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Klinische Untersuchungen über motorische Erscheinungen bei Psychosen und organischen Hirnkrankheiten.

Klinische Untersuchungen über motorische Erscheinungen bei Psychosen und organischen... This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables. Abstract The author of this monograph is a student of Kleist and attempts to apply Kleist's terminology to clinical syndromes. Kleist, in his "Gehirnpathologie," listed a hierarchic arrangement of psychomotor phenomena, the scale ranging from the purely reflex decerebrate rigidity through the "myotatic reaction" to the psychokinetic and catatonic manifestations. The myotatic reaction is analogous to paralysis agitans; it is largely of a reflex character, but is occasionally accessible to "psychic" influences (paradoxic kinesis of the patient with paralysis agitans). The psychokinetic reactions are farther from the reflex and closer to the "psychic" sphere. Finally, the catatonic reaction is hardly reflex at all. In his attempt to explain clinical phenomena by means of this fourfold terminology, the author is obliged to balance closely to avoid stumbling over the pitfalls of his overlapping and interlocking designations. The terms as such are known from Kleist's "Gehirnpathologie": the magnet reaction; the associative performance (Mitmachen http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry American Medical Association

Klinische Untersuchungen über motorische Erscheinungen bei Psychosen und organischen Hirnkrankheiten.

Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry , Volume 41 (5) – May 1, 1939

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1939 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6754
DOI
10.1001/archneurpsyc.1939.02270170223018
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables. Abstract The author of this monograph is a student of Kleist and attempts to apply Kleist's terminology to clinical syndromes. Kleist, in his "Gehirnpathologie," listed a hierarchic arrangement of psychomotor phenomena, the scale ranging from the purely reflex decerebrate rigidity through the "myotatic reaction" to the psychokinetic and catatonic manifestations. The myotatic reaction is analogous to paralysis agitans; it is largely of a reflex character, but is occasionally accessible to "psychic" influences (paradoxic kinesis of the patient with paralysis agitans). The psychokinetic reactions are farther from the reflex and closer to the "psychic" sphere. Finally, the catatonic reaction is hardly reflex at all. In his attempt to explain clinical phenomena by means of this fourfold terminology, the author is obliged to balance closely to avoid stumbling over the pitfalls of his overlapping and interlocking designations. The terms as such are known from Kleist's "Gehirnpathologie": the magnet reaction; the associative performance (Mitmachen

Journal

Archives of Neurology & PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: May 1, 1939

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