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JAMA Surgery

JAMA Surgery Mission Statement: To promote the art and science of surgery by publishing relevant peer-reviewed clinical and basic science information to assist the surgeon in optimizing patient care. JAMA Surgery will also serve as a forum for the discussion of issues that involve ethics, teaching, surgical history, and socioeconomic concerns. Editor Melina R. Kibbe, MD Deputy Editors Adil H. Haider, MD, MPH, Boston, Massachusetts Timothy M. Pawlik, MD, MPH, MTS, PhD, Baltimore, Maryland Julie Ann Sosa, MD, MA, Durham, North Carolina Managing Editor Terri Carter Phone: (312) 464-4444 jamasurg@jamanetwork.org Section Editors Review Editor Gerard M. Doherty, MD, Boston, Massachusetts Surgical Innovation Editor Justin B. Dimick, MD, MPH, Ann Arbor, Michigan Web and Social Media Editor Amalia L. Cochran, MD, Salt Lake City, Utah Clinical Challenge and CME Editor Pamela A. Lipsett, MD, MHPE, Baltimore, Maryland Statistical Consultants Terry Hyslop, PhD, Durham, North Carolina Amy H. Kaji, MD, PhD, Torrance, California Alfred W. Rademaker, PhD, Chicago, Illinois Editorial Board Karl Y. Bilimoria, MD, MS, Chicago, Illinois Sally E. Carty, MD, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Danny Chu, MD, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Diana L. Farmer, MD, Sacramento, California James W. Fleshman Jr, MD, Dallas, Texas James C. Hebert, MD, Burlington, Vermont Jonathan R. Hiatt, MD, Los Angeles, California O. Joe Hines, MD, Los Angeles, California David C. Linehan, MD, Rochester, New York Eric K. Nakakura, MD, PhD, San Francisco, California Leigh A. Neumayer, MD, MS, Tucson, Arizona Martin G. Paul, MD, Washington, DC Gilbert R. Upchurch Jr, MD, Charlottesville, Virginia George C. Velmahos, MD, PhD, MSEd, Boston, Massachusetts Sherry M. Wren, MD, Palo Alto, California International Editorial Board Juan I. Arcelus, MD, PhD, Granada, Spain Kevin C. P. Conlon, MA, MCh, MBA, Dublin, Ireland Marco Del Chiaro, MD, PhD, Stockholm, Sweden Liane S. Feldman, MD, CM, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Alberto R. Ferreres, MD, PhD, JD, MPH, Buenos Aires, Argentina Simon Y. K. Law, MBBChir, MS, Hong Kong Dimitrios A. Linos, MD, PhD, Marousi, Greece Olle Ljungqvist, MD, PhD, Örebro, Sweden Chung-Mau Lo, MBBS, MS(HK), Hong Kong Avery B. Nathens, MD, MPH, PhD, Toronto, Ontario, Canada John A. Windsor, MD, Auckland, New Zealand Desmond C. Winter, MB, MD, Dublin, Ireland Manabu Yamamoto, MD, PhD, Tokyo, Japan Han-Kwang Yang, MD, PhD, Seoul, South Korea Cheng-Har Yip, MBBS, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Former Editors Dean Lewis, MD, 1920-1940 Waltman Walters, MD, 1941-1942; 1946-1961 Lester Dragstedt, MD, 1943-1945 J. Garrett Allen, MD, 1962-1969 Richard Warren, MD, 1970-1976 Arthur Baue, MD, 1977-1988 Claude H. Organ Jr, MD, 1989-2004 Julie Ann Freischlag, MD, 2005-2014 Publication Staff Offices: 330 N Wabash Ave, Chicago, IL 60611 Editor in Chief, The JAMA Network Howard Bauchner, MD Executive Editor Phil B. Fontanarosa, MD, MBA Executive Managing Editor Annette Flanagin Managing Editor Brenda Gregoline Editorial Processing Manuscript Editing Manager Tracy Frey Senior Manuscript Editor Shannon L. Sparenga Manuscript Editors Nicole E. Balin, Miriam Y. Cintron, Paul Ruich Freelance Manuscript Editing Manager Diane L. Cannon Freelance Manuscript Editing Coordinators Connie L. Manno, Fred Marshall Freelance Copy Editors and Copyreaders Laura Adamczyk, Catherine A. Alden, Stephanie Lang Beckmeyer, Jan Clavey, Mary Coerver-Connolly, Paula Glitman, Roya Khatiblou, Laura King, Donna J. Thordsen, Caroline Woods Editorial Assistant Wanda Hill Editorial Operations and Systems Directors Larry Bryant, Monica Mungle, Elaine Williams Managers and Staff Lenette Gardner-Gullens, Fanny L. Brown, Paul Frank, Peter K. Kim, Rachell Lozano, Michaela Mark, Kathryn Muskovich, Gale Saulsberry Scientific Online Resources Deputy Editor and Director Michael Berkwits, MD Director, Development and Design Michelle Kurzynski Staff Eric Butkus, Will English IV, Christopher Hastings, Craig McCaffrey, Reuben Rios Editorial Graphics Deputy Editor and Director Ronna Henry, MD Staff Joshua Bird, Karen Bucher, David Song Clinical Review & Education Deputy Editor Edward H. Livingston, MD CME Editor Thomas B. Cole, MD, MPH Administration Director Marla A. Hall Staff Deanna Willis, Yolanda Davis Editorial Counsel Joseph P. Thornton, JD Media Relations Staff Preeti Malani, MD, MSJ, Deanna Bellandi, Jim Michalski Periodical Publishing Staff Senior Vice President and Publisher, Periodical Publications Thomas J. Easley Vice President, Publishing Business Operations Brian Shields Staff Monica Smith Advertising Print & Online Sales & Marketing Director Jeffery J. Bonistalli Manager Kathy Russell Staff Mirna Monal Sales Representative Stacey McHugh Classified Advertising Manager Thalia Moss Staff Mike Harvey, Susan J. Henning Director, Marketing Mark Thornbury Staff Tricia Castellano Reprint Communications Manager Susan Lovenberg Circulation Print & Online Sales & Marketing Director, Worldwide Sales Vida Damijonaitis Managers Saskia Bolore, Gretchen Linder, Brian McCartney Staff David Baum, Rebecca Haas, Christine Hearne, Irma Millie Lara, Ron Thomas Marketing and Product Development Directors Paul Gee, Matt Herron, Elizabeth Solaro Associate Publisher/Senior Product Development Geoffrey Flick Managers Rick Bell, Lindsay Dawson, Michael McGraw, Romando Rossini, Sara Nagy, Stacy Tucker Staff Millette Jackson-Bates Business Operations Directors Karen Adams-Taylor, Karl Elvin, Sean O’Donnell, Sue Sherrill Managers David Antos, Chris Borden, Debbie Camp, Lydia Cruz, Scott Curl, Diane Darnell, Colleen Kelly, Chris Meyer, Jaye Mize, Annemarie Neff, J.D. Neff, Sean Ohlson, Phil O'Leary, Susan Price, Denise Steinhauser Advertising and Production Services Kim Boler, Rhonda Bailey Brown, Timothy Burke, Daniel DeGroot, Jordynn Farrar, Euwanaha Joiner-Smith, Tiffany Jones, Cindy Rendlen, Ellen Yoshihara Circulation Services Julie Burton, Dexter Golden, Erin Hinchcliff, Maria Nienhaus, Noemi Rivera, Geneine Van Someren Composition and New Media Gail Barrett, Regina Brownlee, Amanda Camino, Brenda Chandler-Grayer, Emily Dunn, Amy Evers, Teri Hutchison, Mary Ann Kuranda, Joshua Lampinen, Patricia E. Panek, La'son Diggs Sledge, George Thomson Graphics Joe Amft, Maria Duda, Fred Furtner, Carolyn Hall, Maria Kowalkowski Proofreading Carol Joy Farrell, Daniel James, Judith A. Literskis, Teresa H. Omiotek AMA Executives Executive Vice President, Chief Executive Officer James L. Madara, MD Chief Operating Officer Bernard L. Hengesbaugh The JAMA Network is a consortium of peer-reviewed print and online medical publications that includes JAMA®, JAMA Surgery, and other specialty journals. All articles published, including editorials, letters, and book reviews, represent the opinions of the authors and do not reflect the policy of the American Medical Association, the Editorial Board, or the institution with which the author is affiliated, unless this is clearly specified. ©2015 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. Reproduction without permission is prohibited. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png JAMA Surgery American Medical Association

JAMA Surgery

JAMA Surgery , Volume 150 (2) – Feb 1, 2015

JAMA Surgery

Abstract

Mission Statement: To promote the art and science of surgery by publishing relevant peer-reviewed clinical and basic science information to assist the surgeon in optimizing patient care. JAMA Surgery will also serve as a forum for the discussion of issues that involve ethics, teaching, surgical history, and socioeconomic concerns. Editor Melina R. Kibbe, MD Deputy Editors Adil H. Haider, MD, MPH, Boston, Massachusetts Timothy M. Pawlik, MD, MPH, MTS, PhD, Baltimore, Maryland Julie Ann Sosa,...
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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
2168-6254
eISSN
2168-6262
DOI
10.1001/jamasurg.2014.2489
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Mission Statement: To promote the art and science of surgery by publishing relevant peer-reviewed clinical and basic science information to assist the surgeon in optimizing patient care. JAMA Surgery will also serve as a forum for the discussion of issues that involve ethics, teaching, surgical history, and socioeconomic concerns. Editor Melina R. Kibbe, MD Deputy Editors Adil H. Haider, MD, MPH, Boston, Massachusetts Timothy M. Pawlik, MD, MPH, MTS, PhD, Baltimore, Maryland Julie Ann Sosa, MD, MA, Durham, North Carolina Managing Editor Terri Carter Phone: (312) 464-4444 jamasurg@jamanetwork.org Section Editors Review Editor Gerard M. Doherty, MD, Boston, Massachusetts Surgical Innovation Editor Justin B. Dimick, MD, MPH, Ann Arbor, Michigan Web and Social Media Editor Amalia L. Cochran, MD, Salt Lake City, Utah Clinical Challenge and CME Editor Pamela A. Lipsett, MD, MHPE, Baltimore, Maryland Statistical Consultants Terry Hyslop, PhD, Durham, North Carolina Amy H. Kaji, MD, PhD, Torrance, California Alfred W. Rademaker, PhD, Chicago, Illinois Editorial Board Karl Y. Bilimoria, MD, MS, Chicago, Illinois Sally E. Carty, MD, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Danny Chu, MD, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Diana L. Farmer, MD, Sacramento, California James W. Fleshman Jr, MD, Dallas, Texas James C. Hebert, MD, Burlington, Vermont Jonathan R. Hiatt, MD, Los Angeles, California O. Joe Hines, MD, Los Angeles, California David C. Linehan, MD, Rochester, New York Eric K. Nakakura, MD, PhD, San Francisco, California Leigh A. Neumayer, MD, MS, Tucson, Arizona Martin G. Paul, MD, Washington, DC Gilbert R. Upchurch Jr, MD, Charlottesville, Virginia George C. Velmahos, MD, PhD, MSEd, Boston, Massachusetts Sherry M. Wren, MD, Palo Alto, California International Editorial Board Juan I. Arcelus, MD, PhD, Granada, Spain Kevin C. P. Conlon, MA, MCh, MBA, Dublin, Ireland Marco Del Chiaro, MD, PhD, Stockholm, Sweden Liane S. Feldman, MD, CM, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Alberto R. Ferreres, MD, PhD, JD, MPH, Buenos Aires, Argentina Simon Y. K. Law, MBBChir, MS, Hong Kong Dimitrios A. Linos, MD, PhD, Marousi, Greece Olle Ljungqvist, MD, PhD, Örebro, Sweden Chung-Mau Lo, MBBS, MS(HK), Hong Kong Avery B. Nathens, MD, MPH, PhD, Toronto, Ontario, Canada John A. Windsor, MD, Auckland, New Zealand Desmond C. Winter, MB, MD, Dublin, Ireland Manabu Yamamoto, MD, PhD, Tokyo, Japan Han-Kwang Yang, MD, PhD, Seoul, South Korea Cheng-Har Yip, MBBS, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Former Editors Dean Lewis, MD, 1920-1940 Waltman Walters, MD, 1941-1942; 1946-1961 Lester Dragstedt, MD, 1943-1945 J. Garrett Allen, MD, 1962-1969 Richard Warren, MD, 1970-1976 Arthur Baue, MD, 1977-1988 Claude H. Organ Jr, MD, 1989-2004 Julie Ann Freischlag, MD, 2005-2014 Publication Staff Offices: 330 N Wabash Ave, Chicago, IL 60611 Editor in Chief, The JAMA Network Howard Bauchner, MD Executive Editor Phil B. Fontanarosa, MD, MBA Executive Managing Editor Annette Flanagin Managing Editor Brenda Gregoline Editorial Processing Manuscript Editing Manager Tracy Frey Senior Manuscript Editor Shannon L. Sparenga Manuscript Editors Nicole E. Balin, Miriam Y. Cintron, Paul Ruich Freelance Manuscript Editing Manager Diane L. Cannon Freelance Manuscript Editing Coordinators Connie L. Manno, Fred Marshall Freelance Copy Editors and Copyreaders Laura Adamczyk, Catherine A. Alden, Stephanie Lang Beckmeyer, Jan Clavey, Mary Coerver-Connolly, Paula Glitman, Roya Khatiblou, Laura King, Donna J. Thordsen, Caroline Woods Editorial Assistant Wanda Hill Editorial Operations and Systems Directors Larry Bryant, Monica Mungle, Elaine Williams Managers and Staff Lenette Gardner-Gullens, Fanny L. Brown, Paul Frank, Peter K. Kim, Rachell Lozano, Michaela Mark, Kathryn Muskovich, Gale Saulsberry Scientific Online Resources Deputy Editor and Director Michael Berkwits, MD Director, Development and Design Michelle Kurzynski Staff Eric Butkus, Will English IV, Christopher Hastings, Craig McCaffrey, Reuben Rios Editorial Graphics Deputy Editor and Director Ronna Henry, MD Staff Joshua Bird, Karen Bucher, David Song Clinical Review & Education Deputy Editor Edward H. Livingston, MD CME Editor Thomas B. Cole, MD, MPH Administration Director Marla A. Hall Staff Deanna Willis, Yolanda Davis Editorial Counsel Joseph P. Thornton, JD Media Relations Staff Preeti Malani, MD, MSJ, Deanna Bellandi, Jim Michalski Periodical Publishing Staff Senior Vice President and Publisher, Periodical Publications Thomas J. Easley Vice President, Publishing Business Operations Brian Shields Staff Monica Smith Advertising Print & Online Sales & Marketing Director Jeffery J. Bonistalli Manager Kathy Russell Staff Mirna Monal Sales Representative Stacey McHugh Classified Advertising Manager Thalia Moss Staff Mike Harvey, Susan J. Henning Director, Marketing Mark Thornbury Staff Tricia Castellano Reprint Communications Manager Susan Lovenberg Circulation Print & Online Sales & Marketing Director, Worldwide Sales Vida Damijonaitis Managers Saskia Bolore, Gretchen Linder, Brian McCartney Staff David Baum, Rebecca Haas, Christine Hearne, Irma Millie Lara, Ron Thomas Marketing and Product Development Directors Paul Gee, Matt Herron, Elizabeth Solaro Associate Publisher/Senior Product Development Geoffrey Flick Managers Rick Bell, Lindsay Dawson, Michael McGraw, Romando Rossini, Sara Nagy, Stacy Tucker Staff Millette Jackson-Bates Business Operations Directors Karen Adams-Taylor, Karl Elvin, Sean O’Donnell, Sue Sherrill Managers David Antos, Chris Borden, Debbie Camp, Lydia Cruz, Scott Curl, Diane Darnell, Colleen Kelly, Chris Meyer, Jaye Mize, Annemarie Neff, J.D. Neff, Sean Ohlson, Phil O'Leary, Susan Price, Denise Steinhauser Advertising and Production Services Kim Boler, Rhonda Bailey Brown, Timothy Burke, Daniel DeGroot, Jordynn Farrar, Euwanaha Joiner-Smith, Tiffany Jones, Cindy Rendlen, Ellen Yoshihara Circulation Services Julie Burton, Dexter Golden, Erin Hinchcliff, Maria Nienhaus, Noemi Rivera, Geneine Van Someren Composition and New Media Gail Barrett, Regina Brownlee, Amanda Camino, Brenda Chandler-Grayer, Emily Dunn, Amy Evers, Teri Hutchison, Mary Ann Kuranda, Joshua Lampinen, Patricia E. Panek, La'son Diggs Sledge, George Thomson Graphics Joe Amft, Maria Duda, Fred Furtner, Carolyn Hall, Maria Kowalkowski Proofreading Carol Joy Farrell, Daniel James, Judith A. Literskis, Teresa H. Omiotek AMA Executives Executive Vice President, Chief Executive Officer James L. Madara, MD Chief Operating Officer Bernard L. Hengesbaugh The JAMA Network is a consortium of peer-reviewed print and online medical publications that includes JAMA®, JAMA Surgery, and other specialty journals. All articles published, including editorials, letters, and book reviews, represent the opinions of the authors and do not reflect the policy of the American Medical Association, the Editorial Board, or the institution with which the author is affiliated, unless this is clearly specified. ©2015 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. Reproduction without permission is prohibited.

Journal

JAMA SurgeryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Feb 1, 2015

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