Key PointsQuestionWhat is the risk of lung cancer death by smoking exposure for a person living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)? FindingsIn this microsimulation model–based analysis, cumulative lung cancer mortality by age 80 years for men and women who entered HIV care in the United States at age 40 years and continued to smoke an average number of cigarettes daily was 23.0% and 20.9%, respectively; if they quit smoking, the respective risks decreased to 6.1% and 5.2%. Those who continued to smoke were 6 to 13 times more likely to die from lung cancer than from traditional AIDS-related causes. MeaningSmoking cessation should be a priority in the care of people living with HIV.
JAMA Internal Medicine – American Medical Association
Published: Nov 18, 2017
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