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Lupus Erythematosus Profundus: Commentary and Report of Four More Cases

Lupus Erythematosus Profundus: Commentary and Report of Four More Cases Abstract Kingsbury, in 1918, presented before the New York Dermatological Society a young woman with old favus scars in the scalp, discoid lupus erythematosus of the cheek, and subcutaneous nodules on one arm, of about a year's duration.1 Wise, in the discussion on Kingsbury's case, remarked that it was the third time in a year he had encountered lupus erythematosus in combination with sarcoid. MacKee said he had seen nodules occur with lupus erythematosus before, but that they were ordinarily edematous and transitory. There was no histologic confirmation of the clinical diagnosis of sarcoid, and it seems probable that this was the first published American observation of what has since been called (by Irgang,2 by me,3 by Costa and Junqueira,4 and by Ramos e Silva and Portugal5) lupus erythematosus profundus. LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS AND SARCOID The occurrence of subcutaneous nodules and plaques in References 1. References 6 through 9. 2. Stokes, J. H., in discussion on Schildkraut, J. M.: Lupus Erythematosus , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 32:693 ( (Oct.) ) 1935. 3. References 13 and 14. 4. Kohn (Kaposi), M.: Zum Wesen und zur Therapie des Lupus erythematosus , Arch. Dermat. u. Syph. 1:18, 1869 5. Kingsbury, J.: Sarcoid and Favus , J. Cutan. Dis. 36:533 ( (Nov.) ) 1918. 6. Irgang, S.: Lupus Erythematosus Profundus , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 42:97 ( (July) ) 1940. 7. Arnold, H. L., Jr.: Lupus Erythematosus Profundus (Kaposi-Irgang): Historical Review and Report of a Case , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 57:196 ( (Feb.) ) 1948. 8. Costa, O. G., and Junqueria, M. A.: Lupus érythémateux profond (Kaposi-Irgang): Probablement le premier cas enregistré en Amérique du Sud , Ann. dermat. et syph. 79:535 ( (Sept.) -Oct.) 1952. 9. Ramos e Silva, J., and Portugal, H.: Cas de lupus érythémateux profond , Ann. dermat. et syph. , to be published. 10. Wise, F. (for Fordyce, J. A.): Lupus Erythematosus with Nodular Lesions , J. Cutan. Dis. 36:229 ( (April) ) 1918. 11. Kingsbury, J.: Sarcoid , J. Cutan. Dis. 36:458 ( (Sept.) ) 1918. 12. Wise, F. (for Fordyce, J. A.): Lupus Erythematosus (Nodular Type) , J. Cutan. Dis. 36:585 ( (Dec.) ) 1918. 13. Trimble, W. B.: Case for Diagnosis (Sarcoid or LE) , J. Cutan. Dis. 36:592 ( (Dec.) ) 1918. 14. Grund, J. L.: Chronic Lupus Erythematosus: Report of an Unusual Case with Concomitant Subcutaneous Edematous Swellings; Historical Review , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 61:20 ( (Jan.) ) 1950. 15. Stokes, J. H.: Transition Sarcoid: Lupus Erythematosus vs. Sarcoid vs. Angiolupoid , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 32:694 ( (Oct.) ) 1935. 16. Stokes, J. H.; Beerman, H., and Ingraham. N. R., Jr.: Modern Clinical Syphilology , Ed. 3, Philadelphia and London, W. B. Saunders Company, 1944, p. 727. 17. Montgomery, H.: Pathology of Lupus Erythematosus , J. Invest. Dermat. 2:343 ( (Dec.) ) 1939. 18. Goeckerman, W. H., and Montgomery, H.: Lupus Erythematosus: An Evaluation of Histologic Examinations , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 25:304 ( (Feb.) ) 1932. 19. Gougerot, H., and Burnier, R.: Lupus érythémateux tumidus , Bull. Soc. franç. dermat. et syph. 38:195, 1931. 20. Bechet, P.: Lupus Erythematosus Hypertrophicus et Profundus , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 45:33 ( (Jan.) ) 1942. 21. Pautrier, L. -M.: Lupus erythematosus , in Nouvelle Pratique Dermatologique , edited by J. Darier and others, Paris, Masson & Cie, 1936, Vol. 3, p. 747. 22. Kaposi, M.: Pathologie und Therapie der Hautkrankheiten , Ed. 2, Vienna, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1883, p. 642. 23. Kren, O.: Lupus erythematosus , Arch. Dermat. u. Syph. 112:391, 1912. 24. Oppenheim, M.: Lupus erythematosus profundus , Arch. Dermat. u. Syph. 115:847, 1913. 25. Oliver, E. A.: Lupus Erythematosus, Sarcoid , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 12:151 ( (July) ) 1925. 26. Fordyce, J. A.: Lupus Erythematosus with Nodular Lesions Suggesting Sarcoid , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 11:852 ( (June) ) 1925. 27. Caro, M.: Sarcoid (Spiegler-Fendt Type) , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 22:1086 ( (Dec.) ) 1930. 28. Michelson, H. E.: A Case for Diagnosis (Subcutaneous Sarcoid?) , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 22:530 ( (Sept.) ) 1930. 29. Pawlow, S. T., and Makarjin, A. A.: Zur Frage von tumorartigen Formen des Lupus erythematodes , Dermat. Ztschr. 59:111 ( (Aug.) ) 1930. 30. Traub, E. F.: A Case for Diagnosis (Sarcoid? Lupus Erythematosus Profundus?) , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 34:538 ( (Sept.) ) 1936. 31. Chargin, L.: Lupus Erythematosus of the Face and Boeck's Sarcoid of the Arms , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 36:458 ( (Aug.) ) 1937. 32. Chargin, L., and Wolf, C.: Lupus Erythematosus of Face and Boeck's Sarcoid of the Arms , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 40:499 ( (Sept.) ) 1939. 33. Pautrier, L.-M.: A propos du pseudo-lupus érythémateux profond (Kaposi-Irgang) , Ann. dermat. et syph. 80:233 ( (May) -June) 1953. 34. Lever, W. F., and Freiman, D. G.: Sarcoidosis , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 57:639 ( (April) ) 1948. 35. Pautrier, L.-M.: A Propos de la note de M. Irgang sur le lupus érythémateux profond , Ann. dermat. et syph. 81:249 ( (May) -June) 1954. 36. Irgang, S.: A Propos du lupus érythémateux profond , Ann. dermat. et syph. 81:246 ( (May) -June) 1954. 37. Darier, J., and Roussy, G.: Des Sarcoïdes sous-cutanées , Arch. méd. expér. et anat. path. 18:1, 1906. 38. De Graciansky, P., and Boulle, S.: Atlas de dermatologie , Vol. 1, Paris, Norbert Maloine, 1953. 39. Harvey, A. M.; Shulman, L. E.; Tumulty, P. A.; Conley, C. L., and Schoenrich, E. H.: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Review of the Literature and Clinical Analysis of 138 Cases , Medicine 33:291 ( (Dec.) ) 1954. 40. Bennett, G. A.; Zeller, J. W., and Bauer, W.: Subcutaneous Nodules of Rheumatoid Arthritis and Rheumatic Fever: A Pathological Study , Arch. Path. 30:70 ( (July) ) 1940. 41. Bechet, P. E.: Lupus Erythematosus Hypertrophicus et Profundus: A Further Attempt to Elucidate Its Status , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 61:495 ( (March) ) 1950. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Dermatology American Medical Association

Lupus Erythematosus Profundus: Commentary and Report of Four More Cases

A.M.A. Archives of Dermatology , Volume 73 (1) – Jan 1, 1956

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1956 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-5359
DOI
10.1001/archderm.1956.01550010017002
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Abstract

Abstract Kingsbury, in 1918, presented before the New York Dermatological Society a young woman with old favus scars in the scalp, discoid lupus erythematosus of the cheek, and subcutaneous nodules on one arm, of about a year's duration.1 Wise, in the discussion on Kingsbury's case, remarked that it was the third time in a year he had encountered lupus erythematosus in combination with sarcoid. MacKee said he had seen nodules occur with lupus erythematosus before, but that they were ordinarily edematous and transitory. There was no histologic confirmation of the clinical diagnosis of sarcoid, and it seems probable that this was the first published American observation of what has since been called (by Irgang,2 by me,3 by Costa and Junqueira,4 and by Ramos e Silva and Portugal5) lupus erythematosus profundus. LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS AND SARCOID The occurrence of subcutaneous nodules and plaques in References 1. References 6 through 9. 2. Stokes, J. H., in discussion on Schildkraut, J. M.: Lupus Erythematosus , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 32:693 ( (Oct.) ) 1935. 3. References 13 and 14. 4. Kohn (Kaposi), M.: Zum Wesen und zur Therapie des Lupus erythematosus , Arch. Dermat. u. Syph. 1:18, 1869 5. Kingsbury, J.: Sarcoid and Favus , J. Cutan. Dis. 36:533 ( (Nov.) ) 1918. 6. Irgang, S.: Lupus Erythematosus Profundus , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 42:97 ( (July) ) 1940. 7. Arnold, H. L., Jr.: Lupus Erythematosus Profundus (Kaposi-Irgang): Historical Review and Report of a Case , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 57:196 ( (Feb.) ) 1948. 8. Costa, O. G., and Junqueria, M. A.: Lupus érythémateux profond (Kaposi-Irgang): Probablement le premier cas enregistré en Amérique du Sud , Ann. dermat. et syph. 79:535 ( (Sept.) -Oct.) 1952. 9. Ramos e Silva, J., and Portugal, H.: Cas de lupus érythémateux profond , Ann. dermat. et syph. , to be published. 10. Wise, F. (for Fordyce, J. A.): Lupus Erythematosus with Nodular Lesions , J. Cutan. Dis. 36:229 ( (April) ) 1918. 11. Kingsbury, J.: Sarcoid , J. Cutan. Dis. 36:458 ( (Sept.) ) 1918. 12. Wise, F. (for Fordyce, J. A.): Lupus Erythematosus (Nodular Type) , J. Cutan. Dis. 36:585 ( (Dec.) ) 1918. 13. Trimble, W. B.: Case for Diagnosis (Sarcoid or LE) , J. Cutan. Dis. 36:592 ( (Dec.) ) 1918. 14. Grund, J. L.: Chronic Lupus Erythematosus: Report of an Unusual Case with Concomitant Subcutaneous Edematous Swellings; Historical Review , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 61:20 ( (Jan.) ) 1950. 15. Stokes, J. H.: Transition Sarcoid: Lupus Erythematosus vs. Sarcoid vs. Angiolupoid , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 32:694 ( (Oct.) ) 1935. 16. Stokes, J. H.; Beerman, H., and Ingraham. N. R., Jr.: Modern Clinical Syphilology , Ed. 3, Philadelphia and London, W. B. Saunders Company, 1944, p. 727. 17. Montgomery, H.: Pathology of Lupus Erythematosus , J. Invest. Dermat. 2:343 ( (Dec.) ) 1939. 18. Goeckerman, W. H., and Montgomery, H.: Lupus Erythematosus: An Evaluation of Histologic Examinations , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 25:304 ( (Feb.) ) 1932. 19. Gougerot, H., and Burnier, R.: Lupus érythémateux tumidus , Bull. Soc. franç. dermat. et syph. 38:195, 1931. 20. Bechet, P.: Lupus Erythematosus Hypertrophicus et Profundus , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 45:33 ( (Jan.) ) 1942. 21. Pautrier, L. -M.: Lupus erythematosus , in Nouvelle Pratique Dermatologique , edited by J. Darier and others, Paris, Masson & Cie, 1936, Vol. 3, p. 747. 22. Kaposi, M.: Pathologie und Therapie der Hautkrankheiten , Ed. 2, Vienna, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1883, p. 642. 23. Kren, O.: Lupus erythematosus , Arch. Dermat. u. Syph. 112:391, 1912. 24. Oppenheim, M.: Lupus erythematosus profundus , Arch. Dermat. u. Syph. 115:847, 1913. 25. Oliver, E. A.: Lupus Erythematosus, Sarcoid , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 12:151 ( (July) ) 1925. 26. Fordyce, J. A.: Lupus Erythematosus with Nodular Lesions Suggesting Sarcoid , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 11:852 ( (June) ) 1925. 27. Caro, M.: Sarcoid (Spiegler-Fendt Type) , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 22:1086 ( (Dec.) ) 1930. 28. Michelson, H. E.: A Case for Diagnosis (Subcutaneous Sarcoid?) , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 22:530 ( (Sept.) ) 1930. 29. Pawlow, S. T., and Makarjin, A. A.: Zur Frage von tumorartigen Formen des Lupus erythematodes , Dermat. Ztschr. 59:111 ( (Aug.) ) 1930. 30. Traub, E. F.: A Case for Diagnosis (Sarcoid? Lupus Erythematosus Profundus?) , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 34:538 ( (Sept.) ) 1936. 31. Chargin, L.: Lupus Erythematosus of the Face and Boeck's Sarcoid of the Arms , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 36:458 ( (Aug.) ) 1937. 32. Chargin, L., and Wolf, C.: Lupus Erythematosus of Face and Boeck's Sarcoid of the Arms , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 40:499 ( (Sept.) ) 1939. 33. Pautrier, L.-M.: A propos du pseudo-lupus érythémateux profond (Kaposi-Irgang) , Ann. dermat. et syph. 80:233 ( (May) -June) 1953. 34. Lever, W. F., and Freiman, D. G.: Sarcoidosis , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 57:639 ( (April) ) 1948. 35. Pautrier, L.-M.: A Propos de la note de M. Irgang sur le lupus érythémateux profond , Ann. dermat. et syph. 81:249 ( (May) -June) 1954. 36. Irgang, S.: A Propos du lupus érythémateux profond , Ann. dermat. et syph. 81:246 ( (May) -June) 1954. 37. Darier, J., and Roussy, G.: Des Sarcoïdes sous-cutanées , Arch. méd. expér. et anat. path. 18:1, 1906. 38. De Graciansky, P., and Boulle, S.: Atlas de dermatologie , Vol. 1, Paris, Norbert Maloine, 1953. 39. Harvey, A. M.; Shulman, L. E.; Tumulty, P. A.; Conley, C. L., and Schoenrich, E. H.: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Review of the Literature and Clinical Analysis of 138 Cases , Medicine 33:291 ( (Dec.) ) 1954. 40. Bennett, G. A.; Zeller, J. W., and Bauer, W.: Subcutaneous Nodules of Rheumatoid Arthritis and Rheumatic Fever: A Pathological Study , Arch. Path. 30:70 ( (July) ) 1940. 41. Bechet, P. E.: Lupus Erythematosus Hypertrophicus et Profundus: A Further Attempt to Elucidate Its Status , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 61:495 ( (March) ) 1950.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of DermatologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jan 1, 1956

References