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Middle Ear Mucosa

Middle Ear Mucosa Abstract THE NORMAL lining of the middle ear is considered by most authorities as consisting of nonciliated, flat or cuboidal cells,1-3 and is thought to lack mucus-secreting elements.4-13 However, Polvogt4 states that cilia pass at times from the eustachian tube into the tympanum. Kolmer and Mellendorff12 saw cilia in the hypotympanum. Buch and Jorgensen13 as well as Lawson14 state that the tympanic cavity may be ciliated "in places." Maximov and Bloom15 state "near the opening of the auditory tube and tympanic membrane, it is (the epithelium) cuboidal or columnar and provided with cilia. The existence of glands is generally denied." Senturia16 described cilia in the tympanic cavity of dogs as well as goblet cells near the tube. Since it is known that lipoidal17,18 and fluorescent19 materials, licopodium seeds,20 starch, etc,21 are cleared rapidly from the middle ear through the eustachian tube into the nasopharynx, the assumption that cilia are absent or References 1. Friedman, I.: The Pathology of Secretory Otitis Media , Proc Roy Soc Med 56:695-699, 1963. 2. Schwarzbard, A.: The Reappraisal of the Clinical and Morphological Classification of the Tympanic Spaces and the Eustachian Tube , Ann Otol 67:241-247, 1958. 3. Wolff, D.: The Auditory Eustachian Tube , Laryngoscope 51:3-11, 1943. 4. Polvogt, L., and Babb, D.C.: Histologic Studies of the Eustachian Tube of Individuals With Good Hearing , Laryngoscope 50:671-675, 1940.Crossref 5. Semenov, H.: Some Observations of the Histopathology of Inflammation in the Eustachian Tube and the Middle Ear , Trans Amer Laryng 42:563-597, 1936. 6. Ojala, L.: Contribution to the Physiology and Pathology of Mastoid Air Cell Formation , Acta Otolaryng , (suppl 86) . 7. Suehs, O.W.: Secretory Otitis Media , Laryngoscope 62:933-1027, 1952.Crossref 8. Lowy, K.: Zur Pathologic des Sekretorischen Mittelohrkatarrhs , Mschr Ohrenheilk 72:40-46, 1938. 9. Bendek, G.A.: Histopathology of Transudatory Secretory Otitis Media , Arch Otolaryng 78:33-38, 1963.Crossref 10. Zollner, F.: Anatomie, Physiologie, Pathologie und Klinik der Ohrtrompete , Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1942. 11. Friedman, I.: The Comparative Pathology of Otitis Media Experimental and Human , J Laryng Otol 69:588-601, 1955.Crossref 12. Kolmer, W., and Mellendorff, M.V.: Handbuch der mikroskopische Anatomie des Menchen, 1927. 13. Buch, M.H., and Jorgensen, M.B.: Eustachian Tube and Middle Ear , Arch Otolaryng 79:472-480, 1964.Crossref 14. Lawson, L.J.: Secretory Otitis Media , Arch Otolaryng 6:346-352, 1927.Crossref 15. Maximov, A.A., and Bloom, W.: A Textbook of Histology , Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Co., 1944. 16. Senturia, B.H.; Carr, C.H.; and Ahlvim, R.C.: Middle Ear Effusions: Pathologic Changes of the Mucoperiosteum in the Experimental Animal , Ann Otol 71:632-648, 1962. 17. Terracol, J.; Carone, A.; and Gnerrier, J.: La Trompe d'Eustache , Masson et Cie, 1949. 18. Compere, W.E., Jr.: Tympanic Cavity Clearance Studies , Trans Amer Acad Ophthal 62:444-454, 1958. 19. Rogers, L.; Kirschner, F.; and Proud, G.O.: The Evaluation of Eustachian Tubal Function by Fluorescent Dye Studies , Laryngoscope 72:456-467, 1962.Crossref 20. Sate, I.: Experimentelle Untersuchengen uber die Flimmer-bewegungen in der Tuba eustachii , Zbl Hals Nas Ohrenheilk 31:687, 1939. 21. Holmgren, G.: Recherche experimentale sur la fonction de la trompe d'eustache , Acta Otolaryng 20:381-387, 1934.Crossref 22. Proetz, A.W.: Essays on the Applied Physiology of the Nose , St. Louis: Annals Publishing Company, 1947. 23. Hilding, A.C.: Ciliary Streaming in the Bronchial Tree and the Time Element in Carcinogenesis , New Eng J Med 256:634-640, 1957.Crossref 24. Ross, E.L., and Rawson, R.W.: Absorption From Middle Ear , Arch Otolaryng 22:312, 1935.Crossref 25. Berthick, E., and Proud, G.O.: Experimental Absorption of Fluids From the Middle Ear , Arch Otolaryng 81:237-242, 1965.Crossref 26. Flory, H.W.: Lectures on General Pathology , Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Co., 1959. 27. Aschan, G.: The Anatomy of the Eustachian Tube With Regard to Its Function , Acta Soc Med Upsal 40:131-149, 1955. 28. Farrier, J.B.: Histopathologic Considerations in Treatment of the Eustachian Tube , Arch Otolaryng 37:607, 1943. 29. Sade, J.: To be published. 30. Senturia, B.H.; Carr, C.A.; and Bauman, E.S.: Middle Ear Effusions: Courses and Treatment , Trans Amer Acad Ophthal 64:60-72, 1960. 31. Gessert, C.F.; Bauman, E.S.; and Senturia, B.H.: The Action of Enzymes on Human Middle Ear Effusions , Ann Otol 69:936-956, 1960. 32. Friedman, I.: The Pathology of Otitis Media , Rep Inst Laryng Otol 7/8:221-236, 1957-1958. 33. Senturia, B.H.: Secretory Otitis Media , Proc Roy Soc Med 56:687-706, 1963. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1966 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9977
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1966.00760030139005
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract THE NORMAL lining of the middle ear is considered by most authorities as consisting of nonciliated, flat or cuboidal cells,1-3 and is thought to lack mucus-secreting elements.4-13 However, Polvogt4 states that cilia pass at times from the eustachian tube into the tympanum. Kolmer and Mellendorff12 saw cilia in the hypotympanum. Buch and Jorgensen13 as well as Lawson14 state that the tympanic cavity may be ciliated "in places." Maximov and Bloom15 state "near the opening of the auditory tube and tympanic membrane, it is (the epithelium) cuboidal or columnar and provided with cilia. The existence of glands is generally denied." Senturia16 described cilia in the tympanic cavity of dogs as well as goblet cells near the tube. Since it is known that lipoidal17,18 and fluorescent19 materials, licopodium seeds,20 starch, etc,21 are cleared rapidly from the middle ear through the eustachian tube into the nasopharynx, the assumption that cilia are absent or References 1. Friedman, I.: The Pathology of Secretory Otitis Media , Proc Roy Soc Med 56:695-699, 1963. 2. Schwarzbard, A.: The Reappraisal of the Clinical and Morphological Classification of the Tympanic Spaces and the Eustachian Tube , Ann Otol 67:241-247, 1958. 3. Wolff, D.: The Auditory Eustachian Tube , Laryngoscope 51:3-11, 1943. 4. Polvogt, L., and Babb, D.C.: Histologic Studies of the Eustachian Tube of Individuals With Good Hearing , Laryngoscope 50:671-675, 1940.Crossref 5. Semenov, H.: Some Observations of the Histopathology of Inflammation in the Eustachian Tube and the Middle Ear , Trans Amer Laryng 42:563-597, 1936. 6. Ojala, L.: Contribution to the Physiology and Pathology of Mastoid Air Cell Formation , Acta Otolaryng , (suppl 86) . 7. Suehs, O.W.: Secretory Otitis Media , Laryngoscope 62:933-1027, 1952.Crossref 8. Lowy, K.: Zur Pathologic des Sekretorischen Mittelohrkatarrhs , Mschr Ohrenheilk 72:40-46, 1938. 9. Bendek, G.A.: Histopathology of Transudatory Secretory Otitis Media , Arch Otolaryng 78:33-38, 1963.Crossref 10. Zollner, F.: Anatomie, Physiologie, Pathologie und Klinik der Ohrtrompete , Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1942. 11. Friedman, I.: The Comparative Pathology of Otitis Media Experimental and Human , J Laryng Otol 69:588-601, 1955.Crossref 12. Kolmer, W., and Mellendorff, M.V.: Handbuch der mikroskopische Anatomie des Menchen, 1927. 13. Buch, M.H., and Jorgensen, M.B.: Eustachian Tube and Middle Ear , Arch Otolaryng 79:472-480, 1964.Crossref 14. Lawson, L.J.: Secretory Otitis Media , Arch Otolaryng 6:346-352, 1927.Crossref 15. Maximov, A.A., and Bloom, W.: A Textbook of Histology , Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Co., 1944. 16. Senturia, B.H.; Carr, C.H.; and Ahlvim, R.C.: Middle Ear Effusions: Pathologic Changes of the Mucoperiosteum in the Experimental Animal , Ann Otol 71:632-648, 1962. 17. Terracol, J.; Carone, A.; and Gnerrier, J.: La Trompe d'Eustache , Masson et Cie, 1949. 18. Compere, W.E., Jr.: Tympanic Cavity Clearance Studies , Trans Amer Acad Ophthal 62:444-454, 1958. 19. Rogers, L.; Kirschner, F.; and Proud, G.O.: The Evaluation of Eustachian Tubal Function by Fluorescent Dye Studies , Laryngoscope 72:456-467, 1962.Crossref 20. Sate, I.: Experimentelle Untersuchengen uber die Flimmer-bewegungen in der Tuba eustachii , Zbl Hals Nas Ohrenheilk 31:687, 1939. 21. Holmgren, G.: Recherche experimentale sur la fonction de la trompe d'eustache , Acta Otolaryng 20:381-387, 1934.Crossref 22. Proetz, A.W.: Essays on the Applied Physiology of the Nose , St. Louis: Annals Publishing Company, 1947. 23. Hilding, A.C.: Ciliary Streaming in the Bronchial Tree and the Time Element in Carcinogenesis , New Eng J Med 256:634-640, 1957.Crossref 24. Ross, E.L., and Rawson, R.W.: Absorption From Middle Ear , Arch Otolaryng 22:312, 1935.Crossref 25. Berthick, E., and Proud, G.O.: Experimental Absorption of Fluids From the Middle Ear , Arch Otolaryng 81:237-242, 1965.Crossref 26. Flory, H.W.: Lectures on General Pathology , Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Co., 1959. 27. Aschan, G.: The Anatomy of the Eustachian Tube With Regard to Its Function , Acta Soc Med Upsal 40:131-149, 1955. 28. Farrier, J.B.: Histopathologic Considerations in Treatment of the Eustachian Tube , Arch Otolaryng 37:607, 1943. 29. Sade, J.: To be published. 30. Senturia, B.H.; Carr, C.A.; and Bauman, E.S.: Middle Ear Effusions: Courses and Treatment , Trans Amer Acad Ophthal 64:60-72, 1960. 31. Gessert, C.F.; Bauman, E.S.; and Senturia, B.H.: The Action of Enzymes on Human Middle Ear Effusions , Ann Otol 69:936-956, 1960. 32. Friedman, I.: The Pathology of Otitis Media , Rep Inst Laryng Otol 7/8:221-236, 1957-1958. 33. Senturia, B.H.: Secretory Otitis Media , Proc Roy Soc Med 56:687-706, 1963.

Journal

Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Aug 1, 1966

References

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