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Mastoid Pneumatization in Chronic Otitis Media

Mastoid Pneumatization in Chronic Otitis Media Abstract THE PROBLEM of pneumatization of the mastoid process in chronic otitis media has assumed new importance in connection with the development of operative methods of improving hearing. The classic theory of Wittmaack1 and his school, according to which inhibited pneumatization of the air cells of the mastoid process or its sclerotization is a sequel of otitis media in inflancy, has had to be modified in the light of later observations. Albrecht2 and Schwarz3 were of the opinion that pneumatization of the air cells of the mastoid process is inhibited only in cases of constitutionally weak mucous membrane. In the current discussion on the problem of pneumatization of the mastoid process, Tumarkin4-6 represents the standpoint of the school of Wittmaack, while Diamant7,8 adduces evidence that the extent of the air cell system of the mastoid process is a hereditary characteristic which does not change after birth. References 1. Wittmaack, K.: Über die normale und pathologische Pneumatisation des Schlafenbeines , Jena, Germany: G. Fischer, 1918. 2. Albrecht, W.: Mittelohreiterung und Pneumatisation des Warzenforsatzes , Arch Ohr Nas Kehlkopfheilk , p 55, 1924. 3. Schwarz, M.: Die Bedeutung der hereditaren Anlage für die Pneumatisation des Warzenforsatzes und der Nasennebenhöhlen , Arch Ohr Nas Kehlkopfheilk 123:161, 1929.Crossref 4. Tumarkin, A.: On the Nature and Vicissitudes of the Accessory Air Spaces of the Middle Ear , J Laryng 71:137, 1957.Crossref 5. Tumarkin, A.: Cause or Effect a Study in Otopathology, Statistics and Logic , Acta Otolaryng 50:487, 1959.Crossref 6. Tumarkin, A.: On the Nature and Significance of Hypocellularity of the Mastoid , J Laryng 73:34, 1959.Crossref 7. Diamant, M.: Zür Frage der Pneumatisation sentwicklung des Warzenforsatzes , Arch Ohr Nas Kehlkopfheilk 166:369, 1955.Crossref 8. Diamant, M.: Pneumatisation of the Mastoid Bone , J Laryng 72:343, 1958.Crossref 9. Schwarzbart, A.: The Pneumatisation of the Temporal Bone: A New Concept , J Laryng 73:45, 1959.Crossref 10. Schwarzbart, A.: Repneumatisation of the Tympanic Cavity in Otosurgery , J Laryng 74:541, 1960.Crossref 11. Rauch, S.: Die knostitutionell-genetischen Faktoren zür Mastoidpneumatisation , Mschr Ohrenheilk 90:20, 1956. 12. Bauer, E.: Über Schadelmasse und Pneumatisation des Warzenforsatzes , Mschr Ohrenheilk 71:1457, 1937. 13. Cheatle, R.: Some Uncommon Anatomical Conditions in the Temporal Bone and Their Surgical Importance , Acta Otolaryng 8:117, 1925.Crossref 14. Lettenbauer, W.: Über die Pneumatisation des Felsenbeines: Eine anatomische und rontgenologische Studie, unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der konstitutionellen Verhältnisse , Arch Ohr Nas Kehlkopfheilk 43:314, 1938. 15. Ojala, L.: Contribution to the Physiology and Pathology of Mastoid Air Cell Formation: Histological Studies of Aged Individuals and Newborn Infants , Acta Otolaryng , (suppl 86) , p 1, 1950. 16. Steurer, O.: Das Röntgenbild des Warzenforsatzes und seine klinische Bewertung , Arch Ohr Nas Kehlkopfheilk 15:261, 1926. 17. Ziegelmann, E.F.: The Cellular Character of One Hundred Temporal Bones: Clinical and Surgical Significance , Ann Otolaryng 44:3, 1935. 18. Froste, N.: Studien über die Einwirkung der Pneumatisierung des Felsenbeines auf den Verlauf der Otitiden , Acta Otolaryng 28:394, 1942.Crossref 19. Müller, E.: Die Gewebsgrundlagen chronisch entzündlicher Schalleitungschindernisse , Stuttgart: Georg Thieme Verlag, 1960. 20. Wellauer, J., and Alesch, M.: Röntgenanatomische Studien der Pneumatisationsverhältnisse am normalen Felsenbein, bei Cholesteatom und unter Lärmeinwirkung , Fortschr Roentgenstr 87:605, 1957.Crossref 21. Opheim, O.: Chronic Middle Ear Inflammation and the Pneumatic System in the Mastoid Process , Acta Otolaryng 56:28, 1941. 22. Günnel, F.: Neue Untersuchungen über Entwiklung des Warzenforsatzes und seiner Pneumatisation , Arch Ohr Nas Kehlkopfheilk 172:1, 1957.Crossref 23. Loebell, M.: Ohroperation im frühen Kindesalter und Pneumatisationsentwiklung , Z Laryng Rhinol Otol 326:21, 1931. 24. Rambo, J.H.T.: A New Operation to Restore Hearing in Conductive Deafness of Chronic Suppurative Origin , Arch Otolaryng 66:525, 1957.Crossref 25. Thurner, A.L., and Porter, W.G.: The Structural Type of the Mastoid Process Based Upon the Skiographic Examination of One Thousand Crania of Various Races of Mankind , J Laryng 37:161, 1922.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

Mastoid Pneumatization in Chronic Otitis Media

Archives of Otolaryngology , Volume 83 (4) – Apr 1, 1966

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1966 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9977
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1966.00760020345011
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract THE PROBLEM of pneumatization of the mastoid process in chronic otitis media has assumed new importance in connection with the development of operative methods of improving hearing. The classic theory of Wittmaack1 and his school, according to which inhibited pneumatization of the air cells of the mastoid process or its sclerotization is a sequel of otitis media in inflancy, has had to be modified in the light of later observations. Albrecht2 and Schwarz3 were of the opinion that pneumatization of the air cells of the mastoid process is inhibited only in cases of constitutionally weak mucous membrane. In the current discussion on the problem of pneumatization of the mastoid process, Tumarkin4-6 represents the standpoint of the school of Wittmaack, while Diamant7,8 adduces evidence that the extent of the air cell system of the mastoid process is a hereditary characteristic which does not change after birth. References 1. Wittmaack, K.: Über die normale und pathologische Pneumatisation des Schlafenbeines , Jena, Germany: G. Fischer, 1918. 2. Albrecht, W.: Mittelohreiterung und Pneumatisation des Warzenforsatzes , Arch Ohr Nas Kehlkopfheilk , p 55, 1924. 3. Schwarz, M.: Die Bedeutung der hereditaren Anlage für die Pneumatisation des Warzenforsatzes und der Nasennebenhöhlen , Arch Ohr Nas Kehlkopfheilk 123:161, 1929.Crossref 4. Tumarkin, A.: On the Nature and Vicissitudes of the Accessory Air Spaces of the Middle Ear , J Laryng 71:137, 1957.Crossref 5. Tumarkin, A.: Cause or Effect a Study in Otopathology, Statistics and Logic , Acta Otolaryng 50:487, 1959.Crossref 6. Tumarkin, A.: On the Nature and Significance of Hypocellularity of the Mastoid , J Laryng 73:34, 1959.Crossref 7. Diamant, M.: Zür Frage der Pneumatisation sentwicklung des Warzenforsatzes , Arch Ohr Nas Kehlkopfheilk 166:369, 1955.Crossref 8. Diamant, M.: Pneumatisation of the Mastoid Bone , J Laryng 72:343, 1958.Crossref 9. Schwarzbart, A.: The Pneumatisation of the Temporal Bone: A New Concept , J Laryng 73:45, 1959.Crossref 10. Schwarzbart, A.: Repneumatisation of the Tympanic Cavity in Otosurgery , J Laryng 74:541, 1960.Crossref 11. Rauch, S.: Die knostitutionell-genetischen Faktoren zür Mastoidpneumatisation , Mschr Ohrenheilk 90:20, 1956. 12. Bauer, E.: Über Schadelmasse und Pneumatisation des Warzenforsatzes , Mschr Ohrenheilk 71:1457, 1937. 13. Cheatle, R.: Some Uncommon Anatomical Conditions in the Temporal Bone and Their Surgical Importance , Acta Otolaryng 8:117, 1925.Crossref 14. Lettenbauer, W.: Über die Pneumatisation des Felsenbeines: Eine anatomische und rontgenologische Studie, unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der konstitutionellen Verhältnisse , Arch Ohr Nas Kehlkopfheilk 43:314, 1938. 15. Ojala, L.: Contribution to the Physiology and Pathology of Mastoid Air Cell Formation: Histological Studies of Aged Individuals and Newborn Infants , Acta Otolaryng , (suppl 86) , p 1, 1950. 16. Steurer, O.: Das Röntgenbild des Warzenforsatzes und seine klinische Bewertung , Arch Ohr Nas Kehlkopfheilk 15:261, 1926. 17. Ziegelmann, E.F.: The Cellular Character of One Hundred Temporal Bones: Clinical and Surgical Significance , Ann Otolaryng 44:3, 1935. 18. Froste, N.: Studien über die Einwirkung der Pneumatisierung des Felsenbeines auf den Verlauf der Otitiden , Acta Otolaryng 28:394, 1942.Crossref 19. Müller, E.: Die Gewebsgrundlagen chronisch entzündlicher Schalleitungschindernisse , Stuttgart: Georg Thieme Verlag, 1960. 20. Wellauer, J., and Alesch, M.: Röntgenanatomische Studien der Pneumatisationsverhältnisse am normalen Felsenbein, bei Cholesteatom und unter Lärmeinwirkung , Fortschr Roentgenstr 87:605, 1957.Crossref 21. Opheim, O.: Chronic Middle Ear Inflammation and the Pneumatic System in the Mastoid Process , Acta Otolaryng 56:28, 1941. 22. Günnel, F.: Neue Untersuchungen über Entwiklung des Warzenforsatzes und seiner Pneumatisation , Arch Ohr Nas Kehlkopfheilk 172:1, 1957.Crossref 23. Loebell, M.: Ohroperation im frühen Kindesalter und Pneumatisationsentwiklung , Z Laryng Rhinol Otol 326:21, 1931. 24. Rambo, J.H.T.: A New Operation to Restore Hearing in Conductive Deafness of Chronic Suppurative Origin , Arch Otolaryng 66:525, 1957.Crossref 25. Thurner, A.L., and Porter, W.G.: The Structural Type of the Mastoid Process Based Upon the Skiographic Examination of One Thousand Crania of Various Races of Mankind , J Laryng 37:161, 1922.Crossref

Journal

Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Apr 1, 1966

References

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