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IS DANDRUFF SEBORRHEAL?

IS DANDRUFF SEBORRHEAL? Abstract We believe that dandruff is not essentially seborrheal; that the combination of seborrhea and dandruff is not so common as to warrant the present classification; that the old pityriasis group should be restored to its original and independent status; that the definition of seborrhea should be standardized, and that the use of the adjective seborrheal should be confined to conditions in which seborrhea is essential—not incidental to the morbid picture. After examining the textbooks on dermatology used in American medical schools, I am inclined to accept the Elizabethan description quoted below as, by comparison, clear and accurate. The word dandriff (dandriffe, dandruff) is of Anglo-Saxon origin, a combination of tan meaning tetter and drof meaning dirty.1 Dandruff, then, is "itch-dirt" and is described as follows in what is said to be the first book on midwifery published in the English language.2 Of the Causes and Remedies of Dandruffe References 1. Foster, F. P.: An Illustrated Encyclopaedic Medical Dictionary , New York, D. Appleton & Co., 1891. 2. Raynald, T.: The Birth of Mankinde; Otherwise the Woman's Booke . Set forth in English by Thos. Raynald, Physitian, London. 3. A. H., and are to be sold by John Morrett, at the two Tuns in little Britaine, 1634. 4. Stelwagon, Henry W.: A Treatise on Diseases of the Skin , Ed. 8, Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1918. 5. Sutton, Richard L.: Diseases of the Skin , St. Louis, C. V. Mosby Company, 1919. 6. Sabouraud, R.: Maladies du cuir chevelu , Paris, Masson et Cie, 1902. 7. Sharlit, Herman: Personal communication. 8. Fuchs, Conrad Heinrich: Die krankhaften Veränderungen der Haut und ihrer Anhange, 1840. 9. Hebra, Ferdinand: A Treatise on Diseases of the Skin , trans. by A. Doyon, 1869. 10. Sabouraud, R.: Maladies du cuir chevelu , Paris, Masson et Cie 2, 1904. 11. Kaposi, Moritz: Pothologie et traitement des maladies de la peau , trans. by Besnier and Doyon, 1886. 12. Unna, P. G.: Seborrhoeal Eczema , J. Cutan. Dis. 5:449, 1887. 13. Malassez: Notes sur le champignon du pityriasis simple , Arch. de physiol. , 1874. 14. Unna, P. G.: The Histopathology of the Skin , English trans. by Walker, 1896. 15. Highman, Walter James: Dermatology , New York, The Macmillan Company, 1921. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Dermatology and Syphilology American Medical Association

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1924 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6029
DOI
10.1001/archderm.1924.02360280023005
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract We believe that dandruff is not essentially seborrheal; that the combination of seborrhea and dandruff is not so common as to warrant the present classification; that the old pityriasis group should be restored to its original and independent status; that the definition of seborrhea should be standardized, and that the use of the adjective seborrheal should be confined to conditions in which seborrhea is essential—not incidental to the morbid picture. After examining the textbooks on dermatology used in American medical schools, I am inclined to accept the Elizabethan description quoted below as, by comparison, clear and accurate. The word dandriff (dandriffe, dandruff) is of Anglo-Saxon origin, a combination of tan meaning tetter and drof meaning dirty.1 Dandruff, then, is "itch-dirt" and is described as follows in what is said to be the first book on midwifery published in the English language.2 Of the Causes and Remedies of Dandruffe References 1. Foster, F. P.: An Illustrated Encyclopaedic Medical Dictionary , New York, D. Appleton & Co., 1891. 2. Raynald, T.: The Birth of Mankinde; Otherwise the Woman's Booke . Set forth in English by Thos. Raynald, Physitian, London. 3. A. H., and are to be sold by John Morrett, at the two Tuns in little Britaine, 1634. 4. Stelwagon, Henry W.: A Treatise on Diseases of the Skin , Ed. 8, Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1918. 5. Sutton, Richard L.: Diseases of the Skin , St. Louis, C. V. Mosby Company, 1919. 6. Sabouraud, R.: Maladies du cuir chevelu , Paris, Masson et Cie, 1902. 7. Sharlit, Herman: Personal communication. 8. Fuchs, Conrad Heinrich: Die krankhaften Veränderungen der Haut und ihrer Anhange, 1840. 9. Hebra, Ferdinand: A Treatise on Diseases of the Skin , trans. by A. Doyon, 1869. 10. Sabouraud, R.: Maladies du cuir chevelu , Paris, Masson et Cie 2, 1904. 11. Kaposi, Moritz: Pothologie et traitement des maladies de la peau , trans. by Besnier and Doyon, 1886. 12. Unna, P. G.: Seborrhoeal Eczema , J. Cutan. Dis. 5:449, 1887. 13. Malassez: Notes sur le champignon du pityriasis simple , Arch. de physiol. , 1874. 14. Unna, P. G.: The Histopathology of the Skin , English trans. by Walker, 1896. 15. Highman, Walter James: Dermatology , New York, The Macmillan Company, 1921.

Journal

Archives of Dermatology and SyphilologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Oct 1, 1924

References

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