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MEASUREMENT OF THE BODY SURFACE IN MEN AND IN WOMEN

MEASUREMENT OF THE BODY SURFACE IN MEN AND IN WOMEN Abstract Practical determination of the body surface is a question of the highest importance, as indicated by the numerous contributions on the subject. The present discussion deals with a practical method for making such determinations. First, however, it is well to review the work of the physiologists, which is employed by physicians as a basis. Recent clinical studies of the basal metabolism have confirmed the importance of the law that surface is an important factor in animal thermogenesis.1 This law, perceived by Bergman,2 in 1848, was first fully formulated by Rubner,3 in 1883, following his combustion tests, and by Richet,4 whose studies of 1884 and 1885 refer to calorimetric measurements. It shows that animal thermogenesis is fundamentally expressed in terms of the cutaneous surface, and not on the volume or weight. Figures obtained by various observers appear in the accompanying table. This table shows the practical constancy of heat expenditure per References 1. Benedict, F. G., and Talbot, F. B.: Metabolism of Growth from Birth to Puberty , Carnegie Institute Publication, No. 302, 1921. 2. Bergman: Wärmeökonomie der Thiere , Göttingen, 1848. 3. Rubner, M.: Ueber den einfluss der Körpergrösse auf Stoff und Kraftwechsel , Ztschr. f. Biol. 19:545, 1883. 4. Richet, C.: Mesure des conbustion respiratoires chez le chien , Arch. f. Physiol. 2:17-30 ( (Jan.) ) 1890 5. Mesures de calorimétrie , Arch. f. Physiol. 6:237, 450-497 ( (Aug.) -Sept.) 1885. 6. Lapicque, M., and Lapicque, L.: Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 66:289 ( (Feb. 20) ) 1909 7. Lapicque Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 66:528 ( (March 27) ) 1909 8. Lapicque Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 67:337 ( (July 31) ) 1909 9. Lapicque Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 70:375 ( (March 11) ) 1911 10. Lapicque Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 70:737 ( (May 13) ) 1911 11. Bull. Soc. d'hyg. aliment. , Nos. (5) and 6, 1911 12. Bull. du Muséum d'hist. nat. , No. (1) , 1911, p. 2 13. Compt. rend. Acad. d. sc. , (June 13) , 1921, p. 1526. 14. Meeh: Oberflächenmässungen des menschlingen Körpers , Ztschr. f. Biol. 15:425, 1879. 15. Fubini and Ronchi: Ueber die perspiration der CO2 beim Menschen, Moleschotts untersuchungen, 3 , Naturlehre , 1881. 16. Bouchard: Compt. rend. Acad. d. sc. , 1897, p. 845 17. Traité de pathologie générale , Paris, 3:200-384, 1900. 18. Letulle and Pompilian: Bull. Soc. d'hyg. aliment. , 1906, p. 708. 19. Lassabliére: Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. , 1910, p. 339. 20. Funke: Moleschotts Unters, 2 , Naturlehre 4:36, 1858. 21. Lissauer: Oberflächenmässungen an Saüglingen und ihre Bedeutung für Nahrungbedarf , Jahrb. f. Kinderh. , 1902, p. 392. 22. Variot and Saint Albin: Bull. Soc. de pédiat. de Paris 5:307, 1903. 23. Du Bois, D., and Du Bois, E.: The Surface of the Body , Arch. Int. Med. 17:863 ( (June) ) 1916.Crossref 24. Bouchard: Compt. rend. Acad. d. sc. 124:848 ( (April 20) ) 1897. 25. Broca, André: Précis de physique médicale, pp. 47 and 48. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Internal Medicine American Medical Association

MEASUREMENT OF THE BODY SURFACE IN MEN AND IN WOMEN

Archives of Internal Medicine , Volume 35 (5) – May 1, 1925

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1925 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0730-188X
DOI
10.1001/archinte.1925.00120110092011
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Abstract

Abstract Practical determination of the body surface is a question of the highest importance, as indicated by the numerous contributions on the subject. The present discussion deals with a practical method for making such determinations. First, however, it is well to review the work of the physiologists, which is employed by physicians as a basis. Recent clinical studies of the basal metabolism have confirmed the importance of the law that surface is an important factor in animal thermogenesis.1 This law, perceived by Bergman,2 in 1848, was first fully formulated by Rubner,3 in 1883, following his combustion tests, and by Richet,4 whose studies of 1884 and 1885 refer to calorimetric measurements. It shows that animal thermogenesis is fundamentally expressed in terms of the cutaneous surface, and not on the volume or weight. Figures obtained by various observers appear in the accompanying table. This table shows the practical constancy of heat expenditure per References 1. Benedict, F. G., and Talbot, F. B.: Metabolism of Growth from Birth to Puberty , Carnegie Institute Publication, No. 302, 1921. 2. Bergman: Wärmeökonomie der Thiere , Göttingen, 1848. 3. Rubner, M.: Ueber den einfluss der Körpergrösse auf Stoff und Kraftwechsel , Ztschr. f. Biol. 19:545, 1883. 4. Richet, C.: Mesure des conbustion respiratoires chez le chien , Arch. f. Physiol. 2:17-30 ( (Jan.) ) 1890 5. Mesures de calorimétrie , Arch. f. Physiol. 6:237, 450-497 ( (Aug.) -Sept.) 1885. 6. Lapicque, M., and Lapicque, L.: Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 66:289 ( (Feb. 20) ) 1909 7. Lapicque Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 66:528 ( (March 27) ) 1909 8. Lapicque Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 67:337 ( (July 31) ) 1909 9. Lapicque Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 70:375 ( (March 11) ) 1911 10. Lapicque Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 70:737 ( (May 13) ) 1911 11. Bull. Soc. d'hyg. aliment. , Nos. (5) and 6, 1911 12. Bull. du Muséum d'hist. nat. , No. (1) , 1911, p. 2 13. Compt. rend. Acad. d. sc. , (June 13) , 1921, p. 1526. 14. Meeh: Oberflächenmässungen des menschlingen Körpers , Ztschr. f. Biol. 15:425, 1879. 15. Fubini and Ronchi: Ueber die perspiration der CO2 beim Menschen, Moleschotts untersuchungen, 3 , Naturlehre , 1881. 16. Bouchard: Compt. rend. Acad. d. sc. , 1897, p. 845 17. Traité de pathologie générale , Paris, 3:200-384, 1900. 18. Letulle and Pompilian: Bull. Soc. d'hyg. aliment. , 1906, p. 708. 19. Lassabliére: Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. , 1910, p. 339. 20. Funke: Moleschotts Unters, 2 , Naturlehre 4:36, 1858. 21. Lissauer: Oberflächenmässungen an Saüglingen und ihre Bedeutung für Nahrungbedarf , Jahrb. f. Kinderh. , 1902, p. 392. 22. Variot and Saint Albin: Bull. Soc. de pédiat. de Paris 5:307, 1903. 23. Du Bois, D., and Du Bois, E.: The Surface of the Body , Arch. Int. Med. 17:863 ( (June) ) 1916.Crossref 24. Bouchard: Compt. rend. Acad. d. sc. 124:848 ( (April 20) ) 1897. 25. Broca, André: Précis de physique médicale, pp. 47 and 48.

Journal

Archives of Internal MedicineAmerican Medical Association

Published: May 1, 1925

References