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LIGAMENT OF LOCKWOOD IN RELATION TO SURGERY OF THE INFERIOR OBLIQUE AND INFERIOR RECTUS MUSCLES

LIGAMENT OF LOCKWOOD IN RELATION TO SURGERY OF THE INFERIOR OBLIQUE AND INFERIOR RECTUS MUSCLES Abstract AN ANATOMIC study of the suspensory ligament of the eye, (ligament of Lockwood) based on a series of dissections, is presented. Certain phases of the anatomic structure of the ligament which seem to be of importance in the management of abnormalities of the inferior oblique and inferior rectus muscles are presented. The suspensory ligament, as described by Lockwood, consists of a blending of the sheaths of the inferior oblique and inferior rectus muscles to form a special thickening of the fascial structure. The lateral expansion of this sheath extends upward laterally and medially to join the sheaths of the lateral and medial rectus muscles, thereby gaining indirect attachment to the orbital margin. There is thus formed a continuous band about 0.1 inch (0.25 mm.) thick beneath the globe, which supports it like a hammock. Generally speaking, the ligament is thought of as a ``suspensory hammock" which functions as a support References 1. Motais, E.: Recherches sur l'anatomie humaine et l'anatomie comparée de l'appareil moteur de l'oeil , Arch. d'opht. 4:532-537, 1885. 2. Maddox, E. E.: Tests and Studies of Ocular Muscles , Bristol, J. Wright & Co., 1898, p. 32. 3. Duke-Elder, W. S.: Text-Book of Ophthalmology , St. Louis, C. V. Mosby Company, 1933, vol. 1, p. 181. 4. Whitnall, S. E.: Anatomy of the Human Orbit , New York, Oxford University Press, 1932, p. 297. 5. Fuchs, E.: Textbook of Ophthalmology , translated by A. Duane, ed. 7, Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Company, 1923, p. 58. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

LIGAMENT OF LOCKWOOD IN RELATION TO SURGERY OF THE INFERIOR OBLIQUE AND INFERIOR RECTUS MUSCLES

Archives of Ophthalmology , Volume 39 (3) – Mar 1, 1948

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1948 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1948.00900020378011
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract AN ANATOMIC study of the suspensory ligament of the eye, (ligament of Lockwood) based on a series of dissections, is presented. Certain phases of the anatomic structure of the ligament which seem to be of importance in the management of abnormalities of the inferior oblique and inferior rectus muscles are presented. The suspensory ligament, as described by Lockwood, consists of a blending of the sheaths of the inferior oblique and inferior rectus muscles to form a special thickening of the fascial structure. The lateral expansion of this sheath extends upward laterally and medially to join the sheaths of the lateral and medial rectus muscles, thereby gaining indirect attachment to the orbital margin. There is thus formed a continuous band about 0.1 inch (0.25 mm.) thick beneath the globe, which supports it like a hammock. Generally speaking, the ligament is thought of as a ``suspensory hammock" which functions as a support References 1. Motais, E.: Recherches sur l'anatomie humaine et l'anatomie comparée de l'appareil moteur de l'oeil , Arch. d'opht. 4:532-537, 1885. 2. Maddox, E. E.: Tests and Studies of Ocular Muscles , Bristol, J. Wright & Co., 1898, p. 32. 3. Duke-Elder, W. S.: Text-Book of Ophthalmology , St. Louis, C. V. Mosby Company, 1933, vol. 1, p. 181. 4. Whitnall, S. E.: Anatomy of the Human Orbit , New York, Oxford University Press, 1932, p. 297. 5. Fuchs, E.: Textbook of Ophthalmology , translated by A. Duane, ed. 7, Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Company, 1923, p. 58.

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Mar 1, 1948

References