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Large Vascular Malformations of the Brain Not Visualized by Serial Angiography

Large Vascular Malformations of the Brain Not Visualized by Serial Angiography Abstract IIT IS GENERALLY accepted that large symptomatic intracranial vascular malformations can be definitively demonstrated by angiography. Olivecrona and Riives1 in 1948 stated: "Arteriograms, of course, always disclose the presence of an arteriovenous aneurysm" and pool,2 in 1962, similarly stated: "Arteriography is, of course, the key test for the diagnosis of an arteriovenous malformation." Small vascular malformations which have not been demonstrated angiographically have been found at operation or autopsy in the walls of intracranial hematoma.3-6 These have ranged in size from malformations found only in microscopic examinations to those just visible to the naked eye and at the limits of x-ray resolution. Partial destruction of the malformation, occurring at the time of hemorrhage and hematoma formation, has been invoked as the cause of lack of visualization of these smaller malformations. Five cases have been reported of large vascular malformations which theoretically should have shown on arteriography References 1. Olivecrona, H., and Riives, J.: Arteriovenous Aneurysms of the Brain , Arch Neurol Psychiat 59:567-602, 1948.Crossref 2. Pool, J.L.: Treatment of Arteriovenous Malformations of the Cerebral Hemispheres , J Neurosurg 19:136-141, 1962.Crossref 3. Crawford, J.V., and Russell, D.S.: Cryptic Arteriovenous and Venous Hamartomas of the Brain , J Neurol Neurosurg 19:1-11, 1956.Crossref 4. Gerlach, J., and Jensen, H.-P.: Zur Klinik der kapillaren intracerebralen Angiome , Aerztliche Wschr 13:977-988, 1958. 5. Paillas, J.E., et al: Révélations cliniques et classification angiographique de 74 angiomes artério-veineux (A.A.V.) du cerveau , Marseille Med 99:293-300, 1962. 6. Jensen, H.P.; Brumlik, J.; and Boshes, B.: The Application of Serial Angiography to Diagnosis of the Smallest Cerebral Angiomatous Malformations , J Nerv Ment Dis 136:1-14, 1963.Crossref 7. Furtado, D.; Marques, V.; and de Carvalho, O.: Angiome caverneux du cerveau , Acta Neurol Belg 51:343-356, 1951. 8. Hook, O., and Johanson, C.: Intracranial Arteriovenous Aneurysms , Arch Neurol Psychiat 80:39-54, 1958.Crossref 9. Paterson, J.H., and McKissock, W.: A Clinical Survey of Intracranial Angiomas With Special Reference to Their Mode of Progression and Surgical Treatment: A Report of 110 Cases , Brain 79:233-266, 1956.Crossref 10. Schneider, R.C., and Liss, L.: Cavernous Hemangiomas of the Cerebral Hemispheres , J Neurosurg 15:392-399, 1958.Crossref 11. Castaigne, P., et al: Angiome thrombose, radiologiquement exclu , Bull Soc Med Hop Paris 77:923-930, 1961. 12. Pluvinage, R.: Malformations et tumeurs vasculaires du derveau , Paris: Masson & Cie, 1954, pp 323. 13. Walton, J.N.: Subarachnoid Haemorrhage , Edinburgh, Scotland: E. & S. Livingstone, 1956, pp 350. 14. Wolf, G.: Das Syndrom der Subarachnoidealblutung, die intrakraniellen Aneurysmen und Angiome, sowie die Hämatome und Gefässerkrankungen im Bereich der harten Hirnhaut , Fortschr Neurol Psychiat 28:363-418, 1960. 15. Curtis, J.B.: Rapid Serial Angiography: Preliminary Report , J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 12:167-181, 1949.Crossref 16. Sweasey Powers, W.J.: Ein Fall von Angioma cavernosum des Gehirns , Z ges Neurol Psychiat 16:487-496, 1913.Crossref 17. Cushing, H., and Bailey, P.: Tumors Arising From the Blood Vessels of the Brain: Angiomatous Malformations and Hemangioblastomas , Springfield, Ill: Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1928, pp 219. 18. Noran, H.H.: Intracranial Vascular Tumors and Malformations , Arch Path 39:393-416, 1945. 19. Louis-Bar, D.: Sur les semiologie et anatomie pathologique de l'angiomatose caverneuse et telangiectasique des centres nerveux , Mschr Psychiat Neurol 111:225-272, 1946.Crossref 20. Norlen, G.: Arteriovenous Aneurysms of the Brain , J Neurosurg 6:475-494, 1949.Crossref 21. Raskin, N.: Angiomatous Malformations of the Brain , J Neuropath Exp Neurol 8:326-337. 1949.Crossref 22. Manuelidis, E.E.: Über Hämangiome des Gehirns , Arch Psychiat Nervenkr 184:601-645, 1950.Crossref 23. Olivecrona, H., and Ladenheim, J.: Congenital Arteriovenous Aneurysms of the Carotid and Vertebral Arterial Systems , Berlin: Springer Verlag OHG, 1957, pp 91. 24. Reid, M.R.: Abnormal Arteriovenous Communications, Acquired and Congenital. II. The Origin and Nature of Arteriovenous Aneurysms, Cirsoid Aneurysms, and Simple Angiomas , Arch Surg 10:996-1009, 1925.Crossref 25. Dandy, W.E.: Venous Abnormalities and Angiomas of the Brain , Arch Surg 17:715-793, 1928.Crossref 26. van Bogaert, L.: Pathologie des angiomatoses , Acta Neurol Belg 50:527-610, 1950. 27. Olivecrona, H.: Die arteriovenösen Aneurysmen der Carotis und Vertebralisgebiete , Deutsch Z Nervenheilk 176:263-280, 1957. 28. Hamby, W.B.: The Pathology of Supratentorial Angiomas , J Neurosurg 15:65-75, 1958.Crossref 29. Bailey, O.T.: The Vascular Component of Congenital Malformations in the Central Nervous System , J Neuropath Exp Neurol 20:170-184, 1961.Crossref 30. Mackenzie, I.: The Clinical Presentation of the Cerebral Angioma , Brain 76:184-214, 1953.Crossref 31. Tonnis, W.; Schiefer, W.; and Walter, W.: Signs and Symptoms of Supratentorial Arteriovenous Aneurysms , J Neurosurg 15:471-480, 1958.Crossref 32. Fekas, L.; Gerstenbrand, F.; and Klausberger, E.M.: Arteriovenöses Aneurysma mit Hirnatrophie , Wien Med Wschr 109:61-63, 1959. 33. McRae, D.L., and Valentino, V.: Pneumographic Findings in Angiomata of the Brain , Acta Radiol 50:18-26, 1958.Crossref 34. Walsh, L.S.: Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Acta Radiol 46:321-332, 1956. 35. Sutton, D., and Trickey, S.E.: Subarachnoid Hemorrhage and Total Cerebral Angiography . Clin Radiol 13:297-303, 1962.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Neurology American Medical Association

Large Vascular Malformations of the Brain Not Visualized by Serial Angiography

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1965 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9942
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archneur.1965.00470040079013
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Abstract

Abstract IIT IS GENERALLY accepted that large symptomatic intracranial vascular malformations can be definitively demonstrated by angiography. Olivecrona and Riives1 in 1948 stated: "Arteriograms, of course, always disclose the presence of an arteriovenous aneurysm" and pool,2 in 1962, similarly stated: "Arteriography is, of course, the key test for the diagnosis of an arteriovenous malformation." Small vascular malformations which have not been demonstrated angiographically have been found at operation or autopsy in the walls of intracranial hematoma.3-6 These have ranged in size from malformations found only in microscopic examinations to those just visible to the naked eye and at the limits of x-ray resolution. Partial destruction of the malformation, occurring at the time of hemorrhage and hematoma formation, has been invoked as the cause of lack of visualization of these smaller malformations. Five cases have been reported of large vascular malformations which theoretically should have shown on arteriography References 1. Olivecrona, H., and Riives, J.: Arteriovenous Aneurysms of the Brain , Arch Neurol Psychiat 59:567-602, 1948.Crossref 2. Pool, J.L.: Treatment of Arteriovenous Malformations of the Cerebral Hemispheres , J Neurosurg 19:136-141, 1962.Crossref 3. Crawford, J.V., and Russell, D.S.: Cryptic Arteriovenous and Venous Hamartomas of the Brain , J Neurol Neurosurg 19:1-11, 1956.Crossref 4. Gerlach, J., and Jensen, H.-P.: Zur Klinik der kapillaren intracerebralen Angiome , Aerztliche Wschr 13:977-988, 1958. 5. Paillas, J.E., et al: Révélations cliniques et classification angiographique de 74 angiomes artério-veineux (A.A.V.) du cerveau , Marseille Med 99:293-300, 1962. 6. Jensen, H.P.; Brumlik, J.; and Boshes, B.: The Application of Serial Angiography to Diagnosis of the Smallest Cerebral Angiomatous Malformations , J Nerv Ment Dis 136:1-14, 1963.Crossref 7. Furtado, D.; Marques, V.; and de Carvalho, O.: Angiome caverneux du cerveau , Acta Neurol Belg 51:343-356, 1951. 8. Hook, O., and Johanson, C.: Intracranial Arteriovenous Aneurysms , Arch Neurol Psychiat 80:39-54, 1958.Crossref 9. Paterson, J.H., and McKissock, W.: A Clinical Survey of Intracranial Angiomas With Special Reference to Their Mode of Progression and Surgical Treatment: A Report of 110 Cases , Brain 79:233-266, 1956.Crossref 10. Schneider, R.C., and Liss, L.: Cavernous Hemangiomas of the Cerebral Hemispheres , J Neurosurg 15:392-399, 1958.Crossref 11. Castaigne, P., et al: Angiome thrombose, radiologiquement exclu , Bull Soc Med Hop Paris 77:923-930, 1961. 12. Pluvinage, R.: Malformations et tumeurs vasculaires du derveau , Paris: Masson & Cie, 1954, pp 323. 13. Walton, J.N.: Subarachnoid Haemorrhage , Edinburgh, Scotland: E. & S. Livingstone, 1956, pp 350. 14. Wolf, G.: Das Syndrom der Subarachnoidealblutung, die intrakraniellen Aneurysmen und Angiome, sowie die Hämatome und Gefässerkrankungen im Bereich der harten Hirnhaut , Fortschr Neurol Psychiat 28:363-418, 1960. 15. Curtis, J.B.: Rapid Serial Angiography: Preliminary Report , J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 12:167-181, 1949.Crossref 16. Sweasey Powers, W.J.: Ein Fall von Angioma cavernosum des Gehirns , Z ges Neurol Psychiat 16:487-496, 1913.Crossref 17. Cushing, H., and Bailey, P.: Tumors Arising From the Blood Vessels of the Brain: Angiomatous Malformations and Hemangioblastomas , Springfield, Ill: Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1928, pp 219. 18. Noran, H.H.: Intracranial Vascular Tumors and Malformations , Arch Path 39:393-416, 1945. 19. Louis-Bar, D.: Sur les semiologie et anatomie pathologique de l'angiomatose caverneuse et telangiectasique des centres nerveux , Mschr Psychiat Neurol 111:225-272, 1946.Crossref 20. Norlen, G.: Arteriovenous Aneurysms of the Brain , J Neurosurg 6:475-494, 1949.Crossref 21. Raskin, N.: Angiomatous Malformations of the Brain , J Neuropath Exp Neurol 8:326-337. 1949.Crossref 22. Manuelidis, E.E.: Über Hämangiome des Gehirns , Arch Psychiat Nervenkr 184:601-645, 1950.Crossref 23. Olivecrona, H., and Ladenheim, J.: Congenital Arteriovenous Aneurysms of the Carotid and Vertebral Arterial Systems , Berlin: Springer Verlag OHG, 1957, pp 91. 24. Reid, M.R.: Abnormal Arteriovenous Communications, Acquired and Congenital. II. The Origin and Nature of Arteriovenous Aneurysms, Cirsoid Aneurysms, and Simple Angiomas , Arch Surg 10:996-1009, 1925.Crossref 25. Dandy, W.E.: Venous Abnormalities and Angiomas of the Brain , Arch Surg 17:715-793, 1928.Crossref 26. van Bogaert, L.: Pathologie des angiomatoses , Acta Neurol Belg 50:527-610, 1950. 27. Olivecrona, H.: Die arteriovenösen Aneurysmen der Carotis und Vertebralisgebiete , Deutsch Z Nervenheilk 176:263-280, 1957. 28. Hamby, W.B.: The Pathology of Supratentorial Angiomas , J Neurosurg 15:65-75, 1958.Crossref 29. Bailey, O.T.: The Vascular Component of Congenital Malformations in the Central Nervous System , J Neuropath Exp Neurol 20:170-184, 1961.Crossref 30. Mackenzie, I.: The Clinical Presentation of the Cerebral Angioma , Brain 76:184-214, 1953.Crossref 31. Tonnis, W.; Schiefer, W.; and Walter, W.: Signs and Symptoms of Supratentorial Arteriovenous Aneurysms , J Neurosurg 15:471-480, 1958.Crossref 32. Fekas, L.; Gerstenbrand, F.; and Klausberger, E.M.: Arteriovenöses Aneurysma mit Hirnatrophie , Wien Med Wschr 109:61-63, 1959. 33. McRae, D.L., and Valentino, V.: Pneumographic Findings in Angiomata of the Brain , Acta Radiol 50:18-26, 1958.Crossref 34. Walsh, L.S.: Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Acta Radiol 46:321-332, 1956. 35. Sutton, D., and Trickey, S.E.: Subarachnoid Hemorrhage and Total Cerebral Angiography . Clin Radiol 13:297-303, 1962.Crossref

Journal

Archives of NeurologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Oct 1, 1965

References