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Lung Cancer Mortality Associated With Smoking and Smoking Cessation Among People Living With HIV in the United States

Lung Cancer Mortality Associated With Smoking and Smoking Cessation Among People Living With HIV... Key PointsQuestionWhat is the risk of lung cancer death by smoking exposure for a person living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)? FindingsIn this microsimulation model–based analysis, cumulative lung cancer mortality by age 80 years for men and women who entered HIV care in the United States at age 40 years and continued to smoke an average number of cigarettes daily was 23.0% and 20.9%, respectively; if they quit smoking, the respective risks decreased to 6.1% and 5.2%. Those who continued to smoke were 6 to 13 times more likely to die from lung cancer than from traditional AIDS-related causes. MeaningSmoking cessation should be a priority in the care of people living with HIV. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png JAMA Internal Medicine American Medical Association

Lung Cancer Mortality Associated With Smoking and Smoking Cessation Among People Living With HIV in the United States

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright 2017 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
2168-6106
eISSN
2168-6114
DOI
10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.4349
pmid
28975270
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Key PointsQuestionWhat is the risk of lung cancer death by smoking exposure for a person living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)? FindingsIn this microsimulation model–based analysis, cumulative lung cancer mortality by age 80 years for men and women who entered HIV care in the United States at age 40 years and continued to smoke an average number of cigarettes daily was 23.0% and 20.9%, respectively; if they quit smoking, the respective risks decreased to 6.1% and 5.2%. Those who continued to smoke were 6 to 13 times more likely to die from lung cancer than from traditional AIDS-related causes. MeaningSmoking cessation should be a priority in the care of people living with HIV.

Journal

JAMA Internal MedicineAmerican Medical Association

Published: Nov 18, 2017

References