Abstract Abraham Horwitz, M.D. Chairman I need hardly say how honored I am to have been asked to open the discussion at this International Conference on Measles Immunization. It is a great privilege to receive such an invitation and a great pleasure to have the opportunity of coming to this friendly country again and meeting those who have contributed so much to our knowledge of the disease. There is nothing new that I can say about measles, and I propose therefore to give a brief review of the more general features of the disease, particularly in relation to its epidemiology and immunity. Nomenclature There is some doubt about the origin of the name measles. Most probably it comes from the Latin term misellus or misella, itself a diminutive of the Latin miser, meaning miserable, which was given to the inmate of a medieval leper house. It was used in this way References 1. Creighton, C.: A History of Epidemics in Britain , Vol. 2, London, Cambridge University Press, 1894. 2. Christensen, P. E.; Schmidt, H.; Jensen, O.; Bang, H. O.; Anderson, V., and Jordal, B.: An Epidemic of Measles in Southern Greenland, 1951: Measles in Virgin Soil , I. Acta Med. Scand. 144:313, 1952.Crossref 3. Peart, A. F. W., and Nagler, F. P.: Measles in the Canadian Arctic, 1952 , Canad. J. Public Health 45:146 ( (April) ) 1954. 4. McDonald, J. C., and Cockburn, W. C.: Report on the Use of Gamma Globulin and Adult Serum for Measles Prophylaxis in England and Wales, 1949-53 , Brit. Med. J. 2:1076 ( (Nov. 6) ) 1954.Crossref 5. Stocks, P., and Kam, M. N.: A Study of the Epidemiology of Measles , Ann. Eugenics 3:361 ( (Oct.) ) 1928.Crossref 6. Halliday, J. L.: An Inquiry into the Relationship Between Housing Conditions and the Incidence and Fatality of Measles, Medical Research Council, Special Report Series No. 120, London, His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1928. 7. Enders, J. F.: in Virus and Rickettsial Diseases with Especial Consideration of Their Public Health Significance: A Symposium Held at the Harvard School of Public Health , (June 12) -17, 1939, Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1940, p. 237. 8. Report: Epidemics in Schools. An Analysis of the Data Collected During the First 5 Years of a Statistical Inquiry by the School Epidemics Committee, Medical Research Council, Special Report Series No. 227, London, His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1938. 9. Panum, P. L.: Observations Made During the Epidemic of Measles on the Faeröe Islands in the Year 1846 , New York, Delta Omega Society, 1940. 10. Burnet, F. M.: The Background of Infectious Diseases in Man, Melbourne, The Melbourne Permanent Postgraduate Committee, 1946. 11. Black, F. L.: Serological Epidemiology in Measles , Yale J. Biol. Med 32:44 ( (Sept.) ) 1959.
American Journal of Diseases of Children – American Medical Association
Published: Mar 1, 1962