MILKERS' nodules in man is a virus disease of the skin acquired, in most instances, from milking cows who are infected with natural (not vaccinia or genuine) cowpox. Natural cowpox is a virus disease of the teats and the udders of milch cows and is common among dairy cows in Iowa and probably throughout the United States. Becker1 was the first to report milkers' nodules in this country; he described four cases in residents of northern Minnesota and Wisconsin. After hearing Becker's presentation, Beck2 reported three cases from Delaware, and a few years later Green3 reported one case from Louisiana. Green stated that he had seen many cases of the disease and had recognized it as an occupational disease of milkers. Hester and associates4 studied an epidemic in a dairy herd in Illinois; they saw one case of milkers' nodules and heard of several others. References 1. Becker, F. T.: Milkers' Nodules: Report of 4 Cases , J. A. M. A. 115:2140 ( (Dec. 21) ) 1940.Crossref 2. Beck, J. R.: Milkers' Nodules: A Clinical Note , Delaware M. J. 12:180 ( (Aug.) ) 1940. 3. Green, M. T.: Milkers' Nodule , New Orleans M. & S. J. 97:13 ( (July) ) 1944. 4. Hester, H. R.; Boley, L. E., and Graham, R.: Studies on Cowpox: I. An Outbreak of Natural Cowpox and Its Relation to Vaccinia , Cornell Vet. 31:360 ( (Oct.) ) 1941. 5. Hagan, W. A.: The Infectious Diseases of Domestic Animals, with Special Reference to Etiology, Diagnosis, and Biologic Therapy , Ithaca, N. Y., Comstock Publishing Company, Inc., 1943, pp. 526-529. 6. Udall, D. H.: The Practice of Veterinary Medicine , Ed. 4 (revised), Ithaca, N. Y., Author, 1943, pp. 519-523. 7. Irwin, J. G., and Howe, E. C.; Merchant, I. A. (Professor and Head of the Department of Veterinary Hygiene, Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa), and Hagan, W. A. (Dean, New York State Veterinary College, Ithaca, N. Y.): Personal communications to the authors. 8. Abente Haedo, F.: Epizootía de cowpox en un ganado lechero, producido por la inoculación accidental de un hombre, recientemente sometido a la vacunación antivariólica: Contaminación consecutiva de todo el personal del establecimiento que no había sido vacunado: Tratamiento por la fiebre artificial , Arch. urug. med. 34:252 ( (March) ) 1949. 9. Boerner, F.: An Outbreak of Cow-Pox, Introduced by Vaccination, Involving a Herd of Cattle and a Family , J. Am. Vet. M. A. 64:93 ( (Oct.) ) 1923. 10. Gray, J. S. M.: Note on an Outbreak of Cowpox Affecting Animals and Milkers at Dairy Farms , M. Officer 70:61 ( (Aug. 21) ) 1943. 11. McCloy, A.: A Case of Cow-Pox , Brit. M. J. 1:362 ( (March 8) ) 1941. 12. Schultze, W.; Seifried, O., and Schaaf, J.: Die Melkerknoten und ihre Aetiologie , Ztschr. Infektionskr., par. Krankh. u. Hyg. d. Haustiere 31:295 ( (Sept.) ) 1927. 13. Salkan, P. M.: Zur Klinik der Epidemiologie und Ätiologie der Melkerknoten , Acta dermat.-venereol. 14:342 ( (Nov.) ) 1933. 14. Stark, A. M.; Tiesenhausen, M. M.: Gozanskaja, N. M.; Skrozky, E. W., and Schtschastny, D. S.: Über die Pockenätiologie der sog. Melkerknoten , Arch. Dermat. u. Syph. 170:38, 1934.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of Dermatology & SyphilologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jun 1, 1952

References