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Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption

Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption Abstract In the present communication, two cases of Kaposi's varicelliform eruption occurring in adults will be described. The first ended fatally, and specialized animal laboratory studies or autopsy findings were nonobtainable. From the second case a viral agent from the cutaneous lesions was isolated. Detailed comparative studies of the isolated virus with that of vaccinia are recorded. A review of the literature reveals a diversity of opinion as to the etiological agent in Kaposi's varicelliform eruption. The available evidence indicates that the condition may be provoked by at least two viruses, either vaccinia or herpes simplex, the latter bring most frequently encountered. It has also been suggested by some workers that other viruses may be responsible for a clinically similar condition,1-4 but proof of this is still lacking. That the condition may be caused by the virus of herpes simplex has been conclusively demonstrated by a References 1. Hershey, F. B., and Smith, W. E.: Generalized Vaccinia in an Eczematous Child , Am. J. Dis. Child. 69:33, 1945.Crossref 2. Hall, A. F.: Varicelliform Eruption of Kaposi , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 56:400, 1947. 3. Anderson, T.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Dermatosis: A Virus Pyodermia , Brit. J. Dermat. 61:157, 1949. 4. Leverton, J. C. S., and Whitlock, F. A.: A Fatal Case of Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption , Brit. J. Dermat. 61:170, 1949. 5. Barton, R. L., and Brunsting, L. A.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption: Review of the Literature and Report of 2 Cases of Its Occurrence in Adults , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 50:99, 1944. 6. Blattner, R. J.; Heys, F. M., and Harrison, M. L. K.: Etiology of Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption , J. Pediat. 27:207, 1945. 7. Jaquette, W. A., Jr.; Convey, J. H., and Pillsbury, D. M.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption: Studies On Etiology , Am. J. Dis. Child. 71:45, 1946. 8. Barker, L. P., and Hallinger, E. S., Jr.: Systemic Herpes Simplex (Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption) , J. A. M. A. 135:149, 1947. 9. Ruchman, I.; Welsh, A. L., and Dodd, K.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption: Isolation of the Virus of Herpes Simplex from the Cutaneous Lesions of 3 Adults and 1 Infant , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 56:846, 1947. 10. Kipping, R. H., and Downie, A. W.: Generalized Infection with the Virus of Herpes Simplex , Brit. M. J. 1:247, 1948. 11. Brain, R. T.; Dudgeon, J. A., and Philpott, M. G.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption , Brit. J. Dermat. 62:203, 1950. 12. Miller, O. B.; Arbesman, C., and Baer, R. L.: Disseminated Cutaneous Herpes Simplex (Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption) , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 62:477, 1950. 13. Barrow, G. I.: The Herpes Simplex Virus in Infantile Eczema , Brit. M. J. 1:482, 1954. 14. Freund, H. (1934), cited by Ruchman, et al.9 15. Wollnitza, E. (1938), cited by Hershey and Smith.1 16. Whittle, C. H.; Lyell, A.; Miles, J. A. R., and Stoker, M. G. P.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption, with Virus Studies . Brit. J. Dermat. 62:195, 1950. 17. Ellis, F. A.: Eczema Vaccinatum: Its Relation to Generalized Vaccinia , J. A. M. A. 104:1891, 1935. 18. Pepple, A. W.; Murrell, T. W., and Fowlkes, R. W.: The Varicelliform Eruption of Kaposi , South. M. J. 35:667, 1942. 19. Ronchese, F.: Dermatitis Vaccinia (Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption) , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 47:613, 1943. 20. McKenzie, R.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Dermatitis , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 36:235, 1942. 21. Burnet, F. M.; Keogh, E. V., and Lush, D.: The Immunological Reactions of the Filterable Viruses , Australian J. Exper. Biol. & Med. Sc. ( (Supp.) ) 15:231, 1937. 22. Smadel, J. E., in Viral and Rickettsial Infections of Man , edited by T. M. Rivers, Ed. 2, Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Company, 1952, p. 422. 23. Gutstein, M.: New Direct Staining Method for Elementary Bodies , J. Path. & Bact. 45:313, 1937. 24. Gordon, M.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption, Correspondence , Brit. J. Dermat. 48:524, 1936.Crossref 25. Fries, J. H., and Borne, S.: Vaccinia Infection in Children with Atopic Dermatitis , J. Allergy 20:222, 1949.Crossref 26. Ross, R. A. (1940), cited by Hershey and Smith.1 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Dermatology American Medical Association

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1957 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-5359
DOI
10.1001/archderm.1957.01550150045004
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Abstract

Abstract In the present communication, two cases of Kaposi's varicelliform eruption occurring in adults will be described. The first ended fatally, and specialized animal laboratory studies or autopsy findings were nonobtainable. From the second case a viral agent from the cutaneous lesions was isolated. Detailed comparative studies of the isolated virus with that of vaccinia are recorded. A review of the literature reveals a diversity of opinion as to the etiological agent in Kaposi's varicelliform eruption. The available evidence indicates that the condition may be provoked by at least two viruses, either vaccinia or herpes simplex, the latter bring most frequently encountered. It has also been suggested by some workers that other viruses may be responsible for a clinically similar condition,1-4 but proof of this is still lacking. That the condition may be caused by the virus of herpes simplex has been conclusively demonstrated by a References 1. Hershey, F. B., and Smith, W. E.: Generalized Vaccinia in an Eczematous Child , Am. J. Dis. Child. 69:33, 1945.Crossref 2. Hall, A. F.: Varicelliform Eruption of Kaposi , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 56:400, 1947. 3. Anderson, T.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Dermatosis: A Virus Pyodermia , Brit. J. Dermat. 61:157, 1949. 4. Leverton, J. C. S., and Whitlock, F. A.: A Fatal Case of Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption , Brit. J. Dermat. 61:170, 1949. 5. Barton, R. L., and Brunsting, L. A.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption: Review of the Literature and Report of 2 Cases of Its Occurrence in Adults , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 50:99, 1944. 6. Blattner, R. J.; Heys, F. M., and Harrison, M. L. K.: Etiology of Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption , J. Pediat. 27:207, 1945. 7. Jaquette, W. A., Jr.; Convey, J. H., and Pillsbury, D. M.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption: Studies On Etiology , Am. J. Dis. Child. 71:45, 1946. 8. Barker, L. P., and Hallinger, E. S., Jr.: Systemic Herpes Simplex (Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption) , J. A. M. A. 135:149, 1947. 9. Ruchman, I.; Welsh, A. L., and Dodd, K.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption: Isolation of the Virus of Herpes Simplex from the Cutaneous Lesions of 3 Adults and 1 Infant , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 56:846, 1947. 10. Kipping, R. H., and Downie, A. W.: Generalized Infection with the Virus of Herpes Simplex , Brit. M. J. 1:247, 1948. 11. Brain, R. T.; Dudgeon, J. A., and Philpott, M. G.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption , Brit. J. Dermat. 62:203, 1950. 12. Miller, O. B.; Arbesman, C., and Baer, R. L.: Disseminated Cutaneous Herpes Simplex (Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption) , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 62:477, 1950. 13. Barrow, G. I.: The Herpes Simplex Virus in Infantile Eczema , Brit. M. J. 1:482, 1954. 14. Freund, H. (1934), cited by Ruchman, et al.9 15. Wollnitza, E. (1938), cited by Hershey and Smith.1 16. Whittle, C. H.; Lyell, A.; Miles, J. A. R., and Stoker, M. G. P.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption, with Virus Studies . Brit. J. Dermat. 62:195, 1950. 17. Ellis, F. A.: Eczema Vaccinatum: Its Relation to Generalized Vaccinia , J. A. M. A. 104:1891, 1935. 18. Pepple, A. W.; Murrell, T. W., and Fowlkes, R. W.: The Varicelliform Eruption of Kaposi , South. M. J. 35:667, 1942. 19. Ronchese, F.: Dermatitis Vaccinia (Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption) , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 47:613, 1943. 20. McKenzie, R.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Dermatitis , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 36:235, 1942. 21. Burnet, F. M.; Keogh, E. V., and Lush, D.: The Immunological Reactions of the Filterable Viruses , Australian J. Exper. Biol. & Med. Sc. ( (Supp.) ) 15:231, 1937. 22. Smadel, J. E., in Viral and Rickettsial Infections of Man , edited by T. M. Rivers, Ed. 2, Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Company, 1952, p. 422. 23. Gutstein, M.: New Direct Staining Method for Elementary Bodies , J. Path. & Bact. 45:313, 1937. 24. Gordon, M.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption, Correspondence , Brit. J. Dermat. 48:524, 1936.Crossref 25. Fries, J. H., and Borne, S.: Vaccinia Infection in Children with Atopic Dermatitis , J. Allergy 20:222, 1949.Crossref 26. Ross, R. A. (1940), cited by Hershey and Smith.1

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of DermatologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Mar 1, 1957

References