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Korner's (Petrosquamous) Septum in Otology: Report of Five Cases

Korner's (Petrosquamous) Septum in Otology: Report of Five Cases Abstract Five cases of mastoid surgery in which Korner's septum was identified have been presented. Identification of this structure insured complete exenteration of the mastoid and thus reduced the tendency of recurrent mastoid disease. The clinical significance of the duality of the antrum and the mastoid process in its relationship to disease of the middle ear and mastoid is clarified by an understanding of Korner's septum. The relationship of the parts of the temporal bone in an infant and adult skull and the process of pneumatization of the mastoid portion of the temporal bone have been reviewed. A thorough knowledge of the surgical anatomy of the temporal bone is the key for satisfactory mastoid and middle ear surgery. References 1. Cheattle AH: The Surgical Anatomy of the Temporal Bone . London, J & A Churchill Ltd, 1907. 2. Korner O: Das septum Petro Squamosum (mastoideum) und seine klinische Bedeutung . Arch Ohr Nas Kehlkopfheilk 17:137, 1926-1927. 3. Meltzer PE: The mastoid cells: Their arrangement in relation to the sigmoid portion of the transverse sinus . Arch Otolaryng 19:326-335, 1934.Crossref 4. Batson OV: Applied anatomy of the temporal bone , in Schenck HP (ed): Otolaryngology . Hagerstown, Md, WF Prior Co Inc, 1960, pp 4-5. 5. Kopetzyky SJ: Surgery of the Ear . Camden, NJ, Thomas Nelson & Sons, 1947, pp 127-135. 6. Eggston AA, Wolff D: Histopathology of the Ear, Nose and Throat . Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins Co, 1947, pp 103-104. 7. Wolff D, Bellucci RJ, Eggston AA: Microscopic Anatomy of the Temporal Bone . Baltimore, Williams and Wilkins Co, 1957, pp 20, 21, 78, 79. 8. Lempert J: Lempert Institute of Otology, Temporal Bone Surgery Course, January 1960. 9. Williams H: Latent or dormant disease in the pneumatic cell tracts of the temporal bone . Trans Amer Acad Ophthal Otolaryng 70:545-558, 1966. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

Korner's (Petrosquamous) Septum in Otology: Report of Five Cases

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1972 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9977
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1972.00770090198006
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Five cases of mastoid surgery in which Korner's septum was identified have been presented. Identification of this structure insured complete exenteration of the mastoid and thus reduced the tendency of recurrent mastoid disease. The clinical significance of the duality of the antrum and the mastoid process in its relationship to disease of the middle ear and mastoid is clarified by an understanding of Korner's septum. The relationship of the parts of the temporal bone in an infant and adult skull and the process of pneumatization of the mastoid portion of the temporal bone have been reviewed. A thorough knowledge of the surgical anatomy of the temporal bone is the key for satisfactory mastoid and middle ear surgery. References 1. Cheattle AH: The Surgical Anatomy of the Temporal Bone . London, J & A Churchill Ltd, 1907. 2. Korner O: Das septum Petro Squamosum (mastoideum) und seine klinische Bedeutung . Arch Ohr Nas Kehlkopfheilk 17:137, 1926-1927. 3. Meltzer PE: The mastoid cells: Their arrangement in relation to the sigmoid portion of the transverse sinus . Arch Otolaryng 19:326-335, 1934.Crossref 4. Batson OV: Applied anatomy of the temporal bone , in Schenck HP (ed): Otolaryngology . Hagerstown, Md, WF Prior Co Inc, 1960, pp 4-5. 5. Kopetzyky SJ: Surgery of the Ear . Camden, NJ, Thomas Nelson & Sons, 1947, pp 127-135. 6. Eggston AA, Wolff D: Histopathology of the Ear, Nose and Throat . Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins Co, 1947, pp 103-104. 7. Wolff D, Bellucci RJ, Eggston AA: Microscopic Anatomy of the Temporal Bone . Baltimore, Williams and Wilkins Co, 1957, pp 20, 21, 78, 79. 8. Lempert J: Lempert Institute of Otology, Temporal Bone Surgery Course, January 1960. 9. Williams H: Latent or dormant disease in the pneumatic cell tracts of the temporal bone . Trans Amer Acad Ophthal Otolaryng 70:545-558, 1966.

Journal

Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Aug 1, 1972

References